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Which clippings match 'Quotation' keyword pg.1 of 1
15 FEBRUARY 2017

Silent-era avant-garde artist-filmmakers disrupting the new realities of mass media (rather than replicating them)

"Around the time Shub started her documentary experiments, 20th century avant-garde artists likewise began using repurposed chunks of mass-produced ephemera. Picasso and Braque threw bits of newspaper into paintings; Max Ernst cut up Victorian illustrations to create proto-surrealist collages; Walter Benjamin, T. S. Eliot, and James Joyce pushed the literary practice of quotation into the realm of pastiche; Marcel Duchamp pioneered sculptural assemblage with his readymades; and photomontage blossomed in the graphic works of John Heartfield, Hannah Höch, and Alexander Rodchenko. These works rearranged reality to suit their artists' purposes but, unlike the compilation films, did not try to hide that manipulation. Whether Cubist, Dada, or Constructivist, these artists chose to disrupt the new realities of mass media rather than replicate them, savoring the illogic of dreamlike disjunctions and precipitating new ways to see all-too-common images."

(Ed Halter, 10 July 2008, Moving Image Source)


20th centuryAlexander Rodchenkoavant-garde artistsavant-garde cinemaconstructivistcubismcut-up techniqueDadadisruptiondocumentary experiments • dreamlike disjunctions • Ed Halter • Esther Shub • experimental film • found-footage • Georges Braque • Hannah Hochinfluential artistsJames JoyceJohn Heartfield • literary practice • Marcel Duchampmass media • mass-produced ephemera • Max Ernst • new realities • Pablo Picassopastichephotomontagepioneering filmmaker • proto-surrealist collages • quotationreadymade • repurposed archival material • Russian constructivism • sculptural assemblage • Thomas Stearns Eliot • Victorian illustrations • Walter Benjamin


Simon Perkins
13 JULY 2009

Philosophy Ideas Database: a searchable catalogue of philosophical ideas

"This site contains a searchable catalogue of philosophical ideas, mostly in the western analytical tradition. It is compiled by Peter Gibson, and implemented as a website by Martin Berry. It provides philosophical quotations for anyone who has to write a philosophy essay, or who wishes to digest quickly some key ideas on a topic. The database is strongest in the areas of Mind, Knowledge and Morality, but it will gradually expand to fill gaps."
(Peter Gibson)


analytical • conceptualisationcritical theorydatabaseessayinsightknowledgemindmorality • philosophical ideas • philosophyquotationresearchsearchtheory building


Simon Perkins
14 JANUARY 2009

The Project Xanadu: Returning to The Original View

"The earliest published design for computer hypertext was a 1965 ACM article (peer–reviewed) which canonically defined our work [0]. One of the authors (Nelson) presented a sweeping view of hypertext as visibly cross–connected by two–way links and transclusions* (illustration from that article reprinted).

* I define 'transclusion' as 'the same content knowably in more than one place'; therefore, any presentation which indicates the identity or origins of media content. There are other meanings of 'transclusion' which are special cases. For instance, 'transdelivery' means bringing content from elsewhere, 'transquotation' means explicit quotation which remains connnected to its origins. Vannevar Bush's famous 'trails,' described in 1945 [1], were transclusions, not links."
(Theodor Holm Nelson and Robert Adamson Smith)

0). Theodor H. Nelson, "A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing and the Indeterminate." Proceedings of the ACM 20th National Conference (1965), pp. 84–100.

1). Vannevar Bush, "As We May Think." Atlantic Monthly, July 1945; on line at elsewhere.



1965ACM • As We May Think • hyperlinkhypertext systeminfluential workspioneeringProject Xanaduquotation • Robert Adamson Smith • seminaltechnologyTed NelsonTheodor Holm Nelson • transclusion • transdelivery • transquotation • Vannevar Bush


Simon Perkins
29 JULY 2006

Scrapbooks: tools for collecting our personal material culture

"Scrapbooks comprise much of the 'material culture' of personal memory: they contain memorabilia of all sorts, and photographs of people and occasions that are important in the individual's life. In this sense, they are the 'analog', nonverbal form of a diary or journal. Michele Gerbrandt, edits Memory Maker, a magazine devoted to 'scrapbooking' that began in 1996. In Scrapbook Basics: The Complete Guide to Preserving Your Memories (Memory Makers Books, 2002), Gerbrandt suggests that scrapbooks have their origins in the 'commonplace books' in which people collected literary passages, quotations, ideas, and observations for personal reflection. She reports that in 1709, the British philosopher John Locke (posthumously) published a New Method of Making Common–Place Books (sometimes included in editions of Locke's 1690 Essay Concerning Human Understanding). The common–place book eventually evolved into the modern scrap–book. In 1872 Mark Twain, who owned a publishing firm, marketed a 'self–pasting' scrap book. Scrapbooks document personal and family histories, and record experiences, good and bad, for later reflection. Many personal websites, not to mention weblogs (or 'blogs'), have a certain 'scrapbook' quality."

(John F. Kihlstrom, University of California, Berkeley)




blogcommonplace bookcommonplacesdiaryephemera • John Kihlstrom • John LockejournalMark Twainmaterial culturememorabiliamemoryquotationreflectionscrapbook

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