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08 JANUARY 2013 tag bundles in 2005 tag bundles "are basically just title headings to help organise your tags ... so it's an alternative to an alphabetical list ... also tags can be kept under multiple headings.

A good future development would be to make these bundle headings tags themselves (also with an RSS feed) ... this way we could subscibe to topic tags or bundle tags as they would be called.

So at the moment tag bundles are for personally organising your tags into groups ... good also to view other people's accounts as their is now some context."

(John Tropea, 13 May 2005, Library clips)



2005 • alphabetical list alternative • association • bundle tags • concept filter • conceptual context • content grouping • Deliciousgroupingintegration • organise your tags • organising your tags • primary node • secondary node • subscibe to topic tags • tag bundle • tag bundle headings tags • tag bundles • tags • title headings


Simon Perkins
28 APRIL 2011

Narrative techniques in medicine: tagging / indexing narratives

"There are a number of ways in which text–based narrative content can be synthesized and analyzed to generate more quantitatively oriented findings. Common approaches involve attaching descriptors like tags (keywords) or indexes (retrieving concepts) or extracting thematic patterns as 'codes' (commonalities). The content author or a researcher can manually code content by looking for recurring ideas or subjects, or use Internet tools to attach tags to narrative content. One system developed by 'Cognitive Edge' applies semi–structured tagging to narrative content to generate 'numerical data with rich context' (Snowden)."

(Eleanor Herriman, p.3–4)

Fig.1 James 's Public Gallery [] 'People broke up into small groups to share personal health care stories. Stephanie Arnet and her daughter, Satwant and Onkar Dhillon and Debbie Miller.'

2). Eleanor Herriman (2008). 'Narrative Techniques in Medicine: Translating Cognitive Sciences into Potent Informatics Instruments', Vol. 3 No. 1 April 2008 Medical Informatics Review, IC Sciences Corp.



analysisannotationclinical medicine • code content • codes • cognitive potency • cognitive profiling • commonalities • Dave Snowden • descriptors • evaluation instruments • evaluation methods • extracting thematic patterns • healthcare • indexes • indices • internet tools • keyword tags • keywords • medical informatics • medicine needs narrative • narrative • narrative as personal expression • narrative as story • narrative content • natural language processingnew technologies • NLP • numerical data with rich context • open-ended questionspersonal narrativesquantitatively oriented findingsrecurring ideas • recurring subjects • researcher • retrieving concepts • semi-structured tagging • storysynthesistaggingtags • text-based narrative content • thematic analysisthematic patterns


Simon Perkins
17 APRIL 2011

Folksonomies: improving tagging technique

"Here are some of the techniques used by professionals:

Universe – knowing the complete vocabulary, so you know what categories are available

Synonyms – that one of the meanins of ultrasound is the same as sonography.

Hierarchy – a Volvo is a kind of car, is a kind of transportation device.

So here are some ideas for how we could improve folksonomy software to make us better at this, without involving any editors.

Suggest tags for me. A Google Suggest–style interface will help familiarize people with the universe of existing tags, so you can use an existing tag rather than invent your own, when the existing tag applies equally well. It would also reduce typos and inconsistencies, like 'blog' vs. 'blogs', and it might serve as inspiration to get past the obvious tags. The pool of tags suggested from could be a weighted list of my own tags, my friends' tags, all tags, and tags other people have already used for this link.

Find synonyms automatically. In the browsing interface, Flickr is pretty good about showing related tags. Why not show these related tags when I am tagging a photo, thus making it easy for me to just add the ones that apply. They could even do a quick lookup on WordNet for more synonyms. Since the related tags in the browsing interface feeds off of tags used on the same images on the input side, this would also help make strong links stronger.

Help me know what tags other people use. When doing both the Google Suggest and the synonyms above, show the most used tags in a larger size than less used tags. There is value in people using the same tag for the same thing, and we want to encourage that, without in any way preventing people from choosing different tag if they want to.

Infer hiearchy from the tags. I have a habit of using multiword tags, so instead of saying 'socialsoftware' like you're supposed to on delicious, I say 'social software', which really makes it two separate tags. That's not necessarily a bad thing, though. If this habit is generally applied, we could look at home many links that are tagged with 'social' are also tagged 'software', and maybe infer that 'social' is frequently used in conjunction with 'software', and thus might imply a special kind of software (or the other way around, that software is a special kind of social), thus offering the combined tag 'social software' to contain links that are tagged with both. A different example would be items tagged 'volvo car'. If most of the time something is tagged 'volvo', it is also tagged 'car', we might infer that volvo is a kind of car.

Make it easy to adjust tags on old content. If the above and other ideas work, people's tagging skills should improve over time. So why not augment the browsing interface so that it's very easy for me to add or remove tags from my iamges or links right there, e.g. from a list of suggested tags on the page, and I'm sure that sometimes, someone would use it. Another incentive to retag my content is if I'm searching for a link on Buenos Aires, but the link wasn't tagged with 'buenosaires', so I find it under 'argentina', say, it should be very easy to add the 'buenosaires' tag to that item."

(Lars Pind, 23 January 2005)


road folksonomies • browsing interfacecategory • conjunction • contentDeliciousFlickrfolksonomy • folksonomy software • Google Suggesthabithierarchyinconsistencies • infer hiearchy • information retrieval • interpersonal information retrieval • intersubjective meaning • link strength • lookup • multiword tags • prompting • related tags • retag • searching • social softwaresoftware • synonym • tag quality • tag suggestion • tagging skills • tags • tags other people • typos • valid tags • vocabulary • WordNet


Simon Perkins
12 FEBRUARY 2010

Mr. Taggy: a cross between a search engine and a recommendation engine

"MrTaggy is an experiment in web search and exploration built on top of a PARC algorithm called TagSearch. Think of MrTaggy as a cross between a search engine and a recommendation engine: it's a web browsing guide constructed from social tagging data.

Unlike most search engines, MrTaggy doesn't index the text on a web page. Instead, it leverages the knowledge contained in the tags that people add to web pages when using social bookmarking services. Tags describe both the content and context of a web page, and we use that information to deliver relevant search results.

The problem with using social tags is that they contain a lot of noise, because people often use different words to mean the same thing or the same words to mean different things. The TagSearch algorithm is part of our ongoing research to reduce the noise while amplifying the information signal from social tags."

(PARC's Augmented Social Cognition Area)



algorithmICTinformation in contextinnovationknowledge-based economymetadata • MrTaggy • PARC • recommendation enginesearchsearch enginesemanticssocial bookmarking • social tagging • social tagging data • social tags • solutiontags • TagSearch • technology • web browsing • web search


Simon Perkins
09 MARCH 2009

Categories and Tags on Document Sharing Websites

"I usually hate being forced to choose a category from a drop down menu. It smacks of technocracy where the system designer is unnecessarily imposing, subtly or not, a narrow view of how data should be described. This clumsily reasserts the unequal relationship between the developer and user. Instead of being empowered to input your own stuff and personalise your profile, a poor uploading experience can leave you feeling like a patronised data entry clerk. I'm also convinced that it's not the cleverest way to organise content
Categories are only descriptions, they are not empty containers compelling somebody to fill them. If there isn't a perfect category available, which is nearly all of the time, you just have to choose the nearest. It's annoying, but common experience."
(Andy Roberts)


categories • categorisationcollectdatadocument sharingedocrfolksonomynormalisationorganisationPDF • social objects • tagstaxonomy • technocracy


Simon Perkins

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