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Which clippings match 'Normalisation Process' keyword pg.1 of 1
28 APRIL 2013

Eurocentrism permeates our common cartographic representations

"on most maps, Europe and North America are situated on top–allowing us to believe that these countries are really 'on top of the world'. Africa, Australia and South America are always situated at the bottom. Why never the other way around? Cartographers make assumptions about the world (North is assumed to be at the top) and these assumptions have become normalised and are viewed as 'common sense'.

But these politically embedded assumptions help to structure how we see the world and our place in it. Few of us ever stop to think about the politics of cartography and what it says about Western cultural and economic imperialism and domination. Few ever think how these unexamined assumptions structure the way we see ourselves, to what extent and on what basis we rate our own worth (or supposed, entirely imagined, lack thereof) or how it restricts our imagination and limits the ways in which we think it is possible to excel and thrive in this world."

(Pierre De Vos, 23 April 2013)



Africa • apolitical • assumptionsAustraliaBritish Librarycartographic metaphorcartographic representationscartographychartcultural artefactcultural hegemonycultural imperialism • economic imperialism • economic significance • Eurocentric legacy • Eurocentrism • Europegeopolitical mapgraphic representationhistorical maphistorical narrativeshow we see the worldinformation visualisationinterpretationmapsmetaphors of reality • neo-European • neutralnormalisation process • normalised • North America • Northern hemisphere • objective perspective • our place in the world • physical geography • political assumptions • politics of cartographypost-colonialismpostcolonial • postcoloniality • reterritorialisationSouth AfricaSouth America • Southern hemisphere • standardised classification • The Lie of the Land (exhibition) • the worldthe world around us • top • understanding of the worldunexamined assumptions • visual critique • visual representationworld mapsworld politicsworld view


Simon Perkins
10 JULY 2009

Case*Method: Entity Relationship Modelling

"powerful technique of entity relationship modelling from this definitive guide. In a lucid instructional style, Richard Barker shows how the data modelling technique can be applied to develop high–quality, integrated information systems."

Richard Barker (1990). CASE* Method: Entity Relationship Modelling, Addison–Wesley.

[Entity-Relationship Modelling is a method for designing a 'logical' database (as apposed to creating a 'physical' database). In the notation an 'entity' is a logical way of describing a database table. Each entity has properties, which are a logical way of describing database fields. Each entity will more than likely have a relationship with other entities, these are expressed in terms of either a 'many-to-one' or a 'one-to-many' or a 'one-to-one relationship. Note that it is not logically possible to have a 'many-to-many' relationship - in such cases an 'intersection table' is inserted.]



3NF • Case Method • data • data administrators • data analysis • data analysts • data modelling • data modelling language • data modelling technique • data normalising • data strategists • database design • database normalisation • definitive definition • definitive guide • design techniquediagrammatic visualisation • Edgar Codd • entity • Entity-Relationship DiagramEntity-Relationship ModellingERDERM • flight ticket ERD • graphical information model • hierarchical visualisationinformation design • integrated information systems • Integration DEFinition for Information Modelling (IDEF1X) • logical database design • logical hierarchy • logical relationshipslogical structure • lucid instructional style • normal form • normalisation process • referential integrity • relationship modelling • Richard Barker • semantic data modelling • softbox • software engineering • third normal form • Third Normal Form (3NF)


Simon Perkins

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