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27 MAY 2013

HandBrake: open-source video transcoder

"HandBrake is an open–source, GPL–licensed, multiplatform, multithreaded video transcoder, available for MacOS X, Linux and Windows. Convert from many common multimedia file formats, including unprotected DVD or BluRay sources to a handful of modern output file formats."

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TAGS

2003 • batch encoding • batch processing • blu-ray • CODECcompression • decombing • deinterlacing • detelecine • DVDencoderencoding • encoding engine • Eric Petit • file conversion processfile formatGPLH.264 • HandBrake (software) • media formatmedia technology • MediaFork • multiplatform • multithreading • open sourceopen source software • scaling • softwareSourceForgesubtitletechnology • titer • tool • transcode • transcodingvideo encodingvideo mediavideo processingvideo software • video transcoder

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
27 JANUARY 2012

Adorno's ambitions for the constellation

"17. But I am eliciting these implications of Adorno's reservations about Gestalt because what they imply is what Adorno leaves unsaid here, namely the contrast with his ambitions for the constellation. I should caution here that Adorno sometimes uses the word 'constellation' to designate historically given, that is, already familiarized, ideological arrays or Gestalts [for example, Critical Models 138, 260]; my usage henceforth will connote 'constellation' in the sense Adorno valorizes, as a device with the potential to be turned, in somewhat the manner of the Brechtian V–effect, against such familiarizations (though just this dissident potential, of course, is what mid–century avant–gardists were seizing on in Gestalt). And as we'll see, the word's 'antithetical' reversals of meaning are themselves indices of the 'dialectical'–ness of Adorno's immanent critique. We might say that these 'antithetical' meanings––'constellation' as unconscious ideological synthesis versus 'constellation' as consciousness–raising estrangement; 'constellation' as object of critique, or as subject of it––are themselves a kind of constellation implying or encoding, concealing or de–familiarizing a narrative, that of the classic Enlightenment project summarized by Freud in the formula, 'making the unconscious conscious.' Adorno may 'repeat' an over–familiar constellation and then reliquify (or, Medusa–like, petrify) its 'congelations'; or he may present an unfamiliar and even shocking juxtaposition, whose estrangement is to provoke a new and heightened consciousness of the ideological condition in which we are entrapped. The historical image that results, ideological and critical all at once, appropriates the critical force we saw Adorno ascribing to the Benjaminian dialectical image, turning it, immanently, to estranging or defamiliarizing, sc. critical or (Hegel) 'negative' purposes."

(Steven Helmling, 2003)

Steven Helmling (2003). "Constellation and Critique: Adorno's Constellation, Benjamin's Dialectical Image", Postmodern Culture, Volume 14, Number 1, September 2003 | 10.1353/pmc.2003.0030

TAGS

antithetical • avant-garde • avant-gardists • Benjaminian • Bertolt Brecht • Brechtian V-effect • concealing • congelations • consciousconsciousness • consciousness-raising estrangement • constellations • critical force • critical models • critique • de-familiarising • defamiliarising • dialectical • dialectical image • encodingEnlightenment project • estrangement • estranging • familiarisations • Georg Hegelgestalt • gestalts • historical image • historically given • ideological arrays • ideological condition • juxtaposition • making the unconscious • Medusanarrative • object of critique • Sigmund Freud • subject of critique • Theodor Adorno • unconscious ideological synthesis • Walter Benjamin

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
27 FEBRUARY 2011

A working definition of computer-mediated communication

"A working definition of CMC that, pragmatically and in light of the rapidly changing nature of communication technologies, does not specify forms, describes it as 'the process by which people create, exchange, and perceive information using networked telecommunications systems that facilitate encoding, transmitting, and decoding messages' (December, 1996). This seems to encompass both the delivery mechanisms, derived from communication theory, and the importance of the interaction of people that the technologies and processes mediate (Naughton, 2000). It also provides for great flexibility in approaches to researching CMC, as 'studies of cmc can view this process from a variety of interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives by focusing on some combination of people, technology, processes, or effects' (December, 1996)."

(Alexander Romiszowski & Robin Mason, 2004, p.398)

1). David H. Jonassen ed. (2004). 'Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology'. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0805841458.

TAGS

Alexander Romiszowski • CMCcommunicationcommunication technologiescommunication theory • computer mediated contexts • computer-mediated communication (CMC)culturedecoding • delivery • devicedigital cultureencodingICTinformationinteractionmediationmessagenetworked telecommunications systems • Robin Mason • social constructivismsocial interaction • technologies and processes • technology • transmitting

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
19 JANUARY 2011

Encode HD video for Vimeo or YouTube using Adobe Media Encoder

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TAGS

1080i • 1280×720 • 1280x720p • 1440x1080i • 16:9 • 1920x1080i • 25 fps • 29.97 fps • 30 fps • 480 lines • 480i • 50 frames per second • 50 Hz • 576 lines • 576i • 60 Hz • 720 • 720 horizontal scan lines • 720 interlaced lines • 720 pixels of vertical resolution • 720p • 720p HDTV • Adobe Media Encoder • Adobe Media Encoder CS4 • Adobe PremiereAfter Effects • ATSC • AVC • bitrate • bitrate encoding • broadcast standard • CODECcompressionCS4 • display resolution • DVB • encoderencoding • field order • formatFPS • frame rate • frames per second • Full HD • H.264HDHDTVhigh definition videohigh-definition • interlaced • interlaced video • Media Encoder CS4 • media technology • non-interlaced • NTSC • Pal • pixel aspect ratio • progressive scan • progressive scanning • square pixels • standard definition • target bitrate • tutorialvideovideo encoding • video frame • video resolution • VimeoYouTube

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
11 OCTOBER 2009

Watch Video... without Flash

"Dailymotion is excited to launch a new R&D platform dedicated to open video formats and web standards: openvideo.dailymotion.com. You don't need the Adobe Flash plugin to watch videos on this platform - the only requirement is the latest version of Firefox, 3.5 beta."

(Dailymotion Blog, 27 May 2009)

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TAGS

2009Adobe FlashCODEC • Dailymotion • encodingFirefox • H264 • HTMLOgg • ON2 • online videoopen video formats • plugin • R&DTheoravideoVorbis • VP6 • web standards

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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