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17 OCTOBER 2012

OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications

"The OpenDocument Format (ODF) is an open XML–based document file format for office applications to be used for documents containing text, spreadsheets, charts, and graphical elements. The file format makes transformations to other formats simple by leveraging and reusing existing standards wherever possible. As an open standard under the stewardship of OASIS, OpenDocument also creates the possibility for new types of applications and solutions to be developed other than traditional office productivity applications."

(Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

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TAGS

documentfile format • new applications • new solutions • OASIS (acronym) • ODF • office application • office applications • office productivity applications • office softwareopenopen standard • OpenDocument • OpenDocument Format • Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards • productivity toolsstandardisationstandardstechnology solution • vendor neutral • XML • XML-based • XML-based format

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
21 MAY 2012

Udacity: open courseware for software engineering

"We believe university–level education can be both high quality and low cost. Using the economics of the Internet, we've connected some of the greatest teachers to hundreds of thousands of students in almost every country on Earth. Udacity was founded by three roboticists who believed much of the educational value of their university classes could be offered online for very low cost. A few weeks later, over 160,000 students in more than 190 countries enrolled in our first class, 'Introduction to Artificial Intelligence.' The class was twice profiled by the New York Times and also by other news media. Now we're a growing team of educators and engineers, on a mission to change the future of education."

(Udacity, Inc., 2012)

Fig.1 "CS253: Web Application Engineering. Learn about engineering web applications with Steve Huffman! By the end of the class, you will have built your own blog to share with the world."

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TAGS

2012artificial intelligence • Charles River Ventures • computer science • course content • course-delivery modelcoursewarecrowdlearning • economics of the Internet • educationeducation technologyeducational media • educational value • elearning • free classes • free courses online • high quality at low cost • how to • Know Labs • learnlearninglearning resourceMassive Open Online CoursesMOOCsonline classesonline lecturesopenopen coursewareOpen Educational Resources (OER) • opencourseware • repositoryresourceroboticistsoftware engineeringStanford University • Steve Huffman • supplemental learningteaching materialstechnology educationUdacity • university classes • web-based publication

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
15 APRIL 2012

Open Archives Initiative

"The Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content. The Open Archives Initiative has its roots in an effort to enhance access to e–print archives as a means of increasing the availability of scholarly communication. Continued support of this work remains a cornerstone of the Open Archives program. The fundamental technological framework and standards that are developing to support this work are, however, independent of the both the type of content offered and the economic mechanisms surrounding that content, and promise to have much broader relevance in opening up access to a range of digital materials. As a result, the Open Archives Initiative is currently an organization and an effort explicitly in transition, and is committed to exploring and enabling this new and broader range of applications. As we gain greater knowledge of the scope of applicability of the underlying technology and standards being developed, and begin to understand the structure and culture of the various adopter communities, we expect that we will have to make continued evolutionary changes to both the mission and organization of the Open Archives Initiative.

The OAI–ORE Executive provides overall leadership to the project and holds primary responsibility for the project budget and the ultimate success of the work. Carl Lagoze – Computing and Information Science, Cornell University, Herbert Van de Sompel – Digital Library Research and Prototyping, Los Alamos National Laboratory Research Library.

Funding and Support: Support for Open Archives Initiative activities has come from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Coalition for Networked Information, the Digital Library Federation, and from the National Science Foundation (IIS–9817416 and IIS–0430906)."

(Open Archives Initiative)

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TAGS

access • adopter communities • Andrew W. Mellon Foundationarchivearchives • availability of scholarly communication • Coalition for Networked Information • content • Digital Library Federation • digital materials • dissemination of content • e-print • e-print archives • ePrint • evolutionary changes • interoperability standards • metadata • metadata harvesting • National Science Foundation • new and broader range of applications • OAI-ORE • OAI-PMHopenOpen Archives Initiative • Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting • open protocols • opening up access • protocolprotocols • research documents • scope of applicability • structure and culture • technological framework • technological standards • underlying standards • underlying technology

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
23 JANUARY 2011

OSA: actively collecting, preserving, and making openly accessible documents related to recent history and human rights

"The Open Society Archives (OSA) at Central European University is an archival laboratory. While actively collecting, preserving, and making openly accessible documents related to recent history and human rights, we continue to experiment with new ways to contextualize primary sources, developing innovative tools to explore, represent, or bridge traditional archival collections in a digital environment. Our approach to acquisition is increasingly proactive and inclusive, and we actively seek out non–traditional material, material previously marginalized based on its content, social origin, or form. At OSA Archivum, professional archival work is integrated with public programs, and our Galeria Centralis serves as the focal point of exhibitions, performances, film screenings, lectures, and seminars. Through all of these endeavors, we advocate: open access and transparency in public administration; equal rights to information; the ethical use of private data; open formats and open standards; and broad access to cultural heritage."

(The Open Society Archives, Hungary)

TAGS

archival laboratory • archival work • archive • broad access to cultural heritage • Central European University • collectcollectioncontextcontextualisationcultural formscultural heritagedigital culturedigital environment • equal rights to information • ethical use of private dataethics • Galeria Centralis • Hungaryinformation in contextintegrationknowledge commons • non-traditional material • old mediaopenopen access • open formats • Open Society Archives • open standards • OSA • OSA Archivum • preservationprimary sources • recent history • social construction of knowledgesocial constructionism • social origin • traditional archival collections

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
26 DECEMBER 2010

Envisioning the Post-LMS Era: The Open Learning Network

"Institutions, teachers, and learners are increasingly turning to the open architecture and customizability of the web. In doing so, they are leveraging the tools and resources of the larger PLE to create their own personal learning networks (PLNs) to manage information, create content, and connect with others. Whether termed PLEs or PLNs, these approaches 'represent a shift away from the model in which students consume information through independent channels such as the library, a textbook, or an LMS, moving instead to a model where students draw connections from a growing matrix of resources that they select and organize.' Scott Leslie's impressive collection of PLE diagrams reminds us that PLNs are infinitely configurable to meet individual needs and preferences. They are, after all, 'personal.'

The vision of individually constructed PLNs and their potential to transform learning extends beyond merely aggregating and using a smorgasbord of web–based tools and content. Gardner Campbell advocated the cultivation of 'personal cyberinfrastructures' that teachers and learners can leverage to become the 'system administrators of their own digital lives.' Instead of implementing tools that simply help instructors 'manage learning,' Campbell argued that we should embrace technologies that enable co–learners to frame, curate, share, and direct learning 'engagement streams.' John Seely Brown and Richard Adler argued that learning with Web 2.0 tools is so different that we ought to call it 'learning 2.0.' They asserted that, unlike old passive forms of learning, the new learner–centric paradigm (facilitated and reinforced by new tools) emphasizes participation over presentation, encourages focused conversation over traditional publication, and 'facilitates innovative explorations, experimentations, and purposeful tinkerings that often form the basis of a situated understanding emerging from action, not passivity.' The net result is an 'open participatory learning ecosystem.'"

(Jonathan Mott, 2010)

Mott, J. (2010). 'Envisioning the Post–LMS Era: The Open Learning Network.' Educause Quarterly 33(1).

Fig.1 Vahid Masrour 'synthetic view of what a PLN/E is, and what it enables'.
Fig.2 Scott Leslie 'collection of PLE diagrams'.

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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