Not Signed-In
Which clippings match 'Biological Determinism' keyword pg.1 of 1
29 JANUARY 2012

The Empathic Civilisation: our (collective) empathetic consciousness

"Never has the world seemed so completely united–in the form of communication, commerce, and culture–and so savagely torn apart–in the form of war, financial meltdown, global warming, and even the migration of diseases. ...

The human–made environment is rapidly morphing into a global space, yet our existing modes of consciousness are structured for earlier eras of history, which are just as quickly fading away. Humanity, Rifkin argues, finds itself on the cusp of its greatest experiment to date: refashioning human consciousness so that human beings can mutually live and flourish in the new globalizing society…

As the forces of globalization accelerate, deepen, and become ever more complex, the older faith–based and rational forms of consciousness are likely to become stressed, and even dangerous, as they attempt to navigate a world increasingly beyond their reach and control. Indeed, the emergence of this empathetic consciousness has implications for the future that will likely be as profound and far–reaching as when Enlightenment philosophers upended faith–based consciousness with the canon of reason."

(Jeremy Rifkin)

[A noble effort to explain the consequences of post–traditional society framed through a biological deterministic lens.]

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TAGS

biological determinism • blood-ties • civilisationcollective consciousness • collective resources • earlier eras • empathetic consciousness • empathic sociability • empathy • emphatic development • European Enlightenmentevolutionary determinism • evolutionary psychology • evolutionary theoryexistentialismfaith • faith-based consciousness • globalisationglobalising society • globalising world • glocalhuman beingshuman consciousnesshuman narrative • human race • human-made environment • humanity • Jeremy Rifkin • man made • modes of consciousness • narcissismpost-traditionalpost-traditional society • rational forms of consciousness • reductionismreductionist perspectiveRSA Animateselfhoodsocialisationthe past • think globally and act locally

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
23 MAY 2009

Phrenology: an early approach to anatomical science

"[Franz–Joseph Gall (1758–1828)], in his noted work, 'The Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General, and of the Brain in Particular', put forward the Gall, in his noted work, 'The Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General, and of the Brain in Particular', put forward the principles on which he based his doctrine of phrenology,.

Firstly, he believed that man's moral and intellectual faculties are innate and that their manifestation depends on the organization of the brain, which he considered to be the organ responsible for all the propensities, sentiments and faculties.

Secondly, Gall proposed that the brain is composed of many particular 'organs', each one of them related or responsible for a given mental faculty. He proposed also that the relative development of mental faculties in an individual would lead to a growth or larger development in the sub–organs responsible for them.

Finally, Gall proposed that the external form of the cranium reflects the internal form of the brain, and that the relative development of its organs caused changes of form in the skull, which could be used to diagnose the particular mental faculties of a given individual, by doing a proper analysis."
(Renato M.E. Sabbatini)

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TAGS

anatomybiological determinismbodybrain • cerebral localizationism • chartconceptualisationdiagnosis • Franz-Joseph Gall • medicalneuroscienceorgan • phrenology • physical representation • physiologyskull

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
05 OCTOBER 2008

Searchlights on Health: The Science of Eugenics

The rules of social morality and etiquette in Europe in the early part of the 20th century. (pg.97)

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
09 JUNE 2004

The Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

"The Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement is expected to go online in January 2000. Judging from a preview, it's a pretty powerful site, featuring a collection of troubling documents and pictures. There are photos of men arranged as if in a police line–up, which purport to show correlations between the size and shape of one's head and one's intelligence; there is a photo of a young boy just out of diapers who was identified as a likely potential criminal – a determination based on the shape of his face. There are family trees which track alcoholism and idiocy across the generations; and there are photos of the 'fittest families' — who apparently evidenced no undesirable traits.

Up to now, the materials of the eugenics archive, which had been dispersed among several institutions including the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, have remained an obscure body of research, accessible only to scholars. By granting broad access to the archive over the Internet, David Micklos, director of Cold Spring Harbor's DNA Learning Center and chief architect of the eugenics archive, hopes to encourage students and the general public to make a connection between what happened in the early 1900s and events in genetic research that are grabbing headlines today – a connection that could provide an ethical context for some agonizing decisions we face in our personal lives and in society. Clicking through some of the shocking images and articles of the exhibit, I was struck by a disquieting common ground shared by eugenics and today's prenatal genetic testing: a belief that biology is destiny and that science alone can help us overcome it."

(Kristi Coale, 17 November 1999, Salon Media Group, Inc.)

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TAGS

2000 • American Eugenics Movement • American Philosophical Society • American Supreme Court • anecdotal information • athletic prowess • bad heredity • biological determinism • biology is destiny • Carrie Buck • dark underside • David Micklos • demographic information • differential psychology • disabilitydiseaseDNA • Down syndrome • eggethical contexteugenics • eugenics archive • Eugenics Record Office • fashion model • folic acid • forced sterilizationgenetic engineeringgenetic research • hereditary data • hereditary defect • hospital records • house-to-house survey • Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement • immigration laws • improve the human species • inherited disease • institutions for the blind • institutions for the deaf • institutions for the insane • intelligence • IQ test • Ivy League • Kristi Coale • life-altering decision • low intellect • mentally disabled • moron • Paul Lombardo • perfect baby • playing god • police line-up • pregnant woman • prenatal genetic screening • prenatal genetic testing • prison • procreation • Ron Harris • scientific data • shocking images • sperm • sterilise • sterilization laws • survival of the fittest • traits • unfit • University of Virginiause of private information • Vivian Buck • weeding out
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