Folksonomy | Boundary Critique is a structured repository of digital culture and creative practice. en-au Creative Commons License: (cc), Simon Perkins Fri, 19 Sep 2014 13:21:22 +1000 Fri, 19 Sep 2014 13:21:22 +1000 Constellations 2.0 60 Human Flesh Search HFS This article studies an interesting Internet phenomenon known as Human Flesh Search which illustrates the far-reaching impacts of the Internet that is less documented Due to its huge threat on individual privacy human flesh search has introduced huge controversy and invited heated debate in China This paper reviews its growth explores the impetuses identifies the distinctions from the alternative search engines and summarizes the benefits and drawbacks Furthermore the paper develops a systematic review of the prior literature in human flesh search by surveying major sources such as academic journals national and international conferences and public and private databases Finally the paper identifies five research gaps in the literature and offers an initial interpretation and analysis of these remaining research issues Human flesh search is still growing and the current study helps the computing field learn the past and present of this emerging phenomenon and properly manage its future development Rui Chen and Sushil Sharma 2011 Rui Chen and Sushil Sharma 2011 Journal of Information Privacy and Security Volume 7 Issue 1 2011 pages 50-71 Fri, 19 Sep 2014 13:21:22 +1000 Information Design and Data Visualisation Tue, 19 Aug 2014 18:48:13 +1000 Validity Concepts in Research an Integrative Approach Research involves drawing upon elements and relations from three basic domains a a conceptual domain which includes concepts and relations considered in abstract form b a methodological domain which includes instruments and techniques for obtaining observations and for relating sets of observations and c a substantive domain which includes events processes and phenomenon in the real world Any research project must contain elements and relations from each of these domains Thus it is not possible to conduct research without some method some concept or set of concepts and some event or process Elements and relations from each of these domains are not all combined simultaneously Research generally proceeds by combining two of the domains to form some structure and subsequently incorporating i e integrating the third domain with the developed structure With three domains there are at least three patterns for combining the domains Those three ways represent three distinct research paths and they pose different advantages and limitations for the investigator David Brinberg 1982 David Brinberg 1982 Validity Concepts in Research an Integrative Approach in NA ndash Advances in Consumer Research Volume 09 eds Andrew Mitchell Ann Abor MI Association for Consumer Research Pages 40 ndash 44 Sun, 21 Jul 2013 11:51:13 +1000 Open Knowledge Conference Geneva 17th-18th September 2013 In the last few years we ve seen government open data initiatives grow from a handful to hundreds and we ve seen open data become important in areas such as research culture and international development This event will explore how open data is not only expanding geographically but also touching new sectors and new areas How should governments and international institutions such as the UN react to these changes How should business take advantage of new opportunities and contribute to the open data economy How do citizens and civil society organizations turn data into accountability and into change Mon, 27 May 2013 09:52:26 +1000 Designerly Activity art design and technology as research A great deal of art or design or technology activity entails some research or orthodox or unorthodox kinds in support of the main activity It is not quite so certain that the activity itself is the same as research activity per se One has to ask was the art or design or technological activity an enquiry whose goal was knowledge Was it systematically conducted Were the data explicit Was the record of the conduct of the activity transparent in the sense that a later investigator could uncover the same information replicate the procedures adopted rehearse the argument conducted and produce the same result Were the data employed and the outcome arrived at validated in appropriate ways Most academic institutions with higher level art design or technology departments can point to at least a few cases of practical activity where an effort has been made successfully to meet these criteria So can a few research institutes and professional design offices In these cases the activity can properly be equated with research and should be recognised and rewarded accordingly Where any activity whether it claims to be research or not fails to meet the criteria which define research activity as a systematic enquiry whose goal is communicable knowledge it cannot properly be classed as research or equivalent to research Where an activity does meet the criteria it can be classed as research Bruce Archer 2004 p 28 The Design and Technology Association Archer B 2004 Designerly Activity and Higher Degrees The Design and Technology Association Sat, 23 Mar 2013 16:56:16 +1000 Complex representations not simple quantified measurement Primarily because of its association with achievements in the physical sciences quantified measurement seems a step toward enhanced precision But precision as understood here means more than reliability and validity it also requires appropriately complex representation of the target construct In phenomenological terms precision refers to the distinctiveness that fosters reliability the coherence that assures validity and the richness that is appropriate to the targeted phenomenon First distinctiveness is the extent to which a phenomenon is discriminable from others Judgments about distinctiveness require more than explicit e g operational definitions They require the capacity to anticipate attributes that remain implicit in even the most explicitly conceived phenomenon and on the basis of those implicit meanings to consistently verify that phenomenon s presence or absence Second coherence is the extent to which judgments about the attribute structure of a particular phenomenon are congruent Short of logical entailment but beyond associative contingency judgments about coherence require consideration of both the explicit and implicit meanings of the attribute structure they describe Third richness is the extent to which judgments about a phenomenon capture its complexity and intricacy Richness entails full differentiation of a phenomenon s attributes identification of its attribute structure and appreciation of its structural incongruities Don Kuiken and David Miall 2001 4 profiles and the ideal prototype This numeric assessment of degree involves profiles of attributes rather than individual attributes Although we appreciate the potential importance of the latter see note 3 we have not attempted to address the analytic problems that arise from the combination of nominal and ordinal variables in estimates of profile similarity It should be noted however that some available software facilitates the assessment of ordinal information during attribute identification cf KUCKARTZ 1995 WEITZMAN amp MILES 1995 The possibility of coordinating ordinal and nominal attribute judgments deserves further consideration Kuiken Don amp Miall David S 2001 Numerically Aided Phenomenology Procedures for Investigating Categories of Experience 68 paragraphs Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung Forum Qualitative Social Research 2 1 Art 15 http nbn ndash resolving de urn nbn de 0114 ndash fqs0101153 Sat, 16 Mar 2013 21:47:56 +1000 Interpretation is reactionary impertinent cowardly and stifling Interpretation in our own time however is even more complex For the contemporary zeal for the project of interpretation is often prompted not by piety toward the troublesome text which may conceal an aggression but by an open aggressiveness an overt contempt for appearances The old style of interpretation was insistent but respectful it erected another meaning on top of the literal one The modern style of interpretation excavates and as it excavates destroys it digs behind the text to find a sub ndash text which is the true one The most celebrated and influential modern doctrines those of Marx and Freud actually amount to elaborate systems of hermeneutics aggressive and impious theories of interpretation All observable phenomena are bracketed in Freud s phrase as manifest content This manifest content must be probed and pushed aside to find the true meaning ndash the latent content ndash beneath For Marx social events like revolutions and wars for Freud the events of individual lives like neurotic symptoms and slips of the tongue as well as texts like a dream or a work of art ndash all are treated as occasions for interpretation According to Marx and Freud these events only seem to be intelligible Actually they have no meaning without interpretation To understand is to interpret And to interpret is to restate the phenomenon in effect to find an equivalent for it Thus interpretation is not as most people assume an absolute value a gesture of mind situated in some timeless realm of capabilities Interpretation must itself be evaluated within a historical view of human consciousness In some cultural contexts interpretation is a liberating act It is a means of revising of transvaluing of escaping the dead past In other cultural contexts it is reactionary impertinent cowardly stifling Susan Sontag 1966 Susan Sontag 1966 Against Interpretation And Other Essays Farrar Strauss amp Giroux Fri, 01 Mar 2013 00:19:44 +1000 Hermeneutics where meaning is inter-subjectively created Hermeneutic theory is a member of the social subjectivist paradigm where meaning is inter ndash subjectively created in contrast to the empirical universe of assumed scientific realism Berthon et al 2002 Other approaches within this paradigm are social phenomenology and ethnography As part of the interpretative research family hermeneutics focuses on the significance that an aspect of reality takes on for the people under study Hermeneutics focuses on defining shared linguistic meaning for a representation or symbol In order to reach shared understanding as proposed in hermeneutic theory subjects must have access to shared linguistic and interpretative resources Marshall et al 2001 However hermeneutic theory also posits that linguistic meaning is likely open to infinite interpretation and reinterpretation due to the interpretative ambiguity coming from presuppositions to the conditions of usage different from authorial intention and to the evolution of words Marshall et al 2001 Due to its interpretive nature hermeneutics cannot be approached using a pre ndash determined set of criteria that is applied in a mechanical fashion Klein et al 1999 However a meta ndash principal sic known as the hermeneutic circle guides the hermeneutic approach where the process of understanding moves from parts of a whole to a global understanding of the whole and back to individual parts in an iterative manner Klein et al 1999 This meta ndash principal allows the development of a complex whole of shared meanings between subjects or between researchers and their subjects Klein et al 1999 Other co ndash existing principles that may help assure rigorous interpretive analysis involve a understanding the subject according to its social and historical context b assessing the historical social construction between the researcher and the subject c relating ideographic details to general theoretical concepts through abstraction and generalization d being sensitive to potential pre ndash conceptual theoretical contradictions between research design and actual findings e being aware of possible multiple interpretations among participants for a given sequence of events and f being conscious of potential biases or systematic distortions in the subject s narratives Klein et al 1999 IS Theory 15 November 2011 Information Systems PhD Preparation Program of the Marriott School of Management of Brigham Young University Sat, 19 Jan 2013 16:46:34 +1000 Samsara a visual meditation on modern living Expanding on the themes they developed in BARAKA 1992 and CHRONOS 1985 SAMSARA explores the wonders of our world from the mundane to the miraculous looking into the unfathomable reaches of man s spirituality and the human experience Neither a traditional documentary nor a travelogue SAMSARA takes the form of a nonverbal guided meditation Through powerful images the film illuminates the links between humanity and the rest of nature showing how our life cycle mirrors the rhythm of the planet The filmmakers approach non verbal filmmaking with an understanding that it must live up to the standard of great still photography revealing the essence of a subject not just its physical presence SAMSARA was photographed entirely in 70mm film utilizing both standard frame rates and with a motion control time ndash lapse camera designed specifically for this project This camera system allows perspective shifts to reveal extraordinary views of ordinary scenes The images were then transferred through the highest resolution scanning process available to the new 4K digital projection format that allows for mesmerizing images of unprecedented clarity SAMSARA will be a showpiece for the new high ndash resolution 4K digital projection the HD format as well as standard digital and film projection Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:08:21 +1000 Epistemological Positions in Design Research The significance of acknowledging the differences between the aspects of these epistemologies is twofold first it connects the theory of research to the practice of research and reveals the limits of truth claims in terms of objectivity validity and generalisability Second Crotty s model emphasizes the necessity of remaining epistemologically consistent Objectivist research must distinguish scientifically established objective facts from people s everyday subjective meanings In turn consistently constructionist research must place all meanings scientific and non ndash scientific on an equal basis ndash they are all constructions and none is truly objective or generalisable sic The further one moves towards subjectivism the greater the limits of the objectivity validity and generalisablity of one s truth claims Seale 1999 Being epistemologically aware requires that at each point in the research process we recognize that we make a variety of assumptions about human knowledge the realities encountered in the human world and the interpretability of our findings Luke Feast and Gavin Melles 2010 Feast L and G Melles 2010 Epistemological Positions in Design Research A Brief Review of the Literature Connected 2010 ndash 2nd International Conference on Design Education Sydney Australia University of New South Wales Point of View by Christopher Hassler http 500px com photo 6984247 Sat, 05 Jan 2013 23:01:42 +1000 Visualising interconnectedness through social network streams Tech City Map created by developers at Trampoline Systems and designed by Playgen pulls in streams of social network data for all of the businesses in the area to help analyse their influence The Tech City Map follows in the footsteps of Matt Biddulph s original Silicon Roundabout map as well as Wired s very own version produced in 2009 Olivia Solon and Nate Lanxon 10 November 2011 Wired UK Sat, 05 Jan 2013 18:00:53 +1000 Thought Maybe a video resource to inform and inspire action This is a website that aims to provoke your thoughts not only about these important issues but many other pertinent topics relevant to modern society industrial civilisation and globalised dominant culture There s already a lot of information on the Internet so our goal is to cut through the noise and garbage to present credible information in a clear way so it s accessible useful and easily digested This still may not be an easy undertaking though and we can understand that ndash especially considering the complexity and interconnectedness of the topics as well as the crossing over of sources but also for the fact that the information here can be incomplete sometimes contradictory or even controversial But this is the point It s all part of what we re trying to do provoke critical thinking questioning and doing We ve fundamentally built this resource to inform and inspire action ndash and no we re not talking about clicking the stupid Like button on Facebook signing online petitions or letter writing ndash we mean informing and inspiring real ndash world action taking this information away from the computer to rejuvenate the strong networks with the people around you in the real world to discuss plan act This is not a symbolic action or clicktivism website it s a resource to inform inspire and provoke We aim to generate a multitude of responses reactions and methods to the work we re doing because that s what is needed to solve the plethora of puzzles and problems addressed in the information we publish Some of these puzzles are big some are small but everywhere you look there s good work to be done Thought Maybe Fri, 14 Dec 2012 23:17:19 +1000 Kevin Kelly screen culture is a world of constant flux Screen culture is a world of constant flux of endless sound bites quick cuts and half ndash baked ideas It is a flow of gossip tidbits news headlines and floating first impressions Notions don t stand alone but are massively interlinked to everything else truth is not delivered by authors and authorities but is assembled by the audience Screen culture is fast like a 30 ndash sec movie trailer and as liquid and open ndash ended as a website On a screen words move meld into pictures change color and perhaps even meaning Sometimes there are no words at all only pictures or diagrams or glyphs that may be deciphered into multiple meanings This is terribly unnerving to any civilization based on text logic Kevin Kelly 19 June 2000 Will We Still Turn Pages Time Magazine Fig 1 JasKaitlin hypermediacy taken on April 25 2010 using an Apple iPhone 3GS http www flickr com photos 64776338 N07 5996281055 Sat, 11 Aug 2012 03:43:46 +1000 Hannah Starkey reconstructed scenes from everyday life Using actors within carefully considered settings Hannah Starkey s photographs reconstruct scenes from everyday life with the concentrated stylisation of film Starkey s images picture women engaged in regular routines such as loitering in the street sitting in cafes or passively shopping Starkey captures these generic in between moments of daily life with a sense of relational detachment Her still images operate as discomforting pauses where the banality of existence is freeze ndash framed in crisis point creating reflective instances of inner contemplation isolation and conflicting emotion Through the staging of her scenes Starkey s images evoke suggestive narratives through their appropriation of cultural templates issues of class race gender and identity are implied through the physical appearance of her models or places Adopting the devices of filmography Starkey s images are intensified with a pervasive voyeuristic intrusion framing moments of intimacy for unapologetic consumption Starkey often uses composition to heighten this sense of personal and emotional disconnection with arrangements of lone figures separated from a group or segregated with metaphoric physical divides such as tables or mirrors Often titling her work as Untitled followed by a generalised date of creation her photographs parallel the interconnected vagueness of memory recalling suggestions of events and emotions without fixed location or context Her work presents a platform where fiction and reality are blurred illustrating the gap between personal fragility and social construction and merging the experiences of strangers with our own Saatchi Gallery Sun, 05 Aug 2012 13:31:38 +1000 Connectivism Socialising Open Learning Fig 1 George Siemens 2009 presentation Connectivism Socializing Open Learning VI International Seminar on Open Social Learning of the UOC UNESCO Chair in e ndash Learning Fri, 03 Aug 2012 17:41:39 +1000