"Sonic Outlaws, a fragmented, gleefully anarchic documentary by Craig Baldwin, approaches this incident from several directions. Some of the film is about the legal nightmare that ensued from Negativland's little joke. In a highly publicized case, U2's label, Island Records, charged Negativland with copyright and trademark infringement for appropriating the letter U and the number 2, even though U2 had in turn borrowed its name from the Central Intelligence Agency. SST then dropped Negativland, suppressed the record and demanded that the group pay legal fees. Trying to remain solvent, Negativland sent out a barrage of letters and legal documents that are now collected in 'Fair Use', an exhaustive, weirdly fascinating scrapbook about the case.
Sonic Outlaws covers some of the same territory while also expanding upon the ideas behind Negativland's guerilla recording tactics. Guerilla is indeed the word, since these and other appropriation artists see themselves as engaged in real warfare, inundated by the commercial airwaves, infuriated by the propaganda content of much of what they hear and see, these artists strike back by rearranging contexts as irreverently as possible. Their technological capabilities are awesome enough to mean no sound or image is tamper-proof today."
"In some ways, independent media–makers seem caught in the middle of this struggle, seeking ways to protect their own creative products, but also often at the mercy of bigger corporate interests. What do we gain by looking at the issues from their perspective?"
"As internet video matures, we face a crossroads: will technology and public policy support a more participatory culture – one that encourages and enables free expression and broader cultural engagement? Will video be woven into the fabric of the open web? Or will online video become a glorified TV–on–demand service? Open Video is a movement to promote free expression and innovation in online video through open standards, open source, and sharing."
(Open Video Alliance)
"New digital distribution networks are reshaping producers and consumers' attitudes towards intellectual property and fair use. New approaches to intellectual property ownership and licensing such as Creative Commons and open source are facilitating the evolution of new business models with intellectual property at the very heart of the creative value proposition. It is essential the framework is up to date, relevant, easily usable and fair. This Beacon Project will create a strong positive vision of how the creative industries will reconcile the tensions at the heart of this new era and evolve paradigms where successful artists and businesses co–exist with empowered customers. 'The speed of digital convergence and the global nature of the digital revolution bring the complex issues of intellectual property and copyright centre stage for all. Long accepted business models are being blown apart; the Internet is radically reshaping consumer attitudes and behaviour; and legal frameworks are not keeping pace. These are critical issues for a strong creative and knowledge economy for the 21st century.' Dame Lynne Brindley, CEO British Library"
(Technology Strategy Board, UK)
Fig.1 Ginger Coons (08.02.2010) 'Open' [http://adaptstudio.ca/blog/labels/_art_.html#5427215574782381910].
"Rupert Murdoch has said he will try to block Google from using news content from his companies.
The billionaire told Sky News Australia he will explore ways to remove stories from Google's search indexes, including Google News.
Mr Murdoch's News Corp had previously said it would start charging online customers across all its websites.
He believes that search engines cannot legally use headlines and paragraphs of news stories as search results.
'There's a doctrine called 'fair use', which we believe to be challenged in the courts and would bar it altogether,' Mr Murdoch told the TV channel. 'But we'll take that slowly.'
Mr Murdoch announced earlier this year that the websites of his news organisations would begin charging for access."
(BBC News, 9 November 2009)