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Which clippings match 'Slum' keyword pg.1 of 1
20 NOVEMBER 2016

Alex Gendler: how to recognize a dystopia

"The genre of dystopia – the 'not good place'– has captured the imaginations of artists and audiences alike for centuries. But why do we bother with all this pessimism? Alex Gendler explains how dystopias act as cautionary tales – not about some particular government or technology, but the very idea that humanity can be molded into an ideal shape."



Aldous Huxley • Alex Gendler • Animal Farm (1954)artificial intelligence • aryan • atomic energyBlade Runner (1982)brave new world • Brave New World (1932) • cautionary talecommunist systemconcentration campdemocracydepletion of natural resourcesDr Strangelove (1964) • drudgery • dystopia • dystopian fiction • dystopian literature • dystopian science fictioneugenicsfactory workerfascismfree willgas chambergenetic engineering • Gullivers Travels (1726) • H G Wells • humanitys future • impoverished masses • impoverishment • industrial ageindustrial revolution • industrial warfare • It Cant Happen Here (1935) • Jack London • Jonathan Swift • mass entertainment • mass media ageMetropolis (1927) • modern anxieties • nightmare world • Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)nuclear war • oligarchy • oppressionoverpopulationparadise • perfect world • political structures • povertyprogress narratives • resource depletion • science fiction • Sinclair Lewis • slumsocial rolessocial structures • space colony • space travelspeculative fiction • squalor • surveillance state • TED-Ed • The Handmaids Tale (1985) • The Iron Heel (1908) • The RepublicThe Time MachineThomas Moretotalitarianism • tyrannical oligarchy • tyranny of modernismutopia • V for Vendetta (2006) • Watchmen (2009) • We (1924) • Westworld (1973) • WW1WWII • Yevgeny Zamyatin


Simon Perkins
23 DECEMBER 2012

Landfill Harmonic: creating music from recycled materials

"Landfill Harmonic tells the story of 'Los Reciclados' – 'The Recycled Orchestra' – a youth orchestra in Cateura, Paraguay, whose instruments are made out of the very trash that the town is built on.

WHEN FAVIO CHAVEZ AND LUIS SZARAN came to Cateura to start a music school, they realized that they had more students than instruments. Thanks to the resourcefulness of Cola, a Cateurian garbage picker, an orchestra came together, now featuring violins, cellos, and other instruments artfully put together from trash. Los Reciclados de Cateura, now an independent orchestra, recently performed in Brazil and Colombia under Chavez's direction."

(Nina Mashurova, 12 December 2012, Matador)

Trailer for "Landfill Harmonic". The project is being created by Alejandra Nash (Founder and Executive Producer), Juliana Penaranda–Loftus (Producer), Rodolfo Madero (Executive Producer), Jorge Maldonado (Co–producer), Graham
Townsley (Director) Jennifer Redfearn (Consulting producer), Tim Fabrizio and Neil Barrett (Directors of Photography) and Monica Barrios (Production Consultant).



2012 • Alejandra Nash • awareness raisingbricoleur • Cateura • Creative Visions Foundation • debrisdetritusDIY ethicdocumentary • Favio Chavez • garbage • Graham Townsley • guitarimprovisationinspiring people • Jennifer Redfearn • Jorge Maldonado • Juliana Penaranda-Loftus • junk • landfill • Landfill Harmonic (film) • Landfill Orchestra • Los Reciclados • Luis Szaran • Monica Barrios • music • music programme • music teacher • musical education • musical instrument • Neil Barrett • Nicolas Gomez • nonprofitorchestraParaguaypositive changepovertyrecycled garbagerecycled materials • Rodolfo Madero • rubbishslumsocial entrepreneurshipsocial transformationSouth America • The Recycled Orchestra • Tim Fabrizio • trailertransformation • violin • waste


Simon Perkins
28 JUNE 2006

Charles Booth: London poverty classification maps

"The Maps Descriptive of London Poverty are perhaps the most distinctive product of Charles Booth's Inquiry into Life and Labour in London (1886–1903). An early example of social cartography, each street is coloured to indicate the income and social class of its inhabitants."

(Charles Booth Online Archive)



1903cartography • Charles Booth • classificationdemographygeographygovernance • house by house • human geography • labour survey • London • Londoners • mapmap of Londonmapping • policy research • poverty • public administration • qualitative descriptionsquantitative dataslumsocial classsocial geographysocial science • social surveys • sociologystatisticsUKurban studies
01 MARCH 2005

Answers to exploitation in photographs

"In 1973, while conducting a literacy project in a barrio of Lima, Peru, the noted Brazilian educator Paulo Freire (and his colleagues) asked people questions in Spanish, but requested the answers in photographs. When the question 'What is exploitation?' was asked, some people took photos of a landlord, grocer, or a policeman (Boal 1979, p.123). One child took a photo of a nail on a wall. It made no sense to adults, but other children were in strong agreement. The ensuing discussions showed that many young boys of that neighbourhood worked in the shoe–shine business. Their clients were mainly in the city, not in the barrio where they lived. As their shoe–shine boxes were too heavy for them to carry, these boys, rented a nail on a wall (usually in a shop), where they could hang their boxes for the night. To them, that nail on the wall represented 'exploitation. 'The 'nail on the wall' photograph spurred widespread discussions in the Peruvian barrio about other forms of institutionalized exploitation, including ways to overcome them."
(Singhal, A., M. J. Cody, et al. 2004)

Boal, Augusto. 1979 The theatre of the oppressed., New York, USA: Urizen Books.

Arvind Singhal, Michael J. Cody, et al. (2004). Entertainment–Education and Social Change: History, Research, and Practice, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

[An experiment in participatory research and research as social catalyst.]



1973agencyAugusto Boalawareness raising • barrio • Brazilcommunity participatory projectexploitation • institutionalised exploitation • Limanail • nail on the wall • Paulo FreirePeruphotographphotographypoverty • shoe-shine boxes • shoe-shiner • slumSouth America

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