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Which clippings match 'Project Xanadu' keyword pg.1 of 1
11 AUGUST 2009

Hyperland: 1990 fantasy documentary speculating about the future of interactive media

"In this one–hour documentary produced by the BBC in 1990, Douglas falls asleep in front of a television and dreams about future time when he may be allowed to play a more active role in the information he chooses to digest. A software agent, Tom (played by Tom Baker), guides Douglas around a multimedia information landscape, examining (then) cuttting–edge research by the SF Multimedia Lab and NASA Ames research center, and encountering hypermedia visionaries such as Vannevar Bush and Ted Nelson. Looking back now, it's interesting to see how much he got right and how much he didn't: these days, no one's heard of the SF Multimedia Lab, and his super–high–tech portrayal of VR in 2005 could be outdone by a modern PC with a 3D card. However, these are just minor niggles when you consider how much more popular the technologies in question have become than anyone could have predicted – for while Douglas was creating Hyperland, a student at CERN in Switzerland was working on a little hypertext project he called the World Wide Web..."
(douglasadams.com)

Adams, D. N. (1990). Hyperland. UK, BBC Two: 50 minutes.

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
14 JANUARY 2009

The Project Xanadu: Returning to The Original View

"The earliest published design for computer hypertext was a 1965 ACM article (peer–reviewed) which canonically defined our work [0]. One of the authors (Nelson) presented a sweeping view of hypertext as visibly cross–connected by two–way links and transclusions* (illustration from that article reprinted).

* I define 'transclusion' as 'the same content knowably in more than one place'; therefore, any presentation which indicates the identity or origins of media content. There are other meanings of 'transclusion' which are special cases. For instance, 'transdelivery' means bringing content from elsewhere, 'transquotation' means explicit quotation which remains connnected to its origins. Vannevar Bush's famous 'trails,' described in 1945 [1], were transclusions, not links."
(Theodor Holm Nelson and Robert Adamson Smith)

0). Theodor H. Nelson, "A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing and the Indeterminate." Proceedings of the ACM 20th National Conference (1965), pp. 84–100.

1). Vannevar Bush, "As We May Think." Atlantic Monthly, July 1945; on line at elsewhere.

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TAGS

1965ACM • As We May Think • hyperlinkhypertext systeminfluential workspioneeringProject Xanaduquotation • Robert Adamson Smith • seminaltechnologyTed NelsonTheodor Holm Nelson • transclusion • transdelivery • transquotation • Vannevar Bush

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
14 SEPTEMBER 2008

A body of literature is a system of interconnected writings

"A [body of] literature is a system of interconnected writings. We do not offer this as our definition, but as a discovered fact. And almost all writing is part of some literature.

These interconnections do not exist on paper except in rudimentary form, and we have tended not to be aware of them. We see individual documents but not the literature, just as people see other individuals but tend not to see the society or culture that surround them.

The way people read and write is based in large part on these interconnections.

A person reads an article. He or she says to himself or herself, 'Where have I seen something like that before? Oh, yes' –– and the previous connection is brought mentally into play."
(Ted Nelson)

Literary MACHINES 1980 bis 1987, by Theodor Holm NELSON ISBN 0–893467–056–2

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TAGS

hypertext • interconnections • intertwingled • intertwingularitylink • Literary Machines • literatureProject XanadureferenceTed NelsonTheodor Holm Nelson

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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