"Stage one Graphic Design Communication students have been developing a new ornamental display font with highly Individual characters inspired by drawing digitally and laser cut manufactured to the exacting standards reminiscent of a traditional font foundry.
Level tutor Nigel Bents and Associate Lecturer Paul Oakley will further support students by printing typographic posters at the New North Press."
(Graphic Design Communication at Chelsea College of Art and Design, 16 October 2011)
"A short documentary film about letterpress and one of the few remaining movable-type printing workshops in the UK, situated at Plymouth University, featuring Paul Collier."
Fig.1 A film by Danny Cooke dannycooke.co.uk, soundtrack by Tony Higgins tonyhiggins.org.
"The printing process took fifteen days. On December 5th 1945, one month after his first visit to the rue Chabrol studio, Picasso made a wash drawing of a bull. A wonderful bull, very well rendered, sweet, even. Then we printed the proofs - only two or three, making this first state of the bull an extremely rare. One week later he returned and asked for a fresh stone; he made another wash drawing and quill drawing; then he started again on the 18th. For the third state he changed technique, scraping down to the stone and drawing over to accentuate the contours; the bull became a terrible creature, with terrifying horns and eyes. Well, that wouldn't do - Picasso took the composition to the fourth state, on December 22, and then a fifth on December 24. Each time he simplified the drawing; it bacame more and more geometric, with zones of flat black...
He then made the sixth and seventh states (December 26th and 28th), and then four more between January 5th and 17th - eleven in all. The taureau was reduced to its essential form, rendered in a few perfectly placed lines which symbolized this poor bull with his pinhead and ridiculous horns like antennae. The workers all regretted seeing such a magnificent bull transformed bit by bit into a sort of insect.
It was Célestin who finally expressed it: 'Picasso ended up where normally he should have started.' It's true; but in order to achieve his pure and linear rendering of the bull, he had to pass through all of the intermediary stages. And when you stand before his eleventh bull, it's hard to imagine the work that went into it"
(Fernand Mourlot, Gravés dans ma mémoire, Ed. Robert Laffont, 1979)
1). Pablo Picasso, Les 11 états successifs de la lithographie Le Taureau , 1945.
"The Atlas of Early Printing is an interactive site designed to be used as a tool for teaching the early history of printing in Europe during the second half of the fifteenth century. While printing in Asia pre-dates European activity by several hundred years, the rapid expansion of the trade following the discovery of printing in Mainz, Germany around the middle of the fifteenth century is a topic of great importance to the history of European civilization. This website uses Flash to depict the spread of European printing in a manner that allows a user to control dates and other variables.
The inspiration for the site comes from the maps of printing's spread found in Berry and Poole's 1966 book The Annals of Printing, and the well-known maps in Febvre and Martin's L'apparition du livre (The Coming of the Book) from 1958. These sources, and others such as Robert Teichl's map Die Wiegendruck in Kartenbild, depict the spread of printing in Europe largely through a decade by decade progression. The aim of the Atlas of Early Printing is to take this type of information and allow it to be manipulated, while also providing contextual information that visually represents the cultural situation from which printing emerged. Layers can be turned on and off to build a detailed atlas of the culture and commerce of Europe as masters and journeymen printers ventured to new towns and markets seeking support and material for the new art of printing."
(Greg Prickman, Project Manager, University Of Iowa Libraries)
"Another important characteristic of organic transistors is the simplicity of the method used to produce them. Inorganic transistors require massive vacuum systems and complex manufacturing processes. However, most organic materials can be dissolved in organic solvents to create 'inks' that can be used to create circuits simply by printing them under normal atmospheric conditions. Printing technology can also be readily adapted to the production of flexible substrates and large substrates. With the methods used to manufacture conventional inorganic transistors, only a few percent of the materials are actually used. Printing is far more efficient, and by optimizing the method it is possible to achieve usage rates as high as 90%. For this reason, this manufacturing method is also attractive from an environmental perspective. Sony is currently conducting research into the fabrication of organic transistors through printing."
(Sony Corporation, 2009)
1). N. Yoneya, N. Hirai, N. Kawashima, M. Noda, K. Nomoto, M. Wada, J. Kasahara, I. Yagi, K. Tsukagoshi, Y. Aoyagi, Digest of Tech. Papers of AM-LCD 05, 25 (2005).
2). I. Yagi, N. Hirai, M. Noda, A. Imaoka, Y. Miyamoto, N. Yoneya, K. Nomoto, J. Kasahara, A. Yumoto, T.Urabe, Society for Information Display 07 Digest , 1753(2007). Sony press release: http://www.sony.co.jp/SonyInfo/News/Press/200705/07-053/