"Oil billionaires Charles and David Koch's tremendous spending power and reach––what the media has dubbed the 'Kochtopus'––is unrivaled. The conservative nonprofit David founded, Americans for Prosperity, has said it plans to spend $45 million this election cycle, more than three times the $13 million the Democratic Governors Association has on hand as of mid–October. There's no way of knowing how much the Kochs have given to the AFP or any other group; new Senate legislation allows tax exempt nonprofits to raise unlimited funds without disclosure. Publicly, only about $3.9 million can be traced to the brothers, including a $1 million donation to the Republican Governors Association from David, a former vice presidential candidate for the Libertarian Party."
(Clare O'Connor, Forbes.com, 21 October 2010)
Fig.1 Scott Mitchell (6 April 2011 at 01:32pm). "The Beast File: Koch Brothers", ABC News, [available at: http://hungrybeast.abc.net.au/stories/beast–file–koch–brothers] via: mrpolity1 (uploaded 2 June 2011). "Koch Brothers – The Kochtopus", YouTube
"Politics is now 'defined within the media space – a new public space'. The reality is, as he put it, 'it's a binary model; you must be in the media to be in politics you must influence it'. This creates problems, for whilst 'neither Berlusconi nor Murdoch dictates everything' they can influence minds and votes. People read the media headlines about a party programme, rather than the manifestos themselves (although Labour was not helped 2001 with the Prescott punch on the same day as their manifesto launch). Politicians now must ask themselves, 'What is a credible message to translate through the media?' Hence the media acts as a powerful filter to the public."
(Tom Ogg, 2004)
Manuel Castells: Politics and Power in the Network Society, LSE Miliband Public Lecture, London, 18 March 2004
"Rupert Murdoch has said he will try to block Google from using news content from his companies.
The billionaire told Sky News Australia he will explore ways to remove stories from Google's search indexes, including Google News.
Mr Murdoch's News Corp had previously said it would start charging online customers across all its websites.
He believes that search engines cannot legally use headlines and paragraphs of news stories as search results.
'There's a doctrine called 'fair use', which we believe to be challenged in the courts and would bar it altogether,' Mr Murdoch told the TV channel. 'But we'll take that slowly.'
Mr Murdoch announced earlier this year that the websites of his news organisations would begin charging for access."
(BBC News, 9 November 2009)
"In a paper this week, [Danah] Boyd said typical Facebook users 'tend to come from families who emphasise education and going to college. They are primarily white, but not exclusively'. MySpace, meanwhile, 'is still home for Latino and Hispanic teens, immigrant teens' as well as 'other kids who didn't play into the dominant high school popularity paradigm'.
Ms Boyd also conjectures that the US military's recent decision to ban personnel from using sites including MySpace is evidence of social fissures in the armed forces. 'A month ago, the military banned MySpace but not Facebook. This was a very interesting move because there's a division, even in the military. Soldiers are on MySpace; officers are on Facebook.'
MySpace, owned by Rupert Murdoch, has enjoyed massive success – particularly among young music fans – and recently became the most visited site on the web. But Facebook, started by Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg, has been gaining ground. Figures last month suggested it had more than 3.5 million UK users. Until last year membership was limited to university students and individuals with an email address from an academic institution. This, said Ms Boyd, has given the site higher value among aspirational teens."
(Bobbie Johnson, 26 June 2007)
"Al Gore yesterday unveiled plans to launch a UK version of his 'user generated' network, Current TV, with the help of BSkyB, the pay–TV giant of which Rupert Murdoch is chairman. ... Internet networking sites such as MySpace and video sharing services such as YouTube and Google Video have forced broadcasters to learn from them. ...
Mr Gore said the launch of a localised version of Current TV in the UK next spring was the first step in taking the network global. The schedule, made up of 'pods' of between five seconds and 15 minutes, averaging four minutes, is also dictated by viewers via the internet.
The dramatic growth in video blogging sites like YouTube has been cited as a key influencing factor in the development of Al Gore and James Murdoch's recent Internet/broadcasting hybrid called Current TV."
(Owen Gibson, 7 October 2006, The Guardian)