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30 OCTOBER 2015

Science and Islam: The Islamic Golden Age

"Physicist Jim Al-Khalili travels through Syria, Iran, Tunisia and Spain to tell the story of the great leap in scientific knowledge that took place in the Islamic world between the 8th and 14th centuries. Its legacy is tangible, with terms like algebra, algorithm and alkali all being Arabic in origin and at the very heart of modern science – there would be no modern mathematics or physics without algebra, no computers without algorithms and no chemistry without alkalis.

He discovers how medieval Islamic scholars helped turn the magical and occult practice of alchemy into modern chemistry and argues that these scholars are among the first people to insist that all scientific theories are backed up by careful experimental observation, bringing a rigour to science that didn’t really exist before."

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14th century2009 • 8th century • Abbasid Caliphate • Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali • Abu Nasr Muhammad al-Farabi • Al-Farabi • Al-Khwarizmi • Al-Muallim Al-Thani • algebraalgorithm • alkali • Amira Bennison • Ancient GreekArabic scienceastronomy • Averroes • BaghdadBBC Four • Canon of Medicine • chemistry • early medicine • fundamental research • geometry • George Saliba • Greek culture • Greek geometry • Greek mathematics • history of ideashistory of scholarshiphistory of science • House of Wisdom in Baghdad • Ian Stewart • Ibn Arabi • Ibn Khaldun • Ibn Rushd • Ibn Sina • India • Indian texts • Iran • Islamic design • Islamic geometric design • Islamic Golden Age • Islamic mathematics • Islamic patterns • Islamic science • Islamic world • Jim Al-Khalili • language translation • mathematical elegance • medieval Islamic civilisation • medieval Islamic science • middle ages • Muslim territories • Nader El-Bizri • Okasha El Daly • outward-looking culture • patronage • Persian texts • personal journey • Peter Pormann • pioneering engineering • pioneering mathematics • pioneering science • progressive societyrenaissance • repeated geometrical shapes • science and Islam • Science and Islam (2009) • scientific knowledge • Simon Schaffer • SpainSyriatelevision documentary • Thabit ibn Qurrah • The Sabian • The Translation Movement • trigonometry • TunisiaTurkey

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
16 APRIL 2013

SCALE-UP: solving the shortcomings in traditional physics instruction

"Studio/workshop classes such as SCALE–UP (Student–Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs) give instructors another choice by replacing the lecture/laboratory format with 4–6 hours of activity–based instruction per week, typically in 2–hour blocks. This format has several advantages over the traditional lecture/laboratory format. Because the entire class is taught in the same room with the same students and instructors in each class, all activities, including laboratory experiments, can be arranged to build on one another in sequence for greater learning impact (14) than when some activities are taught in small sections running parallel to the lecture course. When a lab section is taught as a separate course, it is often weeks or at best a few days ahead of or behind the lecture, and for some students, the lab course is not even taken in the same term as the lecture. Additionally, even in an interactive lecture, students can avoid instructors by hiding in the middle of the row, away from the aisles. In the studio format, instructors can freely circulate and interact with any group at any time."

(Robert Beichner and Jeffery Saul)

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active learningactivity-based instructionactivity-based learning designs • American Association for the Advancement of Science • biologychemistryclassesclassroom • conceptual understanding • curriculum development • faculty interactions • faculty membershands-on activities • hands-on experiments • instructional materials • interactive lecture activities • interactive lecture demonstrations • interactive lectures • introductory curricula • laboratory • laboratory experiments • large classes • learning and teaching • lecture course • lecture/laboratory formatpedagogic approachespedagogic practices • pedagogic support • peer instruction • PER • physics • Physics Education Research • physics instruction • physics tutor • recitation • SCALE-UP • SCALE-UP project • small classes • STEM subjects • Student-Centred Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programmes • studio approach • studio/workshop classes • teaching methodstraditional practices

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
14 NOVEMBER 2010

MIT OpenCourseWare: free online course materials

"MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a web–based publication of virtually all MIT course content. OCW is open and available to the world and is a permanent MIT activity."

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

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2002academic community • aeronautics • anthropologyarchitecture • astronautics • athletics • atmospheric sciences • audienceauthorship • biological engineering • biologybrain sciencechemical engineeringchemistrycivil engineeringcognitive science • comparative media studies • computer sciencecoursewaredisseminatione-learningearth scienceseconomicseducational mediaelectrical engineeringengineering • engineering systems division • environmental engineering • foreign languages • foreign literature • gender studies • health sciences and technology • history • humanistic studies • initiativeiTunes UlecturelinguisticsliteraturemanagementMassachusetts Institute of Technologymaterials sciencemathematicsmechanical engineeringmedia artsmedia studiesMIT • MIT course content • MIT OpenCourseWaremusic arts • nuclear science • OCWonline lecturesopenphilosophy • physical education • physical recreation • physics • planetary sciences • political sciencepublishingrepositoryresourcescholarshipscienceteaching materials • technology and society • theatre artsurban planningurban studiesVLEweb-based publication • writing studies

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
11 OCTOBER 2009

They Might Be Giants: Meet the Elements

"Tiny Inventions. Features vocals by Robin Goldwasser and horn arrangement by Dan "The Machine" Levine. From TMBGs new DVD/CD set Here Comes Science."

(ParticleMen, 24 August 2009)

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animated information graphicsanimationchemistry • Dan Levine • datadesigndiagrameducation • electric car • environmentgreen • Here Comes Science • illustration to visually communicate informationinformation aestheticsinformation graphicsmusic videonaive stylepaperpedagogyperiodic tableperiodic table of elements • Robin Goldwasser • sciencescience educationscientific conceptssustainabilityteaching • They Might Be Giants • Tiny Inventions • TMBG • visual representations of scientific conceptsvisualisation

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
11 MARCH 2005

Jellyfish Protein: Rollable Displays

Kimberly Patch, Technology Research New
A group of researchers is working with a fluorescent protein, or chromophore found in jellyfish in order to create better materials for LEDs. [...]The jellyfish protein is a cleverly put together molecule, said Mark Thompson, a chemistry professor at the University of Southern California. "The structure of the protein itself is a barrel like structure and the middle of the barrel is the emitter."Because the part of the molecule that emits light is contained within the base molecule of the protein, changing the molecule in order to tune the color doesn't affect the emitter, said Thompson. "The thing that's neat about it is what were doing to tune color is just adding appendages to the outside the molecule. We can go through the whole visible spectrum with the same core –– the same central part of the molecule," he said.

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chemistrydisplay • fluorescent protein • jellyfishLEDmolecule • Polymer Vision • Thompson
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