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Which clippings match 'Survival Of The Fittest' keyword pg.1 of 1
15 APRIL 2014

Computer simulated evolution of virtual creatures (1994)

"This narrated computer animation shows results from a research project involving simulated Darwinian evolutions of virtual block creatures. A population of several hundred creatures is created within a supercomputer, and each creature is tested for their ability to perform a given task, such the ability to swim in a simulated water environment. The successful survive, and their virtual genes containing coded instructions for their growth, are copied, combined, and mutated to make offspring for a new population. The new creatures are again tested, and some may be improvements on their parents. As this cycle of variation and selection continues, creatures with more and more successful behaviors can emerge.

The creatures shown are results the final products from many independent simulations in which they were selected for swimming, walking, jumping, following, and competing for control of a green cube."

(Karl Sims, Internet Archive)



1994animal locomotion • artificial evolution • artificial life • coded instructions • competing for control • computer animationcomputer graphicscomputer simulation • evolutionary biology • evolutionary changesevolutionary determinismevolutionary theoryflappinggenetic artgenetic evolutiongeometric formsInternet Archive • Karl Sims • life formlocomotionmechanical beingmutation • natural selection • new forms of life • offspring • organismprimitive logicresearch projectSIGGRAPHsimulated environment • successful behaviours • supercomputer • survival of the fittestswimmingsynthetic biologysynthetic-life • variation and selection • virtual creatures • virtual genes • walking


Simon Perkins
09 JUNE 2004

The Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

"The Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement is expected to go online in January 2000. Judging from a preview, it's a pretty powerful site, featuring a collection of troubling documents and pictures. There are photos of men arranged as if in a police line–up, which purport to show correlations between the size and shape of one's head and one's intelligence; there is a photo of a young boy just out of diapers who was identified as a likely potential criminal – a determination based on the shape of his face. There are family trees which track alcoholism and idiocy across the generations; and there are photos of the 'fittest families' — who apparently evidenced no undesirable traits.

Up to now, the materials of the eugenics archive, which had been dispersed among several institutions including the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, have remained an obscure body of research, accessible only to scholars. By granting broad access to the archive over the Internet, David Micklos, director of Cold Spring Harbor's DNA Learning Center and chief architect of the eugenics archive, hopes to encourage students and the general public to make a connection between what happened in the early 1900s and events in genetic research that are grabbing headlines today – a connection that could provide an ethical context for some agonizing decisions we face in our personal lives and in society. Clicking through some of the shocking images and articles of the exhibit, I was struck by a disquieting common ground shared by eugenics and today's prenatal genetic testing: a belief that biology is destiny and that science alone can help us overcome it."

(Kristi Coale, 17 November 1999, Salon Media Group, Inc.)



2000 • American Eugenics Movement • American Philosophical Society • American Supreme Court • anecdotal information • athletic prowess • bad heredity • biological determinism • biology is destiny • Carrie Buck • dark underside • David Micklos • demographic information • differential psychology • disabilitydiseaseDNA • Down syndrome • eggethical contexteugenics • eugenics archive • Eugenics Record Office • fashion model • folic acid • forced sterilizationgenetic engineeringgenetic research • hereditary data • hereditary defect • hospital records • house-to-house survey • Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement • immigration laws • improve the human species • inherited disease • institutions for the blind • institutions for the deaf • institutions for the insane • intelligence • IQ test • Ivy League • Kristi Coale • life-altering decision • low intellect • mentally disabled • moron • Paul Lombardo • perfect baby • playing god • police line-up • pregnant woman • prenatal genetic screening • prenatal genetic testing • prison • procreation • Ron Harris • scientific data • shocking images • sperm • sterilise • sterilization laws • survival of the fittest • traits • unfit • University of Virginiause of private information • Vivian Buck • weeding out

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