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Which clippings match 'Porcelain' keyword pg.1 of 1
27 FEBRUARY 2015

The reality of shark fin soup served at Chinese wedding banquets

"The majority of the demand for shark meat is from the shark–fin industry, centered in Asia. Singapore is one of the main consumer countries, along with Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia and Thailand. For every Chinese wedding banquet in Singapore that serves shark fin soup, the world loses another 40–50 sharks."

(Animal Concerns Research and Education Society)

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TAGS

2012 • alpha predator • Animal Concerns Research and Education Society • animal cruelty • animal welfare • animated adanthropocentrism • apex predator • Asia-Pacificbarbaric practices • cartilage • Central America • Chinese soup spoon • Chinese wedding banquet • Costa Rica • crude barbarism • cruelty to animals • cultural practicesdestructive practicesethical consequencesethical consumption • fin • food productionhave dominion over all other living creaturesHong Kong • human supremacy • humane treatment of animals • inhumane treatment of animals • instrumental view of nature • Mainland China • MalaysiaPeoples Republic of Chinaporcelainredshark • shark fin soup • shark finning • shark meat • shark-fin industry • Singaporesoup • soup spoon • South-East Asia • spoon • status symbol • super predator • systemised crueltyTaiwanThailand • top predator • top-level predator • unnecessary suffering • video campaign • wanton destruction • wasteful destruction • wasteful practice • wedding banquet • wedding celebration • wedding ceremonywildlife reserveswillful ignorance

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
22 JULY 2012

Fountain: an ordinary article of life without useful significance

"Fountain is one of Duchamp's most famous works and is widely seen as an icon of twentieth–century art. The original, which is now lost, consisted of a standard urinal, laid flat on its back rather than upright in its usual position, and signed 'R. Mutt 1917'. The Tate's work is a 1964 replica and is made from glazed earthenware painted to resemble the original porcelain. The signature is reproduced in black paint. Fountain is an example of what Duchamp called a 'readymade', an ordinary manufactured object designated by the artist as a work of art. It epitomises the assault on convention and good taste for which he and the Dada movement are best known.

The idea of designating such a lowly object as a work of art came from a discussion between Duchamp and his American friends the collector Walter Arensburg and the artist Joseph Stella. Following this conversation, Duchamp bought an urinal from a plumbers' merchants, and submitted it to an exhibition organised by the Society of Independent Artists. The Board of Directors, who were bound by the constitution of the Society to accept all members' submissions, took exception to the Fountain and refused to exhibit it. Duchamp and Arensburg, who were both on the Board, resigned immediately in protest. An article published at the time, which is thought to have been written by Duchamp, claimed, 'Mr Mutt's fountain is not immoral, that is absurd, no more than a bathtub is immoral. It is a fixture that you see every day in plumbers' shop windows. Whether Mr Mutt with his own hands made the fountain has no importance. He CHOSE it. He took an ordinary article of life, placed it so that its useful significance disappeared under the new title and point of view – created a new thought for that object.' ('The Richard Mutt Case', The Blind Man, New York, no.2, May 1917, p.5.)"

(Sophie Howarth, April 2000)

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TAGS

1917196420th centuryabsurdAlfred Stieglitzartart historyassault • assault on convention • assault on good taste • avant-garde • black paint • contextconventioncultural signalscultural significance of objectscurationDadaDada movement • designated by the artist • Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven • everydayexhibition • fixture • Fountain (work of art) • glazed earthenware • good taste • icon of twentieth-century art • immoral • information in context • Joseph Stella • layers of meaning • lowly object • Marcel Duchampmodern artobjet trouve • ordinary article of life • ordinary manufactured objectporcelain • R. Mutt 1917 • readymadereplica • Society of Independent Artists • Tate Modern • took exception • twentieth-century art • urinaluseful significance • Walter Arensburg • work of art

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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