Not Signed-In
Which clippings match 'Alexander Calder' keyword pg.1 of 1
05 NOVEMBER 2009

Alexander Calder magically breathed life into inanimate objects

"Alexander Calder magically breathed life into inanimate objects, using wire and recycled materials to create this army of circus characters. Beginning in 1927, Calder performed the Circus in Paris, New York, and elsewhere. He would issue invitations to his guests, who would sit on makeshift bleachers munching peanuts, just like the real circus. With the crash of cymbals and music from an old gramophone, the circus would begin. Many of the individual circus animals and performers include mechanized parts – Calder was originally trained as a mechanical engineer.

It wasn't the tricks or gimmicks of the circus that appealed to Calder, but the dynamic movement of bodies in space. He first went to the Ringling Brothers, Barnum & Bailey circus in 1925. He was inspired by the mechanics of the circus and made hundreds of drawings of the equipment and the ropes and the guy wires for the tents. Later in his career, Calder turned his attention to more abstract work. ... He went on to invent the mobile and other works of moving sculpture."

(Adam Weinberg, Whitney Museum of American Art)



19271955ad-hocAlexander Calderanimationart • Barnum & Bailey • bodies in spacecharacterchoreographycircusdrawing • dynamic movement • improvisationinanimate objects • mobile sculpture • motionmovement • moving sculpture • performancepioneerpuppetry • Ringling Brothers • theatreWhitney MuseumWhitney Museum of American Art


Simon Perkins

Dreams That Money Can Buy

"Berlin–born Hans Richter – Dadaist, painter, film theorist and filmmaker – was for four decades one of the most influential members of the cinematic avant–garde. Richter assembled some of the century's liveliest artists as co–creators of Dreams That Money Can Buy, his most ambitious attempt to bring the work of the European avant–garde to a wider cinema audience. Among its admirers is film director David Lynch.

Joe, a young man down on his luck, discovers he has the power to create dreams, and sets up a business selling them to others. The 'dreams' he gives to his clients are the creations of Max Ernst, Fernand Lger, Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp, Alexander Calder and Richter himself, and the result is by turns playful, hypnotic, satirical, charming and nightmarish."

Dreams That Money Can Buy is a film in seven segments namely:
"Desire" Director, Writer – Max Ernst; "The Girl with the Prefabricated Heart" Director, Writer – Fernand Léger; "Ruth, Roses and Revolvers" Director, Writer – Man Ray; "Discs" Director, Writer – Marcel Duchamp; "Ballet" Director, Writer – Alexander Calder; "Circus" Director, Writer – Alexander Calder; "Narcissus" Director, Writer – Hans Richter.



Simon Perkins
08 OCTOBER 2003

Eco: The Open Work

"[Umberto] Eco, quoting Henri Pousseur, defines the 'open' work as one that 'produces in the interpreter acts of conscious freedom, putting him at the centre of a net of inexhaustible relations among which he inserts his own form' (4). Eco's study, which examines Joyce, Alexander Calder, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Pousseur, and other contemporary and near–contemporary artists, opposes this concept to the traditional closed work, which allows the reader or viewer far less choice in interpretation. The categories are ideal––no work can be completely open or closed––but they function well in making distinctions between different kinds of art. What is more important, adopting the proper attitude toward an open work has political and social ramifications: the open work denies conventional views of the world, replacing them with a sense of its discontinuity, disorder, and dissonance. Eco considers the alienation attendant on this realisation as beneficial, since from this feeling of crisis, one may derive a new way of seeing, feeling, and understanding a social order in which traditional relationships have been shattered."
(Deborah Parker)


Alexander Calder • conscious freedom • James JoyceKarlheinz Stockhausenopenopen work • Parker • Pousseur • Umberto Eco

to Folksonomy

Can't access your account?

New to Folksonomy?

Sign-Up or learn more.