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Which clippings match 'Francis Bacon' keyword pg.1 of 2
14 APRIL 2012

Open Educational Resources: Khan Academy

"The Khan Academy is an organization on a mission. We're a not–for–profit with the goal of changing education for the better by providing a free world–class education to anyone anywhere.

All of the site's resources are available to anyone. It doesn't matter if you are a student, teacher, home–schooler, principal, adult returning to the classroom after 20 years, or a friendly alien just trying to get a leg up in earthly biology. The Khan Academy's materials and resources are available to you completely free of charge."

(Khan Academy)

Fig.1 Francis Bacon, Triptych – August 1972, 1972, oil on canvas, 72 x 61 x 22 in. (183 x 155 x 64 cm), (Tate Modern, London).



Simon Perkins
21 FEBRUARY 2012

Open Culture: a respository of cultural & educational media

"Open Culture brings together high–quality cultural & educational media for the worldwide lifelong learning community. Web 2.0 has given us great amounts of intelligent audio and video. It's all free. It's all enriching. But it's also scattered across the web, and not easy to find. Our whole mission is to centralize this content, curate it, and give you access to this high quality content whenever and wherever you want it. Free audio books, free online courses, free movies, free language lessons, free ebooks and other enriching content – it's all here. Open Culture was founded in 2006."

(Dan Colman et al.)

Fig.1 Jim Henson's 1963 Robot Film Uncovered by AT&T.



2006 • audio books • audio resources • cabinet of curiositiescollectioncontent • cultural media • digital resourceseBookebookseducational media • enriching content • Francis Baconfreefree resources • Jim Henson • knowledge commons • language lessons • lifelong learningonline lectures • online movies • online resources • open culture • Open Culture (resource)Peter Greenaway • quality content • resource • respository • The Republicvideo resources


Simon Perkins
08 MARCH 2010

Encyclopaedia is assumed as an historical production always incomplete, unfinished, precarious, condemned to the voracity of knowledge progress

"In the line of [Francis] Bacon Instauratio Magna, encyclopaedia is assumed as an historical production always incomplete, unfinished, precarious, condemned to the voracity of knowledge progress: "it does not suppose that the work can be altogether completed within one generation, but provides for its being taken up by another"[1]

If encyclopaedia is never a dictionary, yet they have one point in common. They both are discontinuous texts made of independent segments or entries, either alphabetically organised or structured in larger conceptual, thematic or disciplinary frameworks. Those semantic fields never present well–defined borders. Each entry opens (explicitly or implicitly) to other entries which, in turn, open to others in such a way that each entry is virtually connected with all others. In that sense, encyclopaedia is not so much a monumental reunion of all knowledge in one closed place, but the free circulation of unity throughout the dense and sensual effectivity of its volumes and pages. Not a static totality but a dynamic entity, not a mausoleum but a "living intellectual force" as Otto Neurath, the big organiser of neo–positivist International Encyclopaedia of Unified Science (1937–38) used to say [3]. Not an additive totality but a vast, waving horizon, a net of multidimensional elements which can be connected according to multiple relationships. That is to say, encyclopaedia supposes a deep, floating continuity underlying its superficial discontinuity. This is the point in which encyclopaedia most clearly revels itself as a strong configuration of the unity of science. In fact, it is the only attempt of unification of knowledge, which is effectively realised, the only material realisation of unity of science that condenses and presents to the eyes of everybody a large scope of materials, which could never be confronted in any other way."

(Olga Pombo)

[1] F. Bacon, Instauratio Magna, Preface, in The Works of Francis Bacon, edited by J. Spedding, 1857–1874, London: Ellis and Heath, vol. IV: 21.

[3] I quote Neurath from his famous "Unified Science and Encyclopaedic Integration": 'a living being and not a phantom, not a mausoleum or an herbarium, but a living intellectual force', "Unified Science and Encyclopaedic Integration", in O. Neurath (ed.), International Encyclopaedia of Unified Science, Chicago/Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 1938, vol. I: 26.

Leibniz and the Encyclopaedic Project, Actas del Congresso Internacional Ciência, Tecnologia Y Bien Comun: La Catualidad de Leibniz (Valência, 21–23 Marzo de 2001), Valencia: Editorial de la Universidas Politecnica de Valencia, 2002, pp. 267–278.


becomingconstellationsdictionarydiscursive fieldencyclopaediaFrancis BaconGottfried Leibnizhorizon • Instauratio Magna • mausoleum • multidimensional • orderingOtto Neurath • segment • semantic • unification of knowledge


Simon Perkins
15 AUGUST 2005

Francis Bacon's Studio Mapped By Archaeologists

"The Hugh Lane Gallery removed the contents of Francis Bacon's studio at 7 Reece Mews in August 1998. This operation was conducted with the assistance of a team of archaeologists who mapped the space, and tagged and noted the positions of the objects. The reconstructed studio features the original door, walls, floors, ceiling and shelves. Over 7,000 items were found in the studio and these were catalogued on a specially designed database before their replacement in the studio. The Francis Bacon Studio Database is the first computerised archive of the entire contents of a world ranking artist's studio. Every item in the studio has a database entry. Each entry consists of an image and a factual account of an object. The database has entries on approximately 570 books and catalogues, 1,500 photographs, 100 slashed canvases, 1,300 leaves torn from books, 2,000 artist's materials and 70 drawings. Other categories include the artist's correspondence, magazines, newspapers and vinyl records."
(Dublin City Gallery, The Hugh Lane, 14 December 2004)



7 Reece Mews • archaeologyartartistcanvascataloguecategorycollectiondatabaseDublin • Dublin City Gallery • Francis Bacon • Francis Bacon Studio Database • mappaintingplace • Reece Mews • Republic of Irelandspacestudio
13 MARCH 2005

Francis Bacon: Misconceptions in The Discovery of Causes

"The human understanding is unquiet; it cannot stop or rest, and still presses onward, but in vain. Therefore it is that we cannot conceive of any end or limit to the world, but always as of necessity it occurs to us that there is something beyond. Neither, again, can it be conceived how eternity has flowed down to the present day, for that distinction which is commonly received of infinity in time past and in time to come can by no means hold; for it would thence follow that one infinity is greater than another, and that infinity is wasting away and tending to become finite. The like subtlety arises touching the infinite divisibility of lines, from the same inability of thought to stop. But this inability interferes more mischievously in the discovery of causes; for although the most general principles in nature ought to be held merely positive, as they are discovered, and cannot with truth be referred to a cause, nevertheless the human understanding being unable to rest still seeks something prior in the order of nature. And then it is that in struggling toward that which is further off it falls back upon that which is nearer at hand, namely, on final causes, which have relation clearly to the nature of man rather than to the nature of the universe; and from this source have strangely defiled philosophy. But he is no less an unskilled and shallow philosopher who seeks causes of that which is most general, than he who in things subordinate and subaltern omits to do so."

(Translation by: James Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis, and Douglas Denon Heath)



cause • discoveryenquiryexplorationFrancis Bacon • Gibraltar • knowledgelimit to the world • Novum Organum • philosophyscience • Strait of Gibraltar • theory buildingtruthtwin pillarsunderstanding

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