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Which clippings match 'Ethical Context' keyword pg.1 of 1
09 JUNE 2004

The Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

"The Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement is expected to go online in January 2000. Judging from a preview, it's a pretty powerful site, featuring a collection of troubling documents and pictures. There are photos of men arranged as if in a police line–up, which purport to show correlations between the size and shape of one's head and one's intelligence; there is a photo of a young boy just out of diapers who was identified as a likely potential criminal – a determination based on the shape of his face. There are family trees which track alcoholism and idiocy across the generations; and there are photos of the 'fittest families' — who apparently evidenced no undesirable traits.

Up to now, the materials of the eugenics archive, which had been dispersed among several institutions including the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, have remained an obscure body of research, accessible only to scholars. By granting broad access to the archive over the Internet, David Micklos, director of Cold Spring Harbor's DNA Learning Center and chief architect of the eugenics archive, hopes to encourage students and the general public to make a connection between what happened in the early 1900s and events in genetic research that are grabbing headlines today – a connection that could provide an ethical context for some agonizing decisions we face in our personal lives and in society. Clicking through some of the shocking images and articles of the exhibit, I was struck by a disquieting common ground shared by eugenics and today's prenatal genetic testing: a belief that biology is destiny and that science alone can help us overcome it."

(Kristi Coale, 17 November 1999, Salon Media Group, Inc.)

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TAGS

2000 • American Eugenics Movement • American Philosophical Society • American Supreme Court • anecdotal information • athletic prowess • bad heredity • biological determinism • biology is destiny • Carrie Buck • dark underside • David Micklos • demographic information • differential psychology • disabilitydiseaseDNA • Down syndrome • eggethical contexteugenics • eugenics archive • Eugenics Record Office • fashion model • folic acid • forced sterilizationgenetic engineeringgenetic research • hereditary data • hereditary defect • hospital records • house-to-house survey • Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement • immigration laws • improve the human species • inherited disease • institutions for the blind • institutions for the deaf • institutions for the insane • intelligence • IQ test • Ivy League • Kristi Coale • life-altering decision • low intellect • mentally disabled • moron • Paul Lombardo • perfect baby • playing god • police line-up • pregnant woman • prenatal genetic screening • prenatal genetic testing • prison • procreation • Ron Harris • scientific data • shocking images • sperm • sterilise • sterilization laws • survival of the fittest • traits • unfit • University of Virginiause of private information • Vivian Buck • weeding out
09 NOVEMBER 2003

Minority Report: pre-crime and information integrity

"In futuristic Washington, D.C., a system is established that can accurately predict when criminals are going to commit murder or violent crimes. This system, known as 'Pre–Crime', was set up by the respectable Lamar Burgess (Max von Sydow) and uses the abilities of a set of 3 special individuals known as 'Pre–Cogs'. These individuals, through visions or dreams, can see into the future and give a prediction of when a violent crime will occur, usually accurate to the second.

However, John Anderton (Tom Cruise), the head of 'Pre–Crime', is envisioned to have committed the future murder of a man he has never met before, and before he can be apprehended, he sets out headstrong to solve the mystery of this murder before it inevitably happens. As precious time ticks away, and consistencies with the 'pre–cog' visions become more and more prevalent, Anderton realises that the only way he will be able to solve the mystery, is to get the 'minority report' from the female pre–cog Agatha (Samantha Morton).

The 'minority report' is a vision that only one of the pre–cogs can see. In the system, all 3 pre–cogs see the same vision the vast majority of the time, however, on occasion, the female Agatha, who has been found to be the most talented of the 3, sees something different than the other 2, but this is usually disregarded in order to preserve the credibility of the system."

(Kim Bartlett)

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TAGS

2002authority • clairvoyance • controlcrime fictiondatadisciplineethical contextextrasensory perceptionfuturisticgesture devicehaptic interface • information integrity • lawMax von SydowMinority Reportmonitoringmulti-touch screenpanopticon • parapsychological phenomena • Philip K. Dick • pre-cog • pre-crime • pre-visualisation • predict • prisonprisoner • psychic detective • punishmentregulation • Samantha Morton • sci-fispeculative designSteven Spielberg • Tom Cruise • truthvisualisation
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