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Which clippings match 'Symbiosis' keyword pg.1 of 1
17 FEBRUARY 2014

Norman McLaren's SYNCHROMY (1971)

"Here are pyrotechnics of the keyboard, but with only a camera to 'play the tune'. To make this film, Norman McLaren employed novel optical techniques to compose the piano rhythms of the sound track. These he then moved, in multicolor, onto the picture area of the screen so that, in effect, you see what you hear. It is synchronization of image and sound in the truest sense of the word."

(National Film Board of Canada)

Fig.1 Director: Norman McLaren; Year: 1971; Time: 7 mins; Music: Norman McLaren.



1971abstract animated filmabstract animation • audiovisual art • changing patterncolourcolour and music • coloured pattern • design formalismdirect filmelectronic musicexperimental music • image and sound • multicolour • musicalizes vision • National Film Board of CanadaNorman McLaren • novel optical techniques • optical composition • painted soundtrack • piano rhythms • picture area • pure abstractionsoundtracksymbiosissynaesthesia • Synchromy (1971) • synchronisationtangible sequencervisual abstractionvisual musicvisual pattern


Simon Perkins
30 APRIL 2010

Ethics: immanent, historical, and emergent rather than transcendent, essential and static

"Deleuze and Guattari's notion of ethics does not suggest relativism. Ethics are 'relative,' or related to the condition of their use, however they have criteria. The criteria for ethics according to Deleuze is 'immanent, historical, and emergent rather than transcendent, essential and static' (Hayden 121). Thus Deleuze and Guattari assert that thinking belongs to the earth and is not the manifestation of a knowing subject apart from its environment. Thinking exists as the fluid effect of the interactions that take place between the force of the body and the environment in which it occurs (121). The reciprocal relationality of bodies and milieux implies that each have effects on the other. Evaluation of modes of existence, then, must proceed from the recognition of this reciprocity or symbiosis (121). Such an ethics requires careful study not only of the natural conditions of phenomena, but also of the effects of various modes of existence. Therefore, though ethics implies a continuous process within diverse milieux, this is not to say that it is impossible to distinguish particular modes of existence as more desirable than others (122). However such distinctions are always site–specific, so to speak, and cannot be measured against a transcendent standard."

(Sheri Benning, Rhizomes 15)

Hayden, Patrick. Multiplicity and Becoming: The Pluralist Empiricism of Gilles Deleuze. New York: Peter Lang, 1998.

Benning, S. (2007). "Claybank, Saskatchewan." Rhizomes: Cultural Studies in Emerging Knowledge winter(15).


2007a knowing subject • a transcendent standard • Canada • diverse milieux • ethicsFélix GuattariGilles Deleuze • milieux • modes of existencereciprocityrelativism • Saskatchewan • situated construction of realitysymbiosis


Simon Perkins
15 APRIL 2005

Metabolists: Symbiosis Of Diverse Elements

"[The] Japanese Metabolists who were the first to acknowledge the relevance of Asia's urbanism. One of its founders and key theoreticians, Kisho Kurokawa, told us in an interview that a dissatisfaction with functional architecture as one of their points of departure. The Metabolists transcended Modernist spaces away from Eurocentrism to the "symbiosis of diverse cultures, from anthropocentrism to ecology, from industrial to information society, from universalism to the age of symbiosis of diverse elements, from the age of the machine to the age of the life principle."

(Hou Hanru & Hans Ulrich Obrist)



architecture • Ekuan • Japan • Kawazoe • Kikutake • Kurokawa • Maki • Metabolist • Otaka • symbiosisurbanism

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