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Which clippings match 'Secular Society' keyword pg.1 of 1
07 JANUARY 2015

The importance of critical perspectives for maintaining liberal society



anti-authoritarian • anti-institutional critique • anti-religious critique • Bernard Verlhac • blasphemy • Cabu (pseudonym) • cartooncartoonists • Charb (pseudonym) • Charlie Hebdo • comic strip • contempt • controversial contentcritical commentarycritical perspectivescritique of powerdeliberately offensive • distaste • free expressionfree speechfreedom of expression • freedom of the press • French cartoonistinfamousinfamy • insulting likeness • inviolable • Jean Cabut • lampooning • left-wing ideals • left-wing pluralism • liberal attitude • liberal democracies • liberal societymade to offendmagazine • magazine cover • mockingMohammad caricaturesmonotheismMuhammad cartoonsoffenceoffensive behaviour • Philippe Honore • pluralistic society • politically conscious • Pope • press freedom • provocative cartoons • provocative picturesreligious fundamentalism • reverence • sacredsatiresatirical illustration • satirical newspaper • secular society • sextremism • social critique • Stephane Charbonnier • Tignous (pseudonym) • vulgarity • weekly newspaper


Simon Perkins
20 JANUARY 2004

Freemason: Secular Architect Shaping The World

"Freemasonry was founded around the image of the secular architect shaping the world and himself within it so as to provide both with a sense of moral order. Stonemasons, forerunners of modern architects, not only provided the symbolic tools :this reshaping process, but because of their past, particularly their association with the building of the great cathedrals in Europe, supplied the link with religious certainty and order. But it was the building of Solomon's Temple which was the central myth of freemasonry. It embodied spatially a utopic of moral order in which individuals might lead a virtuous life and come to create the social conditions of trust required in the contractual society that was emerging around them. Freemasons devoted considerable energy to seeking out their origins of their craft in the ancient world, notably associated with the great feats of architecture down the ages. Freemasons were imputed to have been involved in almost every architectural feat in history, right back to Noah and his ark and including on the way the construction of Solomon's Temple and the Tower of Babel."

(Kevin Hetherington, 1997, p.87)

Hetherington, K. (1997). "The Badlands Of Modernity: Heterotopia And Social Ordering". London: Routledge.

20 JANUARY 2004

Utopic Representations of an Orderly Society

"Freemasonry during this period [early eighteenth century] was tolerant, enlightened, generally secular yet morally aware, and concerned with issues to do with scientific discovery. This science was used to legitimate a vision of social order as based in natural order. Freemasonry provided not only a vehicle for the scientists to lecture and socialize; it also offered the means through which these economic and political interests might find common support. It played a part in the civilizing of civil society. Newtonian science not only provided legitimacy through the symbolism of masonry for a higher, morally regulated, perfectible society, but also the means through which perfection might be achieved. The lodges were utopic representations of an orderly society by which self–interested bourgeois individuals might be shaped into moral subjects not only through their veneration of the symbolic order found in both nature and architecture, and their acceptance of rank and hierarchy, but also through their own freedom as moral subject sand as part of a group that perceived itself as a moral elect. Through such means the unhewn stranger could be shaped into a trustworthy brother. Such a process could not but help promote the development of the shared political and economic interests that we have all come to associate with freemasonry in more recent times."

(Kevin Hetherington, 1997, p.88)

Hetherington, K. (1997). "The Badlands Of Modernity: Heterotopia And Social Ordering". London: Routledge.

20 JANUARY 2004

Freemason: Solomon's Temple - Classical Order

"The strongest symbol of that classical order was to be found in the biblical story of the building of Solomon's Temple. As the embodiment of natural wisdom, the symbol of Solomon's Temple held secrets in its design. The invented tradition and history that centred on architecture and the building of Solomon's Temple not only offered freemasons a sense of being part of a select group with access to some of the secrets of the ancients but also, I would argue, allowed them to see themselves as a moral elect, able to act as a vanguard of moral agents in the emerging public sphere of the period."

(Kevin Hetherington, 1997, p.88)

Hetherington, K. (1997). "The Badlands Of Modernity: Heterotopia And Social Ordering". London: Routledge.


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