"Yet while anonymity offers a potential bulwark against surveillance, for those who do not wish to be watched, it has also helped in the development of that part of the online world known as the dark web.
Sites on the dark web like Silk Road have used Tor technology to hide their location and yet still be available to users who wish to visit them.
The dark web has now become a focus for law enforcement officers who believe it is facilitating a variety of illegal activities including financial crime and child abuse."
(Mike Radford, 3 September 2014, BBC News)
Fig.1 "Inside the Dark Web" 2014, television programme, BBC Two – Horizon, Series 51, Episode 4, first broadcast: 3 September 2014.
"To show how unrestrained child predators can act but also to show how easy it is to track them down the Dutch child rights organisation put itself in the shoes of a 10–year–old Filipino girl. With an innovative technology the virtual character Sweetie was created to be controlled by Terre des Hommes researchers. From a remote building in Amsterdam the researchers operated in public chat rooms. In a very short period, over 20,000 predators from around the world approached the virtual 10– year–old, asking for webcam sex performances. While the adults interacted with the virtual girl, the researchers gathered information about them through social media to uncover their identities. With this evidence Terre des Hommes Netherlands is pushing all governments to adopt proactive investigation policies, with a world wide petition, starting today."
(Hans Guyt, The Hague, 4 November 2013, Terre des Hommes)
"ANAR Foundation manages in Spain the European unique phone number 116 111, to attend children and teenagers under a risk situation. On this telephone number, only for minors, they can find the help they need in a totally anonymous and confidential way. But, how can we get our message to a child abuse victim, even when they are accompanied by an adult their aggressor?
Knowing the average height for adults and children under 10, we have created two different messages. Using an outdoor lenticular we show adults an awareness message, while children see a message where we offer them our help and show them the telephone number. A message only for children."
Fig.1 campaign created by Grey Spain (Grey EMEA, http://grey.com/emea/).
"This seemingly innocent introduction by a child artist hides the shocking content within Mouchette's website. Allegedly authored by a twelve–year–old French girl, Mouchette is a complex site consisting of various secret links, electronic interactive texts, and poems that reveal the multiple faces of the artist, along with her fears and obsessions. Loosely–based on the 1937 book by Georges Bernanos and the 1967 Robert Bresson movie, Mouchette, the website seems to expand upon the basic storyline of the film. The movie portrays a girl suffering from the pains of abuse, an alcoholic father and dying mother. Eventually she finds that her only escape from the hatred and sexual abuse in her life is suicide. Not only does the net artist draw several character similarities to the female protagonist of the film Mouchette, but also relates similar thematic ideas. The various subpages of the site use visually–shocking pictures, images of flesh and blood, and interactive forums of taboo subjects to explore themes of sexual abuse, violence and hatred, and loneliness. The anonymous authorship of the site, as well as the user interface, poses an underlying question of identity, leaving the viewer curious what the true nature of the website. By creating an interactive site that encourages audience participation, Mouchette.org challenges the viewer to confront these disturbing themes and make a decision of further conduct."
(Sarah Stein & Edward Yip)
"The Online counselling: Client outcomes (OcCo) is a project developed at Queensland University of Technology (QUT), and funded by the Australian Research Council (2004–2005). The project involves the research and creation of counselling framework in the form of online visual counselling tools. The framework has been developed at QUT and introduces a number of unique components that changes the way online counselling is conducted in an online environment. The tools have been designed to be client–centred, strengths–based, narrative and solution–focussed. One feature of the tools is their ability to enable young people to communicate their concerns to a counsellor. The tools allows them to present their concerns in a visual manner using interactive sociograms (relationship mapping), genograms (family mapping) and life events charts (self mapping). This brings one of the fundamental principles of traditional counselling – exploration of relationships – into the graphical online environment."