Folksonomy | Social Worlds is a structured repository of digital culture and creative practice. en-au Creative Commons License: (cc), Simon Perkins Mon, 10 Apr 2017 18:46:38 +1000 Mon, 10 Apr 2017 18:46:38 +1000 Constellations 2.0 60 The Story of Skinhead with Don Letts This thoughtful troubling film from Don Letts shows how a joyful movement became hijacked by thugs and bigots To the point where even the title of this programme will be off-putting to some But the precursor to all the hooliganism was a teen obsession with Jamaican ska Kevin Rowland recalls We saw the Pioneers we saw Desmond Dekker and we loved them It was completely multiracial And Letts is at pains to celebrate both the fashion before the fascism ndash reflected in increasingly ugly 70s archive ndash and the style revival Mark Braxton Mon, 10 Apr 2017 18:46:38 +1000 Slavoj Zizeik on Belief Do we live in a post-ideological world Mon, 21 Nov 2016 13:43:11 +1000 Moby amp The Void Pacific Choir Are You Lost In The World Like Me Fri, 18 Nov 2016 00:52:04 +1000 The Stances of the Observer in Participant Observation The degree to which the researcher involves himself herself in participation in the culture under study makes a difference in the quality and amount of data he she will be able to collect GOLD 1958 has provided a description of observer stances that extend Buford JUNKER s explanation of four theoretical stances for researchers conducting field observations GOLD relates the four observation stances as follows At one extreme is the complete participant who is a member of the group being studied and who conceals his her researcher role from the group to avoid disrupting normal activity The disadvantages of this stance are that the researcher may lack objectivity the group members may feel distrustful of the researcher when the research role is revealed and the ethics of the situation are questionable since the group members are being deceived In the participant as observer stance the researcher is a member of the group being studied and the group is aware of the research activity In this stance the researcher is a participant in the group who is observing others and who is interested more in observing than in participating as his her participation is a given since he she is a member of the group This role also has disadvantages in that there is a trade off between the depth of the data revealed to the researcher and the level of confidentiality provided to the group for the information they provide The observer as participant stance enables the researcher to participate in the group activities as desired yet the main role of the researcher in this stance is to collect data and the group being studied is aware of the researcher s observation activities In this stance the researcher is an observer who is not a member of the group and who is interested in participating as a means for conducting better observation and hence generating more complete understanding of the group s activities MERRIAM 1998 points out that while the researcher may have access to many different people in this situation from whom he she may obtain information the group members control the level of information given As ADLER and ADLER 1994 p 380 note this peripheral membership role enables the researcher to observe and interact closely enough with members to establish an insider s identity without participating in those activities constituting the core of group membership The opposite extreme stance from the complete participant is the complete observer in which the researcher is completely hidden from view while observing or when the researcher is in plain sight in a public setting yet the public being studied is unaware of being observed In either case the observation in this stance is unobtrusive and unknown to participants 21 Barbara B Kawulich 2005 Kawulich B 2005 Participant Observation as a Data Collection Method Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung Forum Qualitative Social Research 6 2 Retrieved from http www qualitative-research net index php fqs article view 466 996 Sun, 24 Apr 2016 22:21:24 +1000 The hipster as the postmodern dandy The hipster is concurrently developing into a form of youth subculture though at present in a limited sense Many of the tropes and defining characteristics of teenage tribalism are being draped in hipster attire but with little of the angst-ridden and socio-economic preliminaries at the base of earlier subcultural trends and movements such as skinheads goths and punks or some recipe based thereon Without a solid or at least only slightly shifting base in materiality and social context the attire of this set of genuinely disenfranchised youth is sign only the woolly hat and the running shoe are talismans devoid of any intended meaning the world seems flooded with signs without symbolism with younger converts to the hipster style aping their ape forebears The sign has in this context lost its original referent and become hyperreal Baudrillard 1994 p 1 The real origin of the sign s meaning has been lost or buried under meaningless affectation the borrowing and commodification of a modern exoticism that of various minority or retro alternative fashions and attitudes In reference to subcultural groups Hebdige notes that humble objects can be magically appropriated stolen by subordinate groups and made to carry secret meanings 1979 cited in Haralambos and Holborn 2004 p 808 This explains the way punks could style safety pins into a new context and teddy boys could subvert the traditional connotations of Edwardian formality ndash the coded meanings that charge such appropriated style-objects amounted to a kind of resistance to the ruling order be that signified by the state or in the square world of the mainstream Each subculture is in some way spectacular in that it creates a spectacle and intends to be noticed The hipster is daily losing this status as s he becomes overloaded with signifiers aesthetic surface and has become divorced from the collective there is no need for internal reinforcement against a subordinating external force when one has such a slippery class composition The hipster is not oppressed and purports to signify the pinnacle of individual choice and cultural savoir faire though this position is problematized by the amoebic development of a youth subculture with roots in working class communities The hipster s resistance is not to social subordination but to modernity itself to a meaning-deficit brought on by a loosely defined insecure mainstream culture that is less and less able to provide collective ontological sustenance Perhaps the youth-hipster is an attempt to introduce a degree of collectivity in order to partially overcome alienation and inwardness though this does not excuse the continued loss of substance and meaning in style and aesthetic value Michael Reeve 2013 Academia edu Sun, 15 Nov 2015 21:31:14 +1000 Belief in the here and now a Humanist perspective Written amp produced by the British Humanist Association and narrated by Stephen Fry Animated by Hyebin Lee Thank you to Alom Shaha Craig Duncan Andrew Copson and Sara Passmore That s Humanism logo design by Nick Cousin Fri, 12 Jun 2015 09:24:42 +1000 Aboriginal People s Relationship to Land Every different clan group has stories about their beginnings Stories are like our archives detailing how Creator Beings from under the earth arose to shape the land and to create the landscape There are myriad variations of the story but the theme stays the same The whole surface of the earth was like a moonscape no features no flora and fauna just bare open plain But there were Creator Beings sleeping in a state of potentiality just under the surface At a certain time they were disturbed whereupon their potentiality transformed into actuality and they arose out of the ground When they finally emerged they were very big and tall These beings were spirit ancestors of many of the varieties of flora and fauna especially large animals in Australia When this emergence was completed the spirit ancestors started to interact with one another fighting dancing running about making love killing All of this activity shaped the Australian landscape as we know it today Throughout this period humans remained asleep in various embryonic forms in a state like a kind of proto-humanity They were awakened by all the activity above the Creator Beings helped these proto-humans to become fully human teaching them the Laws of custodianship of land the Laws of kinship of marriage of correct ceremonies-they gave them every kind of knowledge they needed to look after the land and to have a stable society When this work was finished the Creator Beings went back into the land where they all still remain in the same eternal sleep from which they awakened at the beginning of time The locations to which they returned have always been and are still today regarded as very important sacred sites Wherever the Creator Beings travelled they left tracks or some kind of evidence of themselves These traces determined the identity of the people In other words every Aboriginal person has a part of the essence of one of the original creative spirits who formed the Australian landscape Therefore each person has a charter of custodianship empowering them and making them responsible for renewing that part of the flora and its fauna The details of this metaphysics varied widely across the land with the physical environment but the spiritual basis-the understanding that what separates humans from animals is the fact that each human bears a creative and spiritual identity which still resides in land itself-provided and still provides in many places the religious social political and economic force throughout Aboriginal Australia Mary Graham 2008 Australian Humanities Review 45 November 2008 Mary Graham Philosophical Underpinnings of Aboriginal Worldviews This essay was originally published in Worldviews Environment Culture Religion 3 1999 105-118 Sat, 02 May 2015 10:07:45 +1000 The Nature of Social Worlds The notion of social worlds is used here to refer to a form of social organization which cannot be accurately delineated by spatial territorial formal or membership boundaries Rather boundaries of social worlds must be determined by interaction and communication which transcend and cross over the more formal and traditional delineators of organization The term social world is used here to develop a common referent for a number of related concepts which refer to similar phenomena Thus social world phenomena encompass that which other sociologists have referred to as occupational contact networks invisible colleges behavior systems activity systems and subcultures After tracing some of the sociological history of social world analysis a series of concepts are developed which bring together and bind all of the previously mentioned concepts into a systematic whole Major aspects of individual involvement structural features of social worlds levels of social world analysis and some implications of a social world perspective are presented In this way a program for study and unification of related concepts is presented in preliminary form David Unruh 1980 David Unruh 1980 The Nature of Social Worlds The Pacific Sociological Review Vol 23 No 3 Jul 1980 pp 271-296 Fri, 01 May 2015 11:32:36 +1000 Emile Durkheim social explanations Sun, 18 Jan 2015 21:14:29 +1000 Melbourne youth subculture before punk there were Sharpies An extension of the UK skinhead movement the roots of sharp lie in the influx of European immigrants in Australia in the early 1960s By the late 1960s the Sharpie subculture had evolved and existed in the mainly working class and migrant inner city suburbs such as Richmond Fitzroy Collingwood and Brunswick where Greeks Italians Yogoslavs and English immigrants all lived side by side But as street corners gradually changed to shopping centres by the early 1970s the Sharpie movement started to spread to the outer suburbs of Melbourne where a rough as guts working class ethos existed The name Sharpie originated from the fashion It was all about the clothes and looking sharp and flash The first wave of Sharpies from 1966 ndash 1969 were strongly influenced by UK Mod fashions the 1964 Rockers and the style of certain Italian migrants Demeanor was tough hair was short back and sides and clothing was custom made by European tailors thus allowing for a blend of neo ndash thirties suave combined with a contemporary larrikin attitude Dances were also a big part of the Sharpies social fabric with bands such as Billy Thorpe amp the Aztecs Wild Cherries Ray Brown amp the Whispers and Max Merritt amp the Meteors being popular choices From 1970 ndash 1980 the second wave of Sharpies were following hard tough rock n roll bands like Lobby Loyde and the Coloured Balls Buster Brown Rose Tattoo The Angels and ACDC Sharpies were now often congregating in large numbers regularly attending live band concerts at town hall and high school dances as well as early discos But due to their sheer numbers Sharpies were often perceived as being untouchable by the police and were often associated with excessive violence regularly taking part in fights Melynda von Wayward Fri, 02 Jan 2015 11:03:35 +1000 The virtual is a liminal space that consists only of its becomingness-state One of the simplest ways to conceptualize the becomingness of liminal space in media is to think of the virtual In his essay The Reality of the Virtual Slavoj 381 i 382 ek addresses Gilles Deleuze s notion of the virtual as pure becoming without being which is always forthcoming an already past but is never present or corporeal 7 The virtual is a liminal space that consists only of its becomingness ndash state and not an actual being or object to become It exists as pure becoming that suspends both sequentiality and directionality it is a passage but there is no line of passage 8 Allison Wright The Chicago School of Media Theory Tue, 23 Dec 2014 11:28:25 +1000 Never Alone Could a Video Game Help to Preserve Inuit Culture Kunuuksaayuka an I ntilde upiaq tale that was recounted by the late I ntilde upiaq storyteller Robert Nasruk Cleveland In its traditional incarnation the tale recounts the adventures of a boy ndash the product of a nomadic society ndash who goes on a quest to save his community from an apocalyptic blizzard After securing the consent of Cleveland rsquo s daughter Minnie Aliitchask Gray the development team in conjunction with representatives from the I ntilde upiat community reworked the story until they settled on a script that would become the basis for Never Alone The game rsquo s I ntilde upiaq sub-title Kisima Ingitchuna translates to I am Not Alone Simon Parkin 17 November 2014 The New Yorker Wed, 26 Nov 2014 07:17:42 +1000 The now discredited hypodermic needle model of communication The Hypodermic Needle Theory is a linear communication theory which suggests that media messages are injected directly into the brains of a passive audience It suggests that we re all the same and we all respond to media messages in the same way This way of thinking about communication and media influence is no longer really accepted In the 1930s many researchers realized the limitations of this idea and some dispute whether early media theorists gave the idea any serious attention at all Nevertheless The Hypodermic Needle Theory continues to influence the way we talk about the media People believe that the mass media has a powerful effect Parents worry about the influence of television and violent video games News outlets run headlines like Is Google making us stupid and Grand Theft Auto led teen to kill Brett Lamb 12 April 2013 Tue, 30 Sep 2014 22:26:13 +1000 Organisations practices actors and events Exploring inside the distance running social world This paper revisits Unruh s notions of social worlds exploring the organisations practices events and actors involved within the culture of distance running as an increasingly popular leisure activity An ethnographic research design was utilised using a combination of interviews observation and participant observation Data was collected over a two-year period on a weekly basis at two local distance running clubs and also at a series of international distance running events This study examines the distance running world from the emic perspective of the twenty participants involved The key findings illustrate how the distance running social world permits both development and confirmation of a running identity and with it social fulfilment In addition to the four main components of a distance running social world this paper highlights a paradox whereby individuals follow an individual pursuit within the social world of the distance running community ndash highlighting that the focus is on both the individual and the social an area which sociologists have to date not extensively analysed within the context of sport Richard Shipway Immy Holloway and Ian Jones 2013 Richard Shipway Immy Holloway Ian Jones 2013 Organisations practices actors and events Exploring inside the distance running social world International Review for the Sociology of Sport 2013 48 259-276 Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:41:04 +1000 Teenage subculture identities discussed in 1979 on UK youth TV programme Something Else In this edition from Birmingham the Coventry band the Specials had just finished playing and George is sitting beside Martin Degville just in front of Jane Kahn partner in the seminal outrage shop Kahn amp Bell David Johnson 28 June 2010 Thu, 03 Jul 2014 15:28:51 +1000