Folksonomy | food production is a structured repository of digital culture and creative practice. en-au Creative Commons License: (cc), Simon Perkins Thu, 23 Mar 2017 18:11:29 +1000 Thu, 23 Mar 2017 18:11:29 +1000 Constellations 2.0 60 Ten years of smartphones and visions of a circular economy Smartphones sind schlecht zu reparieren schlecht aufzur uuml sten schlecht zu recyceln F uuml r die Konsumentinnen ist das auml rgerlich ndash und kann f uuml r die Hersteller richtig teuer werden Dass Mobiltelefone eine l auml ngere Lebensdauer haben ist aber ein wichtiger Beitrag zum Umweltschutz F uuml r ihre Herstellung werden Edelmetalle und so genannte Seltene Erden gebraucht die unter grossem Energieaufwand und mittels gesundheitssch auml digender Chemikalien gef ouml rdert werden Jedes reparierte Telefon schont Ressourcen Im Auftrag von Greenpeace berechnete das deutsche Oeko-Institut dass sich die Smartphone-Lebensdauer im Schnitt um 1 5 Jahre verl auml ngern liesse Nimmt man all das zusammen ndash Energieaufwand kurze Lebensspanne und geringe Recyclingquote ndash wird klar dass es so nicht endlos weitergehen kann Greenpeace Schweiz 1 March 2017 Thu, 23 Mar 2017 18:11:29 +1000 Elinor Ostrom and the solution to the tragedy of the commons Elinor Ostrom s research concerned the governance of common resources also known as commons The commons are natural resources like land for grazing fishing areas forests for timber water for the irrigation of farmland and also more intangible resources like knowledge for which it is very expensive to control and fence in user consumption The problem with these types of resources as shown in 1968 by Garrett Hardin but Aristotle had already observed a similar phenomenon is that they are over-exploited or at least their care and sustainability is overlooked by users The reason is that people behave opportunistically like free-riders and consider the resource they are accessing without the possibility of being excluded as a free resource and they therefore maximize their private benefits but neglect or collectivize the costs Hardin coined the phrase tragedy of the commons to describe this phenomenon and gave social sciences one of the most evocative metaphors after Adam Smith rsquo s invisible hand These two metaphors are effective because they capture two essential social situations in marked contrast to one another When social interactions are guided by an invisible hand they reconcile individual choice and socially desirable results whereas in the tragedy of the commons individuals pursuing their private objectives cause disastrous consequences for themselves and others The solution to the tragedy of the commons before the contribution of Ostrom and her studies was to privatize resources or in a diametrically opposite view to form a Leviathan state in order to manage them Instead Ostrom demonstrated that within communities rules and institutions of non-market and not resulting from public planning can emerge from the bottom up to ensure a sustainable shared management of resources as well as one that is efficient from an economical point of view Besides the village of T ouml rbel Ostrom shows examples of common lands in the Japanese villages of Hirano and Nagaike the huerta irrigation mechanism between Valencia Murcia and Alicante in Spain and the zanjera irrigation community in the Philippines Also the property in the form of vicinale neighborhoods typical of regions of Italy like Emilia the Belluno and the Ticino are also collective institutions although not investigated by Ostrom The argument then has a more modern example if one notices that even the Wikipedia community is a form of successful collective institution of a communal resource knowledge Flavio Felice Massimiliano Vatiero 27 June 2012 Thu, 22 Sep 2016 15:09:41 +1000 Universal resilience patterns in complex networks Resilience a system s ability to adjust its activity to retain its basic functionality when errors failures and environmental changes occur is a defining property of many complex systems Despite widespread consequences for human health the economy and the environment events leading to loss of resilience mdash from cascading failures in technological systems to mass extinctions in ecological networks mdash are rarely predictable and are often irreversible These limitations are rooted in a theoretical gap the current analytical framework of resilience is designed to treat low-dimensional models with a few interacting components and is unsuitable for multi-dimensional systems consisting of a large number of components that interact through a complex network Here we bridge this theoretical gap by developing a set of analytical tools with which to identify the natural control and state parameters of a multi-dimensional complex system helping us derive effective one-dimensional dynamics that accurately predict the system s resilience The proposed analytical framework allows us systematically to separate the roles of the system s dynamics and topology collapsing the behaviour of different networks onto a single universal resilience function The analytical results unveil the network characteristics that can enhance or diminish resilience offering ways to prevent the collapse of ecological biological or economic systems and guiding the design of technological systems resilient to both internal failures and environmental changes Jianxi Gao Baruch Barzel amp Albert-L aacute szl oacute Barab aacute si 17 February 2016 Nature Thu, 25 Feb 2016 09:01:18 +1000 The reality of shark fin soup served at Chinese wedding banquets The majority of the demand for shark meat is from the shark ndash fin industry centered in Asia Singapore is one of the main consumer countries along with Mainland China Hong Kong Taiwan Malaysia and Thailand For every Chinese wedding banquet in Singapore that serves shark fin soup the world loses another 40 ndash 50 sharks Animal Concerns Research and Education Society Fri, 27 Feb 2015 01:51:03 +1000 CNN Ecosphere Project engagement through real-time visualisations In November 2011 the UN invited representatives from 194 states to discuss climate change at the COP17 Conference 17th Conference of Parties in Durban South Africa CNN launched the ECOSPHERE Project and brought the world to the COP17 Climate Change Conference ndash with a hashtag The CNN ECOSPHERE is a digital ecosystem growing from thousands of tweets about climate change A real ndash time visualisation of the global discussion on the internet Every COP17 tweet stimulated growth in one of the numerous plants representing topics like Sustainability or Carbon The size colour and growth rate of these plants gave users a fascinating view of how the international conversation was evolving CNN invited people to plant a thought with hashtag COP17 and brought the project to the COP17 Conference Here a live digital installation connected delegates with contributions from all over the world ndash getting more people involved in a climate change conference than ever before Wed, 24 Dec 2014 11:54:04 +1000 Protofarm 2050 guide to free farming urban agricultural speculation Design Indaba invited five designers to look beyond the possibilities and predictions currently in the public domain Futurefarmers 5 5 designers Dunne amp Raby Revital Cohen and Frank Tjepkema each created a unique vision of the year 2050 with increased urbanisation and population limited natural resources climate challenges and digital ndash biological integration Defining farming as the sustainable cultivation of a renewable resource Design Indaba presented Protofarm 2050 at the ICSID World Design Congress in Singapore from 23 to 25 November 2009 Design Indaba Sun, 23 Nov 2014 11:34:55 +1000 Co-option used to promote ethical consumption practices Fri, 06 Jun 2014 18:46:17 +1000 An animated meditation on destructive consumption practices Mon, 26 May 2014 15:18:35 +1000 US Corn Refiners seek to sweeten image through product rename High fructose corn syrup essentially a liquid alternative to sugar that is derived from corn kernels is known in Europe as glucose ndash fructose syrup or isoglucose Thousands of popular foods ranging from crisps to bread products sweets and prepared meals contain the ingredient But sales have fallen sharply in the US amid attacks on the substance by campaigners who link it to America s twin epidemics of obesity and diabetes Andrew Clark 15 September 2010 The Guardian Sun, 16 Mar 2014 19:50:35 +1000 Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil transforming markets to make sustainable palm oil the norm Tue, 24 Dec 2013 11:42:19 +1000 Thai Health Promotion Foundation Smoking Kid campaign The Thai Health Promotion Foundation THPF used child actors to get adult smokers to think seriously about taking their own advice on the effects of smoking In the Thai cultural context adults naturally take action to educate children whenever they misbehave However when adults themselves repeat the children s action they overlook that misbehavior Children carrying cigarettes approached adults in smoking areas outside busy buildings asking for a light Adults commonly refused and warned the children not to smoke The children asked the adults why they themselves were smoking and gave them a quit smoking brochure The campaign won a Bronze Outdoor Lion at Cannes in 2012 Gold Special Event and Silver Online awards at the 2013 Clio AWards Gold for Special Service at the One Show Awards a Silver Film Lotus at the 2013 Adfest Awards Duncan Macleod 4 June 2013 The Inspiration Room Thu, 31 Oct 2013 10:48:04 +1000 Chris Green s Findus Beef Lasagne Jockey Parody Fri, 25 Oct 2013 11:24:01 +1000 The Designers Accord 2007-2012 The Designers Accord was created in 2007 as a five ndash year project to mainstream sustainability in the global creative community Formed as a distributed knowledge network of design firms universities and business leaders the Designers Accord has helped advance the conversation around the ethics practices and responsibilities of the creative community The next phase of the Designers Accord will shift from community building to carrying out selective projects The transition to project ndash based interventions reflects the current needs of our community marketplace and culture in engaging richly in the topic of sustainability Fig 1 infographic of the Designers Accord activities and progress from 2007 ndash 2012 Sat, 12 Oct 2013 17:04:15 +1000 The UK National Institute for Health Research The mission of the National Institute for Health Research NIHR is to maintain a health research system in which the NHS supports outstanding individuals working in world class facilities conducting leading edge research focused on the needs of patients and the public Since its establishment in April 2006 the NIHR has worked with key partners involved in the different elements of NHS research to transform research in the NHS It has increased the volume of applied health research for the benefit of patients and the public driven faster translation of basic science discoveries into tangible benefits for patients and the economy and developed and supported the people who conduct and contribute to applied health research Sat, 29 Jun 2013 20:37:55 +1000 Experiments in the Revival of Organisms This disturbing film records the successful experiments in the resuscitation of life to dead animals dogs as conducted by Dr S S Bryukhonenko at the Institute of Experimental Physiology and Therapy Voronezh U S S R Director D I Yashin Camera E V Kashina Narrator Professor Walter B Cannon Introduced by Professor J B S Haldane Moving Image Archive Sun, 19 May 2013 17:10:14 +1000