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Which clippings match 'Salience' keyword pg.1 of 1
01 FEBRUARY 2015

Free-listing methods to explore user categorisations

"The assumption with semantic domains is that there is something common to people's understanding of that domain. Free–listing is a good way to explore that common understanding.There are two main questions in understanding a semantic domain. The first question is 'What are the contents of the domain, its scope, and its boundaries?' The second question is 'How are the contents structured?' Free–listing is a technique that can help you determine the scope of the domain while providing some insight into how the domain is structured.

Free–listing can be used to understand the contents of a domain. For example, a practitioner designing the information architecture for an online book vendor might need to generate a list of book genres and subgenres. Or the practitioner might already possess a list of genres, but need to verify that the list is exhaustive. Or the goal of free–listing might be to arrange the genres according to centrality or salience in the user's mind.

Free–listing can also serve as a way to gain familiarity with user vocabulary for the domain. As a precursor to cardsorting, it allows you to define and limit the domain in question, and frame card items in the user's own language. Apart from helping in all these situations, free–listing can also serve as a rough proxy for similarity methods, such as cardsorting.

Free–listing might seem similar to open–ended questions about subjective preferences, such as 'What cars do you like?,' but there is an important difference when free–listing is used to explore semantic domains. The assumption with semantic domains is that there is something common to people's understanding of that domain (i.e., user understanding is not completely idiosyncratic). Free–listing is a good way to explore that common understanding of the domain."

(Rashmi Sinha, 24 February 2003, Boxes and Arrows)



A. Kimball Romney • card-sorting • cardsorting • centrality • common understanding • cultural domain analysis • domain understanding • elicitation practices • elicitation techniques • ethnographic methods • exhaustive list • experimental psychology • free pile sort • free-listing • free-listing data • free-listing dataset • free-listing method • free-listing technique • freelisting • general perception • information architecture • interview (design method) • inventories • limit the domain • logical corollary • N. M. Henley • online book vendor • open-ended questioning • participant insights • Rashmi Sinha • rough proxy • Roy DAndrade • salience • scope of the domain • semantic domains • semi-structured interview • semi-structured method • similarity • similarity methods • Stephen Peter Borgatti • subjective preferences • Susan Weller • systematic data collection • user categorisations • user vocabulary • W. D. Barclay • Weston Ashmore Bousfield • Weston Bousfield • William Barclay • written exercise


Simon Perkins
27 OCTOBER 2005

Topography Of Action: To Rise Above Or Drop Below A Field Of Experience

Clive Cazeaux pp. 44–56
What this topography of action brings to the theory–practice debate is a way of thinking which allows art theory and art practice to stand alongside each other as mutually supportive 'interventions' in the development of an artwork. On this account, both theory and practice can be understood as gestures which make a difference, make something stand out, rise above or drop below an otherwise undifferentiated field of experience. While we are probably accustomed to thinking of art practice as a form of action, it needs to be borne in mind that activity, i.e. activity in general, is being viewed here from a particular, existentialist perspective. With [Jean–Paul] Sartre, we are theorizing the action as an event, a moment, a rupture, something which makes a difference where there was previously no difference at all, and which thereby allows the subject to orient itself in terms of the objects it encounters. Approaching the art–making process in these terms requires us to think about the way in which the work develops as a series of ruptures or saliences...


art practiceart theory • Cazeaux • field of experience • Jean-Paul Sartrerupturesaliencesubject • theory-practice • topography of action

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