Folksonomy | Surrealism is a structured repository of digital culture and creative practice. en-au Creative Commons License: (cc), Simon Perkins Tue, 29 Aug 2017 10:25:24 +1000 Tue, 29 Aug 2017 10:25:24 +1000 Constellations 2.0 60 On the Passage of a few People through a Rather Brief Moment in Time The Situationist International 1956-1972 The Situationist International SI was an international organization of social revolutionaries the exclusive membership of which was made up of avant-garde artists intellectuals and political theorists active from its formation in 1957 to its dissolution in 1972 The intellectual foundations of the Situationist International were derived primarily from anti-authoritarian Marxism and the avant-garde art movements of the early 20th century particularly Dada and Surrealism Overall situationist theory represented an attempt to synthesize this diverse field of theoretical disciplines into a modern and comprehensive critique of mid-20th century advanced capitalism The situationists recognized that capitalism had changed since Marx s formative writings but maintained that his analysis of the capitalist mode of production remained fundamentally correct they rearticulated and expanded upon several classical Marxist concepts such as his theory of alienation In their expanded interpretation of Marxist theory the situationists asserted that the misery of social alienation and commodity fetishism were no longer limited to the fundamental components of capitalist society but had now in advanced capitalism spread themselves to every aspect of life and culture They resolutely rejected the idea that advanced capitalism s apparent successes mdash such as technological advancement increased income and increased leisure mdash could ever outweigh the social dysfunction and degradation of everyday life that it simultaneously inflicted Essential to situationist theory was the concept of the spectacle a unified critique of advanced capitalism of which a primary concern was the progressively increasing tendency towards the expression and mediation of social relations through objects The situationists believed that the shift from individual expression through directly lived experiences or the first-hand fulfillment of authentic desires to individual expression by proxy through the exchange or consumption of commodities or passive second-hand alienation inflicted significant and far-reaching damage to the quality of human life for both individuals and society Another important concept of situationist theory was the primary means of counteracting the spectacle the construction of situations moments of life deliberately constructed for the purpose of reawakening and pursuing authentic desires experiencing the feeling of life and adventure and the liberation of everyday life When the Situationist International was first formed it had a predominantly artistic focus emphasis was placed on concepts like unitary urbanism and psychogeography Gradually however that focus shifted more towards revolutionary and political theory The Situationist International reached the apex of its creative output and influence in 1967 and 1968 with the former marking the publication of the two most significant texts of the situationist movement The Society of the Spectacle by Guy Debord and The Revolution of Everyday Life by Raoul Vaneigem The expressed writing and political theory of the two aforementioned texts along with other situationist publications proved greatly influential in shaping the ideas behind the May 1968 insurrections in France quotes phrases and slogans from situationist texts and publications were ubiquitous on posters and graffiti throughout France during the uprisings Tue, 29 Aug 2017 10:25:24 +1000 Silent-era avant-garde artist-filmmakers disrupting the new realities of mass media rather than replicating them Around the time Shub started her documentary experiments 20th century avant-garde artists likewise began using repurposed chunks of mass-produced ephemera Picasso and Braque threw bits of newspaper into paintings Max Ernst cut up Victorian illustrations to create proto-surrealist collages Walter Benjamin T S Eliot and James Joyce pushed the literary practice of quotation into the realm of pastiche Marcel Duchamp pioneered sculptural assemblage with his readymades and photomontage blossomed in the graphic works of John Heartfield Hannah H ouml ch and Alexander Rodchenko These works rearranged reality to suit their artists purposes but unlike the compilation films did not try to hide that manipulation Whether Cubist Dada or Constructivist these artists chose to disrupt the new realities of mass media rather than replicate them savoring the illogic of dreamlike disjunctions and precipitating new ways to see all-too-common images Ed Halter 10 July 2008 Moving Image Source Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:34:18 +1000 Un Chien Andalou the surrealist masterpiece restored and corrected The film as shown here plays in actual time slowing down the hyper 16 minutes cut to a more deliberately paced 21 minutes The image is less contrast-blown than any version I have seen not to mention that it is no longer heavily cropped The score too is different dropping the now iconic tango back-and-forth with Wagner with just a straight run through the Wagner Blake Williams 22 February 2011 Sun, 18 Dec 2016 12:19:18 +1000 Milos Rajkovic Skinner Box Head Rajkovic creates animated portraits of anonymous archetypes with deconstructed heads and symbolic components that operate like finely tuned machines Everything is fair game a religious figure with alter candles and a rotating luxury car U S military figures with weight-lifting Ronald McDonald skeletons praying hands and a flat screen TV playing 24-hour cable news The brains of these figures are compromised ndash sometimes portrayed as dropping into a pool of blood or being picked at by a vulture-like bald eagle ndash so comprised possibly that they are missing the capacity for human empathy Are they all portraits of psychopaths perhaps I m guessing that Milos answer might be affirmative mdash these are the psychopaths who run your government military religious and corporate institutions Chris McDonnell 31 December 2013 Cartoon Brew Thu, 17 Mar 2016 13:32:25 +1000 Pinscreen animation Mindscape by Jacques Drouin A particularly creative example of the pinscreen animation technique this film is about an artist who steps inside his painting and wanders about in a landscape peopled with symbols that trigger unexpected associations Film without words Mindscape by Jacques Drouin 1976 7mins 31s Wed, 22 Jul 2015 22:48:07 +1000 The Codex Seraphinianus by Luigi Serafini Thu, 29 Jan 2015 18:26:29 +1000 The Prisoner the cult British television series Fri, 26 Sep 2014 21:35:15 +1000 The Phantom of Liberty humorous critique of bourgeois conventions Luis Bu ntilde uel s The Phantom of Liberty was quickly dismissed upon its release in 1974 Not only did it have to contend with the lingering success of 1972 s similarly themed but significantly less abstract The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie but it was quickly followed by the dreamlike bi ndash polar romantic entanglement of the director s last film That Obscure Object of Desire Like Discreet Charm the plot ndash free Phantom of Liberty is a patchwork of comedic sketches and sight gags through which Bu ntilde uel ravages a complacent European culture and the various sexual hang ndash ups and historical and cultural disconnects of its inhabitants This heady almost off ndash putting masterwork isn t particularly easy to decipher maybe we aren t meant to which is why it s best to approach it as a literal comedy of manners Films structured around daisy chains of dysfunction are a dime a dozen most though are as tiresomely long ndash winded as they are content with their own strained circularity This isn t the case with Phantom of Liberty which begins with a shot of Goya s 1808 masterpiece The Third of May The painting depicts Napoleon s army executing a group of faceless Spaniards and via a reenactment of this struggle Bu ntilde uel depicts how one of Napoleon s captains tries to defile the monument of Do ntilde a Elvira only to be smacked on the head by the moving arm of the statue of the woman s husband He later intends to sleep with the woman s corpse and when he opens her coffin he s amazed by how her beauty has been preserved It s the first of many sight gags in the film each and every one as startling as they are perversely funny All these moments are possessed by a sense of shocked wonderment and discovery and they all more or less evoke fragile pasts and characters trying to reconcile their historical detachments Ed Gonzalez 13 September 2003 Slant Magazine Fri, 11 Jul 2014 18:23:02 +1000 Real or Illusion Honda CR-V Spot Keeps You Guessing An Impossible Made Possible shows the CR ndash V 1 6 i ndash DTEC Diesel traversing a surreal landscape of complex and cool visual effects At one point we get an Ames room type illusion where a woman blows on her coffee apparently setting a toy Honda CR ndash V 1 6 atop a table in motion It turns out the SUV is really a full ndash size model parked a few yards behind her but the weird eye ndash candy in the scene doesn t end there The exceedingly stylized clip directed by Chris Palmer of Gorgeous succeeds as a pure content play and the main advertising element a somewhat clunky voiceover that talks about less fuel in for more miles out seem almost intrusive Still the point that things aren t always as they appear ndash a rule this campaign applies to various qualities of the Honda CR ndash V 1 6 such as gas mileage ndash is made in exceptionally eye ndash opening fashion David Gianatasio 22 October 2013 Adweek Fig 1 Honda Illusions An Impossible Made Possible ndash New CR ndash V 1 6 Diesel Video Thu, 13 Mar 2014 15:48:41 +1000 A portal to the underworld in Jean Cocteau s Orph eacute e 1950 Jean Cocteau s update of the Orpheus myth depicts a famous poet Jean Marais scorned by the Left Bank youth and his love for both his wife Eurydice Marie D eacute a and a mysterious princess Maria Casar egrave s Seeking inspiration the poet follows the princess from the world of the living to the land of the dead through Cocteau s famous mirrored portal Orpheus s peerless visual poetry and dreamlike storytelling represent the legendary Cocteau at the height of his powers The Criterion Collection Tue, 11 Mar 2014 00:36:52 +1000 The Magic Canvas 1948 An animated quest for freedom After the war years the studio made this beautifully fluid experiment in animation a remarkable achievement before computers were born The film shows how the union of the material and spiritual natures of man can lead to fulfilment John Halas with the Hungarian designer Peter Foldes produced and directed Magic Canvas with an original score by Matyas Sieber a student of Bella Bartok Year 1948 Length 10 mins Production John Halas Joy Batchelor Direction John Halas Script John Halas Design John Halas Peter Foldes Animation Wally Crook Music Matyas Sieber Sat, 08 Mar 2014 19:29:25 +1000 Retrospective exhibition of surrealist artist Meret Oppenheim Die Meret Oppenheim Retrospektive im Bank Austria Kunstforum zeigt Arbeiten aus allen Schaffensperioden Meret Oppenheims Eine umfassende Schau die Gelegenheit bietet Meret Oppenheim abseits bekannter Klischees neu zu entdecken Joseph Schimmer 20 03 2013 Mon, 02 Sep 2013 19:11:17 +1000 Busby Berkeley choreographing the epic visual spectacle Berkeley s choreography is important less for its movement of the dancers than for its movement of the camera To overcome the limitations of sound stages he ripped out walls and drilled through ceilings and dug trenches for his film crews When a desired effect could not be accomplished with traditional film equipment he had his budget expanded to include costs for developing custom rigs His innovations explored ideas that the stationary camera could not He wanted to take the audience through waterfalls and windows He wanted lines of dancers to fall away to reveal scenery that in turn would fall away to expose an even larger setting His dreams were big but his determination to see them actualized was even bigger Even his worst attempts resulted in eminently watchable movies of exhilarating movement but his best efforts produced startling effects that bordered on surrealistic dream states In the quintessential Berkeley films Footlight Parade 1933 and 42nd Street 1933 cameras mounted on tracks are sent soaring past a multitude of dancing legs flailing arms and orchestra instruments In all he directed more than twenty musicals including an underwater sequence with aquatic star Esther Williams Scott Smith 6 February 2013 Keyframe Thu, 15 Aug 2013 13:34:30 +1000 Czech Film Posters of the 1960s The birth of the Czech creative film poster phenomenon in the early sixties can be credited to Karel Vaca Karel Teissig Richard Fremund Vladimir Tesar Jiri Balcar Jaroslav Fiser Zdenek Ziegler Milan Grygar Bedrich Dlouhy Zdenek Palcr and others In the late sixties and during the seventies they were joined by Josef Vyletal Olga Polackova ndash Vyletalova Jiri Rathousky Alexej Jaros Karel Machalek Petr Pos Jiri Salamoun Vratislav Hlavaty Zdenek Vlach and Antonin Sladek In the streets but soon also at film festival exhibitions in art galleries and cinema premises Czech film poster rapidly won the favor of the public for its creative imagination poetic and lyrical atmosphere It was characteristic by the use of collage rollage photomontage retouching striking graphic designs wity typographic visual puns and surrealist dreamy interpretation Mass reproductions of works of art flooded the billboards in towns and cities and changed them into sidewalk open air galleries In the course of the 1960s Czech film poster designers found inspiration in the informal style applying its forms of structural abstraction and lettrism later on in pop ndash art and op ndash art using the then popular psychedelic forms and colors Artists frequently employed styles inspired by the film forms such as enlarged close ndash up merging of symbolic and metaphoric visual levels and repeated details Marta Sylvestrova Museu de Arte de Macau Thu, 11 Jul 2013 17:42:33 +1000 Ren eacute Malt ecirc te looking for surprise in the everyday Photographs by French photographer and poet Ren eacute Malt ecirc te 1930 ndash 2000 Sat, 04 May 2013 15:19:46 +1000