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Which clippings match 'Reproduction' keyword pg.2 of 3
03 NOVEMBER 2009

The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction

"Our fine arts were developed, their types and uses were established, in times very different from the present, by men whose power of action upon things was insignificant in comparison with ours. But the amazing growth of our techniques, the adaptability and precision they have attained, the ideas and habits they are creating, make it a certainty that profound changes are impending in the ancient craft of The Beautiful. In all the arts there is a physical component which can no longer be considered or treated as it used to be, which cannot remain unaffected by our modern knowledge and power. For the last twenty years neither matter nor space nor time has been what it was from time immemorial. We must expect great innovations to transform the entire technique of the arts, thereby affecting artistic invention itself and perhaps even bringing about an amazing change in our very notion of art."

(Walter Benjamin, 1935, quoted from Paul Valery, Aesthetics, The Conquest of Ubiquity)



Simon Perkins
19 JUNE 2007

Copy Shop: photocopying infinitum

"A man who works dedicatedly in a copy shop copies himself until he fills the whole world with his clones. This film actually consists of nearly 18,000 photocopied frames, which are animated and filmed with a 35mm camera."


Writer/director/editor: Virgil Widrich; Cinematographer: Martin Putz; Music: Alexander Zlamal; Actor: Johannes Silberschneider





2001 • Alexander Zlamal • authenticityblack and white • clone • cloningcopydoppelgangerduplicationessencefilmhigh concepthigh concept film • Johannes Silberschneider • loop • Martin Putz • photocopierphotocopyrepeatreproductionshort filmspeculative fictionsuffusionsurreal • Virgil Widrich
20 JUNE 2005

Genetic Engineering: self-reproductive manifestations of excess

"The child–mannequin–type figures of the sculpture 'Zygotic acceleration, biogenetic, de–sublimated libidinal model (enlarged x 1000),' 1995, are also removed from biological reality, and yet the body with its multiple girl heads, legs, and arms conveys the impression of a living creature. They are mutated organisms – fused together at their torsi; anus, vulva or penis replace nose, ears, or mouth – who seem to offer themselves sexually to the viewer. The theme of the work is, if one sticks to the title, cell reproduction and sexuality. A work that captures the self–reproductive manifestations of excessive, errant libido and reveals the obsessions of genetic engineering."

(The Kunsthaus Bregenz)



1995anatomy • anus • biological • biological reality • bodyBritish artistcell • cell reproduction • Chapman • creaturedeliberately offensive • Dinos Chapman • errant libido • excessgenetic engineeringgrotesque • Jake Chapman • libidinallibidomannequinmouthmutate • mutated organism • nose • organismpenisposthumanreproduction • self-reproductive • sexualityshock arttorsitorsovulva • Zygotic Acceleration (1995)
02 JANUARY 2004

Reproduction: overcoming essential uniqueness

"This image makes it easy to comprehend the social bases of the contemporary decay of the aura. It rests on two circumstances, both of which are related to the increasing significance of the masses in contemporary life. Namely, the desire of contemporary masses to bring things "closer" spatially and humanly, which is just as ardent as their bent toward overcoming the uniqueness of every reality by accepting its reproduction. Every day the urge grows stronger to get hold of an object at very close range by way of its likeness, its reproduction. Unmistakably, reproduction as offered by picture magazines and newsreels differs from the image seen by the unarmed eye. Uniqueness and permanence are as closely linked in the latter as are transitoriness and reproducibility in the former. To pry an object from its shell, to destroy its aura, is the mark of a perception whose "sense of the universal equality of things" has increased to such a degree that it extracts it even from a unique object by means of reproduction. Thus is manifested in the field of perception what in the theoretical sphere is noticeable in the increasing importance of statistics. The adjustment of reality to the masses and of the masses to reality is a process of unlimited scope, as much for thinking as for perception."

(Walter Benjamin, 1988, p.223)

Benjamin, Walter (1988) "Illuminations", New York, US: Random House.


auraequality • essential • essential uniqueness • likeness • masses • permanencereproducibilityreproductionuniqueuniversalvisual likenessWalter Benjamin
02 JANUARY 2004

Authenticity: Authority Of The Object

"The authenticity of a thing is the essence of all that is transmissible from its beginning, ranging from its substantive duration to its testimony to the history which it has experienced. Since the historical testimony rests on the authenticity, the former, too, is jeopardised by reproduction when substantive duration ceases to matter. And what is really jeopardised when the historical testimony is affected is the authority of the object."
(Walter Benjamin, p.221)

Benjamin, Walter. 1988 Illuminations, New York, US: Random House.


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