"Reflection-in-action proceeds by a construction cycle of framing, naming, moving and reflecting. Framing and naming concern the problem-setting in that the designer constructs a problem out of a situation by naming the things to which she will pay attention whilst at the same time framing the way that the problem is viewed (Schön 1991). Framing in this sense imposes an order onto the problem; moves are made towards a solution in relation to how the situation is framed. However, the situation ‘talks back’; surprise at the outcomes of moves leads to reflecting. Reflecting on outcomes may trigger either further moves or a new framing (Schön 1996). Reflection-inaction is not an interruption to fluid action; it is always embedded within action."
(Simone Stumpf and Janet McDonnell, CiteSeerX)
1). Simone Stumpf and Janet McDonnell, "Individual Learning Styles and Perceptions of Experiential Learning in Design Teams"