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Which clippings match 'Fair Use' keyword pg.2 of 2
10 NOVEMBER 2009

Murdoch may block Google searches

"Rupert Murdoch has said he will try to block Google from using news content from his companies.

The billionaire told Sky News Australia he will explore ways to remove stories from Google's search indexes, including Google News.

Mr Murdoch's News Corp had previously said it would start charging online customers across all its websites.

He believes that search engines cannot legally use headlines and paragraphs of news stories as search results.

'There's a doctrine called 'fair use', which we believe to be challenged in the courts and would bar it altogether,' Mr Murdoch told the TV channel. 'But we'll take that slowly.'

Mr Murdoch announced earlier this year that the websites of his news organisations would begin charging for access."

(BBC News, 9 November 2009)

TAGS

accessAustraliaBBCBBC Newschange • charging for access • digital cultureeconomic changefair useGoogle IncGoogle Newsknowledge-based economynews • News Corp • old mediapublishingRupert Murdoch • Sky News Australia • UK

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
03 NOVEMBER 2009

Open source as social organization of production and as a form of technological innovation based on a new conception of property rights

"Open source exposes the new logic of organisation of production in a knowledge intensive economic process. The development of software is made up of digitally encoded knowledge that combines from the bottom up in the process of production. Furthermore, as mentioned above, open source is an experiment in production built around a distinctive notion of property. The traditional notion of property is based on the right to exclude the non owners from the use of something that is owned by someone. On the other hand, open source property is configured around the right to distribute, not the right to exclude. This is in fact in the tradition of 'fair use' of intellectual products that are used without securing their property. Under an extended notion of fair use, no individualĀ“s fair use will be permitted to constrain subsequent fair use by another individual and for any purpose. (On 'fair use', and the transformation of the notion of intellectual property rights see the definitive analysis by Lawrence Lessig 'Free Culture' , 2004)"

(Manuel Castells, World Social Forum 2005)

Presentation by Manuel Castells in the World Social Forum 2005

TAGS

20042005Creative Commonsfair usefree cultureintellectual propertyintellectual property rightsIPIPRknowledgeLawrence LessigManuel Castellsopen sourceownershipproductionpropertyproperty rightsremix culturescriptiblesharing • social organisation of production • World Social Forum

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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