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Which clippings match 'Interdisciplinary Approach' keyword pg.1 of 1
16 MARCH 2017

Education reform: teaching to topic rather than by subject

"Finland is about to embark on one of the most radical education reform programmes ever undertaken by a nation state – scrapping traditional 'teaching by subject' in favour of 'teaching by topic'.

'This is going to be a big change in education in Finland that we’re just beginning,' said Liisa Pohjolainen, who is in charge of youth and adult education in Helsinki – the capital city at the forefront of the reform programme. ...

Subject-specific lessons – an hour of history in the morning, an hour of geography in the afternoon – are already being phased out for 16-year-olds in the city’s upper schools. They are being replaced by what the Finns call 'phenomenon' teaching – or teaching by topic. For instance, a teenager studying a vocational course might take 'cafeteria services' lessons, which would include elements of maths, languages (to help serve foreign customers), writing skills and communication skills.

More academic pupils would be taught cross-subject topics such as the European Union - which would merge elements of economics, history (of the countries involved), languages and geography.

There are other changes too, not least to the traditional format that sees rows of pupils sitting passively in front of their teacher, listening to lessons or waiting to be questioned. Instead there will be a more collaborative approach, with pupils working in smaller groups to solve problems while improving their communication skills. ...

Finnish schools are obliged to introduce a period of 'phenomenon-based teaching' at least once a year. These projects can last several weeks. In Helsinki, they are pushing the reforms at a faster pace with schools encouraged to set aside two periods during the year for adopting the new approach. Ms Kyllonen’s blueprint, to be published later this month, envisages the reforms will be in place across all Finnish schools by 2020."

(Richard Garner, Friday 20 March 2015,



2020applied knowledge • collaborate in classroom teaching • collaboration and learning • collaborative approach • collaborative learning model • cross-subject topics • disciplinary model • disciplinary singulars • education reformeducational modelexemplary modelsFinland • Finnish school system • group workintegrated approachesintegrated curriculuminterdisciplinarityinterdisciplinary approach • Liisa Pohjolainen • phenomenon teaching • phenomenon-based teaching • problem oriented learning model • radical education reform • reform programme • regionalisation of knowledge • school reform • school subjects • school system • student-centred learning (SCL) • subject-specific lessons • teaching by topic • traditional format


Simon Perkins
19 OCTOBER 2016

John Stezaker: Resonating Nostalgic Lyricism

"In an image-saturated world, British collage artist John Stezaker rather creates more with less. Cutting up yesterday photographs, subtracting pieces, and juxtaposing faces, he transforms forgotten photographs and postcards into symbolic portraiture of modernism. Stezaker's artistic interests in examining hidden relations between images have bestowed international success and recognition upon him and his collage art. had a precious opportunity to speak with the artist at his exhibition in Berlin's Capitain Petzel Gallery."



2014artist • artistic interests • Ashkan Honarvar • Astrid Klein • Beni Bischof • BerlinBeth Hoeckel • Brandi Strickland • Capitain Petzel Gallery • Charles Wilkin • collagecollage art • collage artist • cross-media approach • cut-up • cutting-up • Dennis Busch • digital culture • Dominic McGill • Eva Eun-sil Han • forgotten photographs • Geoff Kim • • image-saturated world • interdisciplinary approach • James Gallagher • Jesse Draxler • John Stezaker • John Vincent Aranda • Jordan Clark • Jose Romussi • Julia Busch • juxtaposing faces • Katrien de Blauwer • Kerstin Stephan • Leigh Wells • Liam Crockard • Linder Sterling • Luis Dourado • material modes of engagementmaterial practicemateriality of artefacts • Matthieu Bourel • Max-o-matic • modernism • Nathaniel Whitcomb • Nils Karsten • Noa Giniger • postcards • Ruth van Beek • Sergei Sviatchenko • subtracting pieces • symbolic portraiture • The Age of Collage • Virginia Echeverria


Simon Perkins

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