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Which clippings match 'Women In History' keyword pg.1 of 1
28 DECEMBER 2012

Influential American experimental cinema: Meshes of the Afternoon

"Meshes of the Afternoon is one of the most influential works in American experimental cinema. A non–narrative work, it has been identified as a key example of the 'trance film,' in which a protagonist appears in a dreamlike state, and where the camera conveys his or her subjective focus. The central figure in Meshes of the Afternoon, played by Deren, is attuned to her unconscious mind and caught in a web of dream events that spill over into reality. Symbolic objects, such as a key and a knife, recur throughout the film; events are open–ended and interrupted. Deren explained that she wanted 'to put on film the feeling which a human being experiences about an incident, rather than to record the incident accurately.'

Made by Deren with her husband, cinematographer Alexander Hammid, Meshes of the Afternoon established the independent avant–garde movement in film in the United States, which is known as the New American Cinema. It directly inspired early works by Kenneth Anger, Stan Brakhage, and other major experimental filmmakers. Beautifully shot by Hammid, a leading documentary filmmaker and cameraman in Europe (where he used the surname Hackenschmied) before he moved to New York, the film makes new and startling use of such standard cinematic devices as montage editing and matte shots. Through her extensive writings, lectures, and films, Deren became the preeminent voice of avant–garde cinema in the 1940s and the early 1950s."

(MoMA, 2004)

The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999.

Maya Deren (1943). "Meshes of the Afternoon", 16mm film, black and white, silent, 14 min. Acquired from the Artist.

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TAGS

16mm1943 • Alexander Hackenschmied • Alexander Hammid • American cinemaavant-garde cinemablack and whiteBolexcinemacinematic devicescloakdeathdream • dream world • dreamlike qualityeditingexperimental cinemaexperimental film • experimental filmmaker • filmfilm pioneerfilmmakerflowerFreudianindependent cinemainfluential directorinfluential worksKenneth Angerkeyknife • matte • Maya Deren • Meshes of the Afternoon • mirrorMoMA • New American Cinema • non-narrativeopen-endedpersonal filmrecurring ideasrepetitionrhythmscreen-mediated virtual spaceseminalsilent filmstaircaseStan Brakhagesurrealist cinemasymbolic meaningsymbolism • Teiji Ito • tranceunconscious desires • unconscious meaning • women in filmwomen in historywordless

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
05 APRIL 2012

Australian Women's History Forum: an online resource about women who have shaped Australian history

"The Australian Women's History Forum (AWHF) aims to enhance understanding of the role of women in the history of Australia.

The AWHF website provides resources for teachers, students and others keen to know more about women's history. A key activity of AWHF is the celebration each March of Women's History Month, originally an initiative of Helen Leonard.

The AWHF website is a gateway to online information on women who have shaped Australian history. It is being developed as a useful resource for teachers, students, media professionals, travellers, professional historians, family and local historians, writers and filmmakers, librarians, archivists, curators and collectors."

(Australian Women's History Forum)

Fig.1 1942 165 Australian Land Army Girls (WANS), A wheelbarrow full of vegetables. During war time service with the WANS (Womens Auxiliary National Service), Land Army. Wamberal, Gosford. New South Wales [http://www.naa.gov.au].

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TAGS

1942Australia • Australian history • Australian Womens History Forum • AWHF • gender • Helen Leonard • historianshistory • important women in history • March • online information • online resource • professional historians • resource for archivists • resource for collectors • resource for curators • resource for librarians • resource for media professionals • resource for students • resource for teachers • resource for writers • WANS • websitewomenwomen in history • Womens Auxiliary National Service • Womens History Month • World War II

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
22 SEPTEMBER 2011

Lost tapes of the Dr Who composer

"Delia Derbyshire was working in the BBC's Radiophonic Workshop in 1963 when she was given the score for a theme tune to a new science fiction series.

She turned those dots on a page into the swirling, shimmering Doctor Who title music – although it is the score's author, Ron Grainer, who is credited as the composer.

Now David Butler, of Manchester University's School of Arts, Histories and Cultures has revealed for the first time the existence of 267 tapes found in Ms Derbyshire's attic when she died in 2001.

They were, until last March, in the safekeeping of Mark Ayres, archivist for the Radiophonic Workshop – and have lain unheard for more than 30 years."

(Nigel Wrench, 18 July 2008, BBC NEWS)

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TAGS

1963 • archivist • authorshipBBCBBC Radiophonic Workshopcomposercultural heritageDelia DerbyshireDoctor Who • Manchester University • Mark Ayres • music compositionpioneerpioneering womenRadiophonic Workshop • Ron Grainer • science fictionscore • shimmering • soundtrackswirling • tapes • televisiontheme tunetitle musicUKwomen in historywomen in music

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
30 NOVEMBER 2008

The Electronic Music Pioneer Daphne Oram

"Daphne Oram (1925 – 2003) is one of the central figures in the development of British experimental electronic music. Early in her career she declined a place at the Royal College of Music to become a "music balancer" at the BBC, and as co–founder and first director of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, she is credited with the invention of a new form of sound synthesis – Oramics. Not only is this one of the earliest forms of electronic sound synthesis, it is noteworthy for being audiovisual in nature – i.e. the composer draws onto a synchronised set of ten 35mm film strips which overlay a series of photo–electric cells, generating electrical charges to control amplitude, timbre, frequency, and duration.This system was a key part of early BBC Radiophonic Workshop practice. However, after Daphne left the BBC (in 1959), her research, including Oramics, continued in relative secrecy."

(daphneoram.org)

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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