Not Signed-In
Which clippings match 'Cooperative' keyword pg.1 of 1
17 MARCH 2009

Democracy 2.0: Obama and Citizen Engagement

"For far too long, we've been living in what I've called a broadcast democracy. Voters only count during election time. They have little or no influence in between elections, when the lawmakers and influencers are in charge and citizenry is inert. The 'you vote, I rule' model was all that was possible, until recently.

What the system has lacked until now are mechanisms enabling government to benefit from the wisdom and insight that a nation can collectively offer –– on an ongoing basis. I'm not proposing some kind of direct democracy, where citizens can vote every night on the evening news or Web sites. That would be tantamount to a digital mob.

What I am proposing is a way to allow citizens to contribute ideas to the decision–making process –– to get them engaged in public life. When citizens become active, good things can happen. We all learn from each other. Initiatives get catalyzed. People become active in improving their communities, country and the world. This is long overdue. These days, the policy specialists and advisers on the public–sector payroll can barely keep pace with defining the problems, let alone craft the solutions. Government can't begin to amass the in–house expertise to deal with the myriad challenges that arise. Governments need to create opportunities for sustained dialogue between voters and the elected.

Courtesy of the Internet, public officials can now solicit citizen input at almost no cost, by providing Web–based background information, online discussion, and feedback mechanisms. Government can now involve citizens in setting the policy agenda, which can then be refined on an ongoing basis. Such activity engages and mobilizes citizens, catalyzing real–life initiatives in communities and society as a whole."
(Don Tapscott, March 16, 2009)



Simon Perkins
24 MAY 2008

New Media, New Voters: Online Small Donors and the Future of Democratic Politics

"The financial disclosure reports of the presidential candidates for the year 2007 and January 2008 contain important news for the professional political community: online small donors have arrived in force. After a decade of brilliant flashes, including, most recently, the 'money bomb,' millions sent to Ron Paul, internet fundraising has been turned into a steady flame. In 2008, Barack Osama's campaign received more than one million dollars every day, from a network of givers about to welcome its one millionth member.
It is now beyond dispute that a properly constructed campaign can draw upon the contributions of a great many people in sufficient amounts over a lengthy period of time. It can make itself financially competitive with campaigns relying on the traditional methods of high–roller finance committees, exclusive events, and PAC [political action committee] contributions. The money acquired online still heads mostly to traditional media, especially television. This points to the political Achilles Heel of the internet: a campaign cannot use this new medium effectively to reach people who have not already indicated an interest in its candidate."
(Michael Cornfield, 21/2/2008)


Barack Obamacampaigncollectivecontributioncooperativeelections • fundraising • networknew mediaonlineparticipation • political action committee • power • small donors • television


Simon Perkins
21 JUNE 2005

Multi-Agent Systems: Cooperative Or Selfish Autonomous Entities

Katia Sycara & AAAI
The characteristics of MASs are: (1) each agent has incomplete information or capabilities for solving the problem and, thus, has a limited viewpoint; (2) there is no system global control; (3) data are decentralised; and (4) computation is asynchronous.The study of multi–agent systems (MAS) focuses on systems in which many intelligent agents interact with each other. The agents are considered to be autonomous entities, such as software programmes or robots. Their interactions can be either cooperative or selfish. That is, the agents can share a common goal (e.g. an ant colony), or they can pursue their own interests (as in the free market economy).



AI • American Association for Artificial Intelligence • colonycooperative • DAI • discovery • distributed artificial intelligence • enquiryexperimentationfree market economyinsight • MAS • multi-agent systems • robot • selfish • Sycara • synthetictheory building
20 MAY 2005

Smart Mobs: the next social revolution

"Smart mobs emerge when communication and computing technologies amplify human talents for cooperation. The impacts of smart mob technology already appear to be both beneficial and destructive, used by some of its earliest adopters to support democracy and by others to coordinate terrorist attacks."

(Howard Rheingold)

Rheingold, Howard. 2002 Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution, , : Perseus Publishing. 0738206083.


11 NOVEMBER 2003

3D Virtual Worlds: Active Worlds

New Media Report (8/98)
Virtual communities provide a perfect platform for cooperative work, distributed learning, and for new forms of online shopping and trading.

Active Worlds created by Fire Studios Inc. allows its users to create virtual 3D worlds that others can visit and chat in. AlphaWorld is one of its worlds and is the reportedly the oldest collaborative virtual world on the Internet (started in 1995).



3D • ActiveWorlds • AlphaWorld • cooperativevirtual

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