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24 DECEMBER 2013

Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil: transforming markets to make sustainable palm oil the norm

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TAGS

Africa • animal fat • Asia-Pacific • better management practices • biodiversity • biofuel • Caribbean • confectionary • cooking oil • cosmeticscritical habitatdeforestationdestructive practicesdetergent • edible oils • elephantendangered speciesenvironmental challengesethical consumption • feeding the planet • foodfood ingredientfood productionforest-dwelling peoplesglobal challenge • global oil production • GreenPalm • Greenpeace • habitat • herbicide • ice-cream • Indonesia • industrial lubricant • intensive agricultureLatin America • lipstick • MalaysiamargarinemonocultureNGONigeriaoil • oil palm tree • oil producing plant • orangutan • Oxfam • palm fruit • palm oil • palm oil industry • palm oil production • pesticideplant oil • plantation • rainforest • Rainforest Alliance • rainforest protection • rapeseed oil • rhino • Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) • RSPO • shampoo • smallholders • soapSoutheast Asia • soya oil • sunflower oil • sustainabilitysustainable agriculturesustainable production practicestigertropical forestvegetable oilwaxWWF

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
19 FEBRUARY 2004

La Specola: Anatomies In Wax

"The wax collection, unique in the quantity and beauty of its pieces, was created in order to teach anatomy without having to directly observe a cadaver. [...]The over 1400 models, contained in 562 cases, were made between the end of the 18th and first half of the 19th century by the artisans Clemente Susini, Polychrome plaster cast of Clemente Susini, the most famous Florentine wax modeller Francesco Calenzuoli, Luigi Calamai and Egisto Tortori. Guided by Fontana himself these talented modellers worked under the anatomists Tommaso Bonicoli, Filippo Uccelli and the great Paolo Mascagni who dissected cadavers obtained from the Santa Maria Nuova hospital and exposed the part to be modelled. Then the part was reproduced in clay from which a plaster cast was made. Into this the wax – really a mixture of waxes, resins and dyes of which the exact composition is unknown – was poured. Finally, the model was assembled and refined."

(Saulo Bambi)

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TAGS

anatomyautopsybody • Bonicoli • cadaver • Calamai • Calenzuoli • clay • diedissectionexamination • Firenze • Florence • Fontana • history of medicineItaly • La Specola • Mascagni • resin • reverse-engineerscientific medicinesurgical • Susini • taking apart • Tortori • Uccelli • waxwax models
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