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Which clippings match 'Pioneers In Computer Science' keyword pg.1 of 1
13 OCTOBER 2015

Calculating Ada The Countess of Computers

"Ada Lovelace was a most unlikely computer pioneer. In this film, Dr Hannah Fry tells the story of Ada's remarkable life. Born in the early 19th century Ada was a countess of the realm, a scandalous socialite and an 'enchantress of numbers'. The film is an enthralling tale of how a life infused with brilliance, but blighted by illness and gambling addiction, helped give rise to the modern era of computing.

Hannah traces Ada's unlikely union with the father of computers, Charles Babbage. Babbage designed the world's first steam-powered computers - most famously the analytical engine - but it was Ada who realised the full potential of these new machines. During her own lifetime Ada was most famous for being the daughter of romantic poet Lord Byron ('mad, bad and dangerous to know'). It was only with the advent of modern computing that Ada's understanding of their flexibility and power (that they could be far more than mere number crunchers) was recognised as truly visionary. Hannah explores how Ada's unique inheritance - poetic imagination and rational logic - made her the ideal prophet of the digital age."





19th century • Ada Lovelace • analytical engine • BBC Fourcalculator • Charles Babbage • computer age • computer pioneer • computing history • countess • difference engine • difference equations • differential equations • finite-difference methods (FDM) • flexibility and power • Hannah Fry • history of computation • history of computingJacquard loom • Lord Byron • mechanical bird • modern computing • number crunching • numerical methods • pioneering womenpioneers in computer science • poetic imagination • poetical science • punch cards • rational logic • scientific age • steam-powered computer • thinking machines • Victorian engineering • visionarywomen in technologywomen programmers


Simon Perkins

Four women share stories from UK computing's early days

"In three clips from past interviews, Joyce Wheeler and Margaret Marrs talk about their time using EDSAC at Cambridge, and Mary Coombs tells of programming LEO, the world's first business computer. And in a fourth brand new film, Dame Stephanie Shirley shares her extraordinary tale of founding Freelance Programmers, one of the UK's first software startups."

(Lynette Webb, 5 September 2013, Google Europe Blog)



19591962 • business computer • business womencomputer history • computing heritage • computing history • computing industry • Dina St Johnston • EDSAC • electronic computer • Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC) • Freelance Programmers (IT firm) • gender equalityGoogle (GOOG) • Google Europe Blog • history of computing • home office • home working • inspirational stories • Joyce Wheeler • kindertransport • Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) • Margaret Marrs • Mary Coombs • pioneering womenpioneers in computer science • Stephanie Shirley • University of Cambridge • Vaughan Programming Services (IT firm) • women and technologywomen in businesswomen in leadership positionswomen in technologywomen programmers • working from home


Simon Perkins
03 JANUARY 2004

Virtual Reality: Computer Science Pioneers

Grau. p.161–186 Virtual Art
Milstones: an incomplete history:
1945 – Vannevar Bush: As We May Think;
1948 – Norbert Wiener;
1950 – Alan Turing;
1960 – J. C. R. Licklider: Symbiosis;.
1963 – Ivan E. Sutherland (supervised by Claude Shannon): Sketchpad;
1963 – Ivan E. Sutherland: ultimate computer display;
1966 – Ivan E. Sutherland (with student Bob Sproull): head–mounted display;
1968 – Ivan E. Sutherland: computer–aided head–mounted display;
1970 – Myron Krueger: interactive computer images;
1970 – Nicolas Negroponte: declared goal to combine visual capabilities of film with computer processing;
1972 – Nicolas Negroponte: The Architecture Machine;
mid 1970's – Ivan E. Sutherland, Tom Furness, Scott Fisher: stereo optical apparatus;
1976 – MIT Arichecture Machine Group: spatial/hierarchical, distribution of data;
1980's – Xerox PARC: graphical user interface/desktop metaphor;
1982 – Thomas Zimmerman: data glove;
1988 – Scott Fisher, Elisabeth Wenzel: spatiovirtual sound.


Alan Turing • Bob Sproull • Claude Shannoncomputer science • data glove • Elisabeth Wenzel • hierarchical • HMD • Ivan Sutherland • Joseph Licklider • Myron Krueger • Nicolas Negroponte • Norbert Wienerpioneers in computer scienceScott Fisher • spatiovirtual sound • Thomas Zimmerman • Tom Furness • Vannevar Bushvirtualvirtual reality

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