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30 MARCH 2014

Work begins on the world's first 3D-printed house

"At the centre of the process is the KamerMaker, or Room Builder, a scaled–up version of an open–source home 3D–printer, developed with Dutch firm Ultimaker. It uses the same principle of extruding layers of molten plastic, only enlarged about 10 times, from printing desktop trinkets to chunks of buildings up to 2x2x3.5m high.

For a machine–made material, the samples have an intriguingly hand–made finish. In places, it looks like bunches of black spaghetti. There are lumps and bumps, knots and wiggles, seams where the print head appears to have paused or slipped, spurting out more black goo than expected.

'We're still perfecting the technology,' says Heinsman. The current material is a bio–plastic mix, usually used as an industrial adhesive, containing 75% plant oil and reinforced with microfibres. They have also produced tests with a translucent plastic and a wood fibre mix, like a liquid form of MDF that can later be sawn and sanded. 'We will continue to test over the next three years, as the technology evolves,' she says. 'With a second nozzle, you could print multiple materials simultaneously, with structure and insulation side by side.'"

(Oliver Wainwright, 28 March 2014, The Guardian)

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TAGS

20143D printing • 3D-printed house • Amsterdamarchitecture • biodegradable materials • black spaghetti • brickbuilding process • canal • canal house • computer-controlled gantry • contour crafting • cyberarchitecturedesign futuresdigital fabricationdigital forming • Dus Architects • dwellingfabrication • gable • honeycomb lattice • honeycomb structurehouse • housebuilding • housing • Janjaap Ruijssenaars • KamerMake • lattice • liquorice • machine-made material • made on-demandmanufacturingMDFmobius stripnew crafts • novelty technology • oozingplant oilplastic • plastic facade • print structures • printingrapid manufacturing • Room Builder • synthetic sandstone • technological developmentsThe Guardian • treacle • Ultimaker • wood fibre

CONTRIBUTOR

Linda Carroli
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