"At the beginning of the 21st century, the World Wide Web changed the business and information distribution model for all media.
No longer were printing presses and transmission towers the only means of communication. A laptop and a broadband hookup did the same work, thank-you.
Journalists for a day, a weekend, or a cause began to supplant journalists at desks, with their pensions and a boss.
The audience formerly known as newspaper readers and television viewers awoke to the freedom of connectivity in a digital age. Virtual communities and international communities of interest transcended geographic communities and the sense of place.
In a flash, media expectations, models and roles all changed."
(Chris Peck, Peggy Holman, and Stephen Silha, 30 April 2008, Journalism that Matters)
Fig.1 Sherrin Bennett (2008) 'Value Network Maps: The Old News Story', Journalism that Matters.
Fig.2 Sherrin Bennett (2008) 'Value Network Maps: An Emerging News Ecology', Journalism that Matters.