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Which clippings match 'Center For History And New Media' keyword pg.1 of 1
15 APRIL 2012

Beta blockers? : proprietary data formats may be legally defensible but open standards can be a better spur for innovation

"Thomson [Thomson Reuters] makes the proprietary bibliography software EndNote, and claims that Zotero is causing its commercial business 'irreparable harm' and is wilfully and intentionally destroying Thomson's customer base. In particular, Thomson is demanding that GMU stop distributing the newer beta–version of Zotero that allegedly allows EndNote's proprietary data format for storing journal citation styles to be converted into an open–standard format readable by Zotero and other software. Thomson claims that Zotero 'reverse engineered or decompiled' not only the format, but also the EndNote software itself. ...

Litigation, which may go to a jury trial, is pending, so judging this case on its legal merits would be premature. But on a more general level, the virtues of interoperability and easy data–sharing among researchers are worth restating. Imagine if Microsoft Word or Excel files could be opened and saved only in these proprietary formats, for example. It would be impossible for OpenOffice and other such software to read and save these files using open standards – as they can legally do.

Competition between open–source and proprietary software is long–running, as personified by the struggle between Windows and Linux for desktop and server operating systems, but also in many branches of software used by scientists. Researchers tend to lean towards open sharing, but they will also pay for added–value features, and it's important that the playing field is level. Ultimately, the customer is king."

(Nature, p.708)

Nature Volume 455, p.708 (9 October 2008) | doi:10.1038/455708a; Published online 8 October 2008, Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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TAGS

2006 • added-value features • authorshipbibliography softwareCenter for History and New MediacitationcopyrightDan Cohen • data format • digital informationEndNoteGeorge Mason Universityinteroperabilityknowledge integrationlawsuitlevel playing fieldLinuxMicrosoft ExcelMicrosoft WindowsMicrosoft WordNature (journal) • open sharing • open sourceopen source filesopen source software • open standard format • open standards • OpenOffice • operating systemorganise and share • OS • ownershipproprietary • proprietary data formats • proprietary formats • proprietary software • researchersreverse engineering • science news • science policy • Sean Takatssoftwaretechnology • Thomson Reuters • trademark infringment • Zotero

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
15 APRIL 2012

Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media

"Since 1994 under the founding direction of Roy Rosenzweig, the Center for History and New Media (CHNM) at George Mason University has used digital media and computer technology to democratize history – to incorporate multiple voices, reach diverse audiences, and encourage popular participation in presenting and preserving the past.

CHNM uses digital media and technology to preserve and present history online, transform scholarship across the humanities, and advance historical education and understanding. Each year CHNM's many project websites receive over 20 million visitors, and over a million people rely on its digital tools to teach, learn, and conduct research."

(Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media)

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TAGS

1994Alfred P. Sloan Foundation • American Council of Learned Societies • American Historical Association • Andrew W. Mellon Foundationarts and humanitiesCenter for History and New Media • CHNM • computer technology • democratisation of history • Department of Education • digital mediadigital toolsdiverse audiences • Florence Gould Foundation • George Mason University • Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation • historical education • history • history online • Institute of Museum and Library Services • Library of Congress • multiple voices • National Endowment for the Humanities • National Humanities Center • new media • popular participation • presenting the past • preservationpreserving the past • Rockefeller Foundation • Roy Rosenzweig • Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media • W. K. Kellogg Foundation • William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
11 FEBRUARY 2012

Zotero: an easy-to-use digital research tool

"Zotero is an easy–to–use yet powerful research tool that helps you gather, organize, and analyze sources (citations, full texts, web pages, images, and other objects), and lets you share the results of your research in a variety of ways. An extension to the popular open–source web browser Firefox, Zotero includes the best parts of older reference manager software (like EndNote) – the ability to store author, title, and publication fields and to export that information as formatted references – and the best parts of modern software and web applications (like iTunes and del.icio.us), such as the ability to interact, tag, and search in advanced ways. Zotero integrates tightly with online resources; it can sense when users are viewing a book, article, or other object on the web, and – on many major research and library sites – find and automatically save the full reference information for the item in the correct fields. Since it lives in the web browser, it can effortlessly transmit information to, and receive information from, other web services and applications; since it runs on one's personal computer, it can also communicate with software running there (such as Microsoft Word). And it can be used offline as well (e.g., on a plane, in an archive without WiFi)."

(Dan Cohen & Sean Takats)

TAGS

aeroplaneaggregating relevant contentAlfred P. Sloan FoundationAndrew W. Mellon Foundationbibliography software • browser extension • Center for History and New MediacitationDan CohenDel.icio.usdigital libraries • digital research tool • easy-to-use • EndNoteFirefox • full text • gather together • George Mason Universityinformation in contextinformation on the webiTunesknowledge integrationknowledge repository • library sites • Microsoft Word • Mozilla Firefox • offline • online archives • online resourcesopen sourceorganise • receive information • reference informationreference managerresearch toolSean Takatssearchshared collectiontaggingtool • United States Institute of Museum and Library Services • web applicationweb browserweb serviceWiFiZotero

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
18 OCTOBER 2009

Center for History and New Media: Research Tools

"Developing publications and applications to define digital humanities for a new generation of scholars, librarians and museum professionals."

(Center for History and New Media)

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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