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Which clippings match 'Scott Fisher' keyword pg.1 of 1
18 OCTOBER 2011

Cyberpunk: the future has already happened

"Cyberpunk' is a 60–minute documentary, the ad for which states: 'What started as a book became a literary movement. What was a literary movement became a subculture'.

And that's one of the major flaws of this film. It perpetuates the general myth that everything 'cyberpunk' expanded out of 'Neuromancer' and Gibson's vision. In truth, most of the stuff covered here (virtual reality, hacking, industrial music, cybernetics, designer drugs, anarchy) was already developing quite nicely before Lord Gibson, Chairman Bruce, and the rest (Shirley, Rucker, Shiner) were kind enough to provide a fictional universe in which to fuse these disparate explorations.

The production of 'Cyberpunk' is very inconsistent, too –– some parts are professional documentary, while other parts have the odor of quick–cash opportunism. The breathy women narrator is ultimately aggravating, oh–ing and ah–ing over all this stuff.

But there is some good material here, including interviews with Gibson, Leary, Scott Fisher (of NASA/Ames), Brenda Laurel, Vernon Reed (Living Color), Bill Leeb (Front Line Assembly) and others. There's also some cool computer graphics (circa 1989) and an industrial soundtrack with Front Line Assembly, Ministry, and Severed Heads.

'Cyberpunk' is still a must–see since it's the only documentary about cyberpunk that we have."

(G. Branwyn)

Fig.1 Produced and Directed by Marianne Trench and Peter von Brandenberg, Intercon Productions, 1990.



1990 • anarchy • augmentation • Bill Leeb • bodybody modificationBrenda Laurel • Bruce Bethke • computer graphics • computer virus • corporeal augmentationcyberneticscyberpunk • Cyberpunk (1990) • cyborgdesigner drugsdystopiaembodimentethicsfictional universe • Front Line Assembly • hackinghacktivismhuman beings • industrial music • informationinformation wants to be free • John Shirley • Lewis Shiner • Living Color • Mariana TrenchMinistry (band)mutant scienceNASA Ames Research CenterNeuromancerorgan • phone phreaking • posthumanRudy Ruckersci-fiScott Fisher • Severed Heads (band) • speculative designtechnological determinismtechnophobiaTimothy Leary • Vernon Reed • virtual realityvirusvisions of the futureVRWilliam Gibson


Simon Perkins
03 JANUARY 2004

Virtual Reality: Computer Science Pioneers

Grau. p.161–186 Virtual Art
Milstones: an incomplete history:
1945 – Vannevar Bush: As We May Think;
1948 – Norbert Wiener;
1950 – Alan Turing;
1960 – J. C. R. Licklider: Symbiosis;.
1963 – Ivan E. Sutherland (supervised by Claude Shannon): Sketchpad;
1963 – Ivan E. Sutherland: ultimate computer display;
1966 – Ivan E. Sutherland (with student Bob Sproull): head–mounted display;
1968 – Ivan E. Sutherland: computer–aided head–mounted display;
1970 – Myron Krueger: interactive computer images;
1970 – Nicolas Negroponte: declared goal to combine visual capabilities of film with computer processing;
1972 – Nicolas Negroponte: The Architecture Machine;
mid 1970's – Ivan E. Sutherland, Tom Furness, Scott Fisher: stereo optical apparatus;
1976 – MIT Arichecture Machine Group: spatial/hierarchical, distribution of data;
1980's – Xerox PARC: graphical user interface/desktop metaphor;
1982 – Thomas Zimmerman: data glove;
1988 – Scott Fisher, Elisabeth Wenzel: spatiovirtual sound.


Alan Turing • Bob Sproull • Claude Shannoncomputer science • data glove • Elisabeth Wenzel • hierarchical • HMD • Ivan Sutherland • Joseph Licklider • Myron Krueger • Nicolas Negroponte • Norbert Wienerpioneers in computer scienceScott Fisher • spatiovirtual sound • Thomas Zimmerman • Tom Furness • Vannevar Bushvirtualvirtual reality

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