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(Oxbridge Solutions Ltd., UK)
"[Franz–Joseph Gall (1758–1828)], in his noted work, 'The Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General, and of the Brain in Particular', put forward the Gall, in his noted work, 'The Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General, and of the Brain in Particular', put forward the principles on which he based his doctrine of phrenology,.
Firstly, he believed that man's moral and intellectual faculties are innate and that their manifestation depends on the organization of the brain, which he considered to be the organ responsible for all the propensities, sentiments and faculties.
Secondly, Gall proposed that the brain is composed of many particular 'organs', each one of them related or responsible for a given mental faculty. He proposed also that the relative development of mental faculties in an individual would lead to a growth or larger development in the sub–organs responsible for them.
Finally, Gall proposed that the external form of the cranium reflects the internal form of the brain, and that the relative development of its organs caused changes of form in the skull, which could be used to diagnose the particular mental faculties of a given individual, by doing a proper analysis."
(Renato M.E. Sabbatini)
"A research team at UC Berkeley is developing a technology that will enable anyone, anywhere in the world, to diagnose malaria with just a cell phone and a special microscope.
The cell phone microscope, called a CellScope, is designed to uncouple the need for a physician to be in the same place as a patient, allowing those who lack the benefits of health care to be properly diagnosed. A diagnosis is performed by putting a slide containing a blood or tissue sample on the Cell Scope. A ring of bright LEDs illuminates the sample, and if faint blue dots appear, the patient is positive for malaria. The image can then be transmitted to medical experts for analysis and recommendations."
(Wired.com, 19 May 2008)
"Recent years have witnessed the birth of a new paradigm for learning environments: animated pedagogical agents. These lifelike autonomous characters cohabit learning environments with students to create rich, face–to–face learning interactions. This opens up exciting new possibilities; for example, agents can demonstrate complex tasks, employ locomotion and gesture to focus students' attention on the most salient aspect of the task at hand, and convey emotional responses to the tutorial situation. Animated pedagogical agents offer great promise for broadening the bandwidth of tutorial communication and increasing learning environments' ability to engage and motivate students. This article sets forth the motivations behind animated pedagogical agents, describes the key capabilities they offer, and discusses the technical issues they raise. The discussion is illustrated with descriptions of a number of animated agents that represent the current state of the art."
(W. Lewis Johnson and Jeff W. Rickel)
"The Online counselling: Client outcomes (OcCo) is a project developed at Queensland University of Technology (QUT), and funded by the Australian Research Council (2004–2005). The project involves the research and creation of counselling framework in the form of online visual counselling tools. The framework has been developed at QUT and introduces a number of unique components that changes the way online counselling is conducted in an online environment. The tools have been designed to be client–centred, strengths–based, narrative and solution–focussed. One feature of the tools is their ability to enable young people to communicate their concerns to a counsellor. The tools allows them to present their concerns in a visual manner using interactive sociograms (relationship mapping), genograms (family mapping) and life events charts (self mapping). This brings one of the fundamental principles of traditional counselling – exploration of relationships – into the graphical online environment."