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Which clippings match 'Commonwealth' keyword pg.2 of 3
16 MARCH 2009

National Archives of Australia: What is television?



Simon Perkins
30 DECEMBER 2008

New Zealand did not have its own constitutional government until 1853

"New Zealand did not have its own constitutional government until 1853, when the Imperial Parliament's New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 was implemented. Until that time, New Zealand was a Crown colony. The power vested in the Crown by the various Acts of Parliament relating to New Zealand was in turn vested in the governor. The colonial secretary issued him with instructions as to how this authority was to be exercised. In a colony with only one governor, none of the executive powers were delegated. He could take advice from subordinates but nothing could be done without his authority. In theory once lieutenant–governors were appointed, as in New Zealand after 1846, they would conduct the administration of their provinces, and certain executive powers would be delegated to them under the supervision of the governor–in–chief.

New Zealand was initially under the adminstration of the New South Wales governor, Sir George Gipps. On 3 May 1841 the country became a Crown colony in its own right and Hobson was elevated from lieutenant–governor to governor. Hobson died on 10 September 1842 after a series of illnesses which left many of his duties to his few officials. His replacement was Captain Robert FitzRoy, governor from 26 December 1843 until 17 November 1845. It was during his term of office that the Otakou purchase was negotiated. The Hobson and FitzRoy administrations were periods of considerable economic and political difficulty. Government was severely under–resourced and under–funded. Tensions between Maori and settlers, and between both races and the Crown remained unresolved. With the appointment of Captain George Grey, backed by Imperial troops and much stronger financial support, the Crown was able to take the initiative."

(The Ngāi Tahu Report 1991, Section 5.2.1, Waitangi Tribunal, Department of Justice, Wellington)



1853 • Aotearoa New ZealandAustraliaCommonwealthconstitution • Crown colony • George Gipps • George Grey • governor • IndigenousMaoriNew South Wales • Ngāi Tahu • NSWOtago • Otakou • race • Robert FitzRoy • settlementSouth IslandTe Tiriti o WaitangitreatyTreaty of WaitangitribevaluesWilliam Hobson


Simon Perkins
18 AUGUST 2006

Musee du Quai Branly: showcasing spoils of a colonial past

"Pendentif Hei Tiki – Le tiki est un motif lié à la figuration humaine et la term heib signifie.

'pendant'. Les hei tiki pouvaient être portés par les hommes et les femmes maoris et se tranmettaient au fil des générations.
Début du 19e siècle, jade, fibres végétales, os"
(Musée du quai Branly, Paris)

[Musee du Quai Branly is a new museum in Paris showcasing indigenous artefacts obtained during France's colonial period. The museum attempts to draw connections between its represented cultures through evoking narratives of difference and progress. Despite this somewhat naïve ethnographic stance the museum goes someway towards representing the vastness and diversity of indigenous knowledge.]



Simon Perkins
26 APRIL 2006

New Zealand is not naive to the great cost of waging war

"The New Zealand war memorials of the First World War have become part of the common fabric of NZ life, like stop signs or lamp–posts. Virtually every township in the country has one, usually in the main street. Excluding the many honours boards and plaques in schools and churches throughout the country, there are well over five hundred public memorials to the soldiers of the Great War."

(Ted Harris: DiggerHistory.Info)

[New Zealand's anti–nuclear stance and recent reluctance to engage in International conflicts has its reasons. Despite it's geographical remoteness it has not escaped the impact of war. The numerous memorials erected throughout it's countryside, in it's cities and it's towns are a testament to this. There are memorials commemorating the New Zealanders that died in: The Boer War; The Great War; The Second World War; The Korean War; The Vietnam/American War as well as more recent conflicts. New Zealand is not naive to the great cost of waging war.]


06 OCTOBER 2005

Controlling Research Activity In Commonwealth Universities

University of Melbourne, Research and Innovation Office
The Australian Government has ... decided to develop a Research Quality Framework (RQF) that will provide a more consistent and comprehensive approach to assessing the quality and impact of publicly funded research. The aim of an RQF is to develop a basis for an improved assessment of the quality and impact of research in universities and publicly funded research agencies (PFRAs) and an effective process to achieve this. An RQF, when developed, could form the basis for future research resource allocation.

The Research Quality Framework (RQF) is Australia's equivalent of the United Kingdom's Research Assessment Exercise (UK RAE), Hong Kong's Research Assessment Exercise (HK RAE) and New Zealand's Performance Based Research Fund (PBRF).


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