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Which clippings match 'Circuit' keyword pg.1 of 1
07 JUNE 2015

Ferdinand de Saussure: Place of Language in the Facts of Speech

"In order to separate from the whole of speech the part that belongs to language, we must examine the individual act from which the speaking-circuit can be reconstructed. The act requires the presence of at least two persons; that is the minimum number necessary to complete the circuit. Suppose that two people, A and B, are conversing with each other [see figure 1 below].

Suppose that the opening of the circuit is in A's brain, where mental facts (concepts) are associated with representations of the linguistic sounds (sound-images) that are used for their expression. A given concept unlocks a corresponding sound-image in the brain; this purely psychological phenomenon is followed in turn by a physiological process: the brain transmits an impulse corresponding to the image to the organs used in producing sounds. Then the sound waves travel from the mouth of A to the ear of B: a purely physical process. Next, the circuit continues in B, but the order is reversed: from the ear to the brain, the physiological transmission of the sound-image; in the brain, the psychological association of the image with the corresponding concept. If B then speaks, the new act will follow-from his brain to A's-exactly the same course as the first act and pass through the same successive phases, which I shall diagram as follows [see figure 2 below].

The preceding analysis does not purport to be complete. We might also single out the pure acoustical sensation, the identification of that sensation with the latent sound-image, the muscular image of phonation, etc. I have included only the elements thought to be essential, but the drawing brings out at a glance the distinction between the physical (sound waves), physiological (phonation and audition), and psychological parts (word-images and concepts). Indeed, we should not fail to note that the word-image stands apart from the sound itself and that it is just as psychological as the concept which is associated with it. "

(Ferdinand de Saussure, Charles Bally, Albert Sechehaye, Albert Riedlinger, Wade Baskin, p.11, 12)

Ferdinand de Saussure, Charles Bally, Albert Sechehaye, Albert Riedlinger, Wade Baskin (1966). "Course in General Linguistics", McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York Toronto London.

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TAGS

1966 • acoustical sensation • Albert Riedlinger • Albert Sechehaye • audition (linguistics) • audition phonation circuit • brain • Charles Bally • circuitcommunication processcommunication theory • Course in General Linguistics (1966) • dialogic • ear • Ferdinand de Saussurehuman expressionimagelanguagelinguistic philosophy • linguistic sounds • linguistics • mental facts (concepts) • messagemodel of communicationmouth • muscular image of phonation • phonation (linguistics) • phonation and audition • physiological process • physiological transmission • psychological association • psychological phenomenon • sound waves • sound-image • speaking-circuit • speechtheory of communication • Wade Baskin • word-image

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
16 OCTOBER 2014

Circuit Scribe: rollerball pen that writes with conductive silver ink

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2014 • Analisa Russo • Arduino • Bok Yeop Ahn • breadboard • Brett Walker • circuit • circuit building • circuit diagram • Circuit Scribe • clear box (engineering) • colloidal silver ink • conductive ink • conductive silver ink • DIY electronics • electronic circuitry • electronic components • electronics • Electroninks Incorporated • Eric Rosenbaum • KickstarterMaKey MaKeypen and inkprinted circuit board • rollerball pen • schematic diagram • schematic sketches • science educationUniversity of Illinoiswomen in technology • working prototype • working prototypes

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
11 MARCH 2011

Marshall McLuhan predicts 'world connectivity'

"We waste too much time racing from home to office, says Marshall McLuhan, an English professor at the University of Toronto who's becoming known internationally for his study on the effects of media. Society's obsession with files and folders forces office workers to make the daily commute from the suburbs to downtown. McLuhan says the stockbroker is the smart one. He learned some time ago that most business may be conducted from anywhere if done by phone. McLuhan's prescient knowledge: In the future, people will no longer only gather in classrooms to learn but will also be moved by 'electronic circuitry.'"

(Marshall McLuhan, 1965)

Medium: Television; Programme: CBC Television: Take 30; Broadcast Date: April 1, 1965; Hosts: George Garlock, Paul Soles; Guest(s): Marshall McLuhan; Duration: 3:25

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
15 JUNE 2009

Scientific Eye: Investigating electromagnets

"This activity involves an investigation which can be used to gain experience of a graph–drawing package and to reinforce and develop analytical and evaluation skills. Information is given about an experiment to measure the strength of electromagnets with different numbers of coils and using different numbers of cells to produce different currents.

Two students, Assief and Maria, were asked to investigate the factors that affect the strength of an electromagnet.

Look at these pictures of the items Assief and Maria could use. Draw a circuit diagram to show how you would assemble them to carry out this investigation."
(Espresso Education Ltd)

[An example of a teach guides provided by 'Channel 4 Learning' aimed at primary and secondary school children.]

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TAGS

4Learning • analytical skills • Channel 4 Learning • circuitcircuit diagramcurriculumdiscoveryeducational resource • electromagnet • enquiry • Espresso Education • evaluation skillsmagnetismpedagogy • physical processes • physics • Resources4Learning • sciencescience education • science experiment • teachingUK

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
02 JANUARY 2004

Deleuze: Actual And Virtual

"The crystal–image has these two aspects: internal limit of all the relative circuits, but also outer–most, variable and reshapable envelope, at the edges of the world, beyond even moments of world. The little crystalline seed and the vast crystallizable universe: everything is included in the capacity for expansion of the collection constituted by the seed and the universe. Memories, dreams, even worlds are only apparent relative circuits which depend on the variations of this Whole. They are degrees or modes of actualization which are spread out between these two extremes of the actual and the virtual: the actual and its virtual on the small circuit, expanding virtualities in the deep circuits. And it is from the inside that the small internal circuit makes contact with the deep ones, directly, through the merely relative circuits.What constitutes the crystal–image is the most fundamental operation of time: since the past is constituted not after the present that it was but at the same time, time has to split itself in two at each moment as present and past, which differ from each other in nature, or, what amounts to the same thing, it has to split the present in two heterogeneous directions, one of which is launched towards the future while the other falls into the past." Time has to split at the same time as it sets itself out or unrolls itself: it splits in two dissymmetrical jets, one of which makes all the present pass on, while the other preserves all the past. Time consists of this split, and it is this, it is time, that we see in the crystal. The crystal–image was not time, but we see time in the crystal. We see in the crystal the perpetual foundation of time, non–chronological time, Cronos and not Chronos. This is the powerful, non–organic Life which grips the world."
(Gilles Deleuze p.80–81. 1989)

Gilles Deleuze, 1989.Cinema 2: The Time Image. University of Minnesota Press.

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TAGS

actualisation • chronologicalcircuitcollectioncrystal • crystal-image • dreamGilles DeleuzeHenri Bergsonheterogeneousmemory • mode • pastpresentseedteleologytimeuniversevirtualvirtuality
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