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04 DECEMBER 2012

Joseph Campbell's Hero's Journey

"The Hero's Journey is a pattern of narrative identified by the American scholar Joseph Campbell that appears in drama, storytelling, myth, religious ritual, and psychological development. It describes the typical adventure of the archetype known as The Hero, the person who goes out and achieves great deeds on behalf of the group, tribe, or civilization"

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1949archetypal characters • basic pattern • call to adventure • character archetypecharacter oversimplificationcharacter-driven storiescharacterisation • classic myths • cycleelixir • Erich Neumann • Finnegans Wake (1939) • flight • formulaic • fundamental structures • hero • hero myth • hero myth archetypes • hero myths • heros journeyJames Joyce • Joseph Campbell • journey • journey model • journey process • monomyth • mythological hero • narrative model • narrative structure • narrativesplot structuresqueststereotypes • tests • The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949) • typical elements • universal principlesuniversalising

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
20 NOVEMBER 2007

The Seven Liberal Arts: The Trivium & The Quadrivium

"Originally the liberal arts were seven in number. They were divided into the three–fold Trivium of Grammar, Logic, and Rhetoric, and the four–fold Quadrivium of Arithmetic, Geometry, Music, and Astronomy. These words mean, respectively, a three–way and a four–way crossroads, implying that these paths of knowledge are fundamentally interconnected –– and, by extension, that all other paths can be found to intersect here, as well. The T[rivium]. was the basis of elementary education (whence we probably get the word 'trivial'): Grammar taught the craft of reading and writing; Logic, of careful reasoning; and Rhetoric, of effective communication. The Q[uadrivium]. was the basis of advanced education: Arithmetic taught the science of number; Geometry, of form; Music, of sound (and of 'harmony' in the most general sense of the word –– 'number in motion', as it was often put); Astronomy, of time (of 'form in motion'). Moreover, from the very beginning, whether openly acknowledged or carefully alluded to, each of the Quadrivial sciences was accompanied by its complementary metaphysical art. Each dealt not only with the outer structures, but also with the inner meanings of its discipline. Thus, Arithmetic included Arithmology, the understanding that numbers were not merely quantities, but also qualities (that 'two', for instance, is also 'duality, polarity'); Geometry included what is nowadays called Geomancy, the understanding (in, for example, the design of temples or cathedrals, or in the graphic arts) that the spirit and the emotions can be affected in particular ways by particular forms; Astronomy included Astrology, the divination of the meanings of cycles of time; and Music included not only the study of 'practical theory', of nomenclature and technique (e.g. 'this is a minor third', 'this is the Mixolydian mode'), but also the study of 'speculative theory', of the meanings and influences of tones and intervals and scales.

Traditionally the seven liberal arts have been positioned in opposition to the 'servile arts'. In this sense while the liberal arts generally refer to knowledge 'appropriate for free men' (social and political elites) the servile arts have been associated with specialised tradesman skills and knowledge e.g. engineering and design."
(Steven C. Rasmussen 28 March 1996)

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arithmeticastronomycathedralcraftcurriculumcycledesigneducationeducational modelemploymentengineeringEuropeangeometrygrammar • high middle ages • interconnectedliberal arts • liberalis arts • logic • medieval university • musicpremodernprofessionalismQuadriviumqualityrhetoric • scholastic guild • scienceservile arts • seven liberal arts • skills • studia generalia • studium • trade • tradesmanship • Trivium • universitas magistrorum • universitas magistrorum et scholarium • universitas scholarium • universityvocationvocational training
06 JANUARY 2006

The Choreography of Awkward and Dehumanised Spaces

"The seven characters in the film 'Dictio pii' (2001) move about in a vacant hotel, but the viewer cannot discern a specific intention that might motivate their peculiar conventicle. Doors swing open and oddly clad figures step forward, only to disappear again in the next room."
(Siemens AG 2006)

Markus Schinwald (2001) 'Dictio pii', single–screen projection with five 35mm films transferred to DVD, duration, each: 3 minutes 16 sec overall display dimensions variable installation.

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03 DECEMBER 2003

Patterns of Hypertext: complex webs of links

"The complexity and unruliness of the complex webs of links we create has frequently led to calls for "structured" or otherwise disciplined hypertext [33][20][75]. While calls for clearer structure have tried to avoid, consolidate, or minimise links, it is now clear that hypertext cannot easily turn its back on complex link structures. Where it was once feared that the cognitive burdens of large, irregular link networks would overwhelm readers, we find in practice that myriad casual readers flock to the docuverse. The growth of literary and scholarly hypertext, the evolution of the Web, and the economics of link exchange all assure the long–term importance of links."
(Mark Bernstein, Eastgate Systems, Inc.)

[33]. Robert J. Glushko, Design Issues for Multi–Document Hypertexts, in Hypertext'89. 1989, Pittsburgh. p. 51–60.
[20]. L. DeYoung, Linking Considered Harmful, in ECHT'90 – Hypertext: Concepts, Systems and Applications, S. Rizk, Andre. 1990, Cambridge Univ. Press: p. 238–249.
[75]. K. Utting and Nicole Yankelovich, "Context and orientation in hypermedia networks", ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems, 1989. 7(1): p. 58–84.

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raided narrative • branching narrativecausally related narrative eventscontour • counterpoint • cycle • docuverse • douglas cycle • feint • hypertextJames JoycejoinJoycean hypertext • joyces cycle • link • Mark Bernstein • mirror world • missing link • montage • moulthrops move • navigational feint • neighbourhoodorderpattern • Rashomon • sieve • splitstory shape • Storyspace • structure • tangle • web • web ring
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