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Which clippings match 'Lisable' keyword pg.1 of 1
26 MAY 2015

Welcome to our corporate-controlled future Internet with Facebook Instant Articles et al.

"There's a generational shift in technology happening right now: From the open Web to native apps, from desktops to mobile phones, from platforms built on standards to platforms owned by corporations. Let's call it the second Internet. Here's what it looks like: "Facebook Instant Article". That's right — it's Facebook. More than 1.44 billion people use Facebook every month, and almost a billion of them use it every day. The majority do so via the Facebook app on their phones.

Think about that: A decade ago, the majority of people using the Internet were doing so on desktop computers or laptops, accessing HTML and JavaScript websites. Today, a vast number — maybe not a majority, but a lot — experience the Internet primarily through Facebook's mobile app.

That's why publishers like the New York Times, Buzzfeed, and National Geographic were so eager to test out Facebook's new Instant Articles platform.

This platform puts publishers' stories directly into the Facebook app (on iOS only, for now), where they load more quickly than they would if Facebook just linked to the publishers' websites — which take an average of eight seconds to load, Facebook says. Instant Articles also offer a variety of snazzy tools for publishers to present their images and interactive elements."

(Dylan Tweney, 15 May 15 2015, VentureBeat)

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TAGS

2015boundaries in cyberspace • Buzzfeed • closed systemcontent integrationcontent publishers • corporate exclusivity • corporate-controlled environment • corporatisationexclusivityFacebook app • Facebook Instant Articles • framed by the windowfunctionalist paradigm • future Internet • homogenizationhypermediated spaceimmediacy of experience • Instant Articles platform • instrumental rationalitylisablelogic of hypermediacymobile appsNational Geographic • native apps • New York Timesopen webperformativityproduct usabilitypublishing platform • Slack (app) • sterile placestechnology transparencyunified mediumuniformityusability engineering • VentureBeat • walled garden • window on to the world

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
21 JULY 2012

Roland Barthes: Readerly and Writerly Texts

"The writerly text is a perpetual present, upon which no consequent language (which would inevitably make it past) can be superimposed; the writerly text is ourselves writing, before the infinite play of the world (the world as function) is traversed, intersected, stopped, plasticized by some singular system (Ideology, Genus, Criticism) which reduces the plurality of entrances, the opening of networks, the infinity of languages."

(Roland Barthes, p.5)

1). Roland Barthes (1970). "S/Z" translated by Richard Miller, Blackwell Publishing.
2). A British one penny coin from 1903, which has been defaced by Suffragettes. Crown copyright.

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TAGS

1970 • codes of meaning • Comedie Humaine • criticismdifferancegenusHonore de Balzacideology • infinity of languages • languagelisable • lisible • literary criticismnarratology • opening of networks • ourselves writing • plasticised • plural • plurality • plurality of entrances • polysemouspolysemypost-structuralismreaderly textsRoland Barthes • S/Z • Sarrasine • scriptiblestructuralism • structuralist analysis • text • text of the story • the pastwriterly texts

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
08 OCTOBER 2003

Readerly Texts and Writerly Texts

"Arising from work done during a seminar in the late 1960's, Roland Barthes's S/Z, which was first published in 1970, enacts a hypertextual reading of Honore de Balzac's short story, 'Sarrasine.' In S/Z, Barthes makes the distinction between readerly texts and writerly texts. The readerly text presents a smooth, linear reading where the reader is essentially passive. The writerly text, however, is nonlinear, made up of a infinite plurality of meanings and makes 'the reader no longer a consumer, but a producer of the text' (4). Translated from the French words, lisable and scriptable, the readerly and writerly texts delineate the distinction between 'classic' and modern works. As Barthes writes:'The writerly text is a perpetual present, upon which no consequent language (which would inevitable make it past) can be superimposed; the writerly text is ourselves writing, before the infinite play of the world (the world as function) is traversed, intersected, stopped, plasticized by some singular system (Ideology, Genus, Criticism) which reduces the plurality of entrances, the opening of networks, the infinity of languages'.Classic textuality (the readerly) is embodied in Balzac's 'Sarrasine,' and modern textuality (the writerly) is seen in Barthes's re–reading and re–writing of 'Sarrasine' in S/Z. Essentially through his reading of 'Sarrasine,' Barthes explodes the illusion of unity and wholeness that Balzac's tale presents. As Barthes writes, he 'interrupts' the text to 'star' it or cut it up in to (supposedly arbitrary) lexias or fragments. Each fragment is a 'space in which we can observe meanings' in their plurality. Hence each of these fragments constitutes a paper–version of hypertext. As Barthes writes: In this ideal text, the networks are many and interact, without any one of them being able to surpass the rest; this text is a galaxy of signifiers, not a structure of signifieds; it has no beginning; it is reversible; we gain access to it be several entrances, none of which can be authoritatively declared to be the main one; the codes it mobilizes extend as far as the eye can reach, they are indeterminable. . .based as it is on the infinity of language."
(Angela Mitchell, English Department at the University of Georgia)

1). Roland Barthes (1975). 'S/Z'. London, Jonathan Cape.

TAGS

Angela Mitchell • hypertext • intersected • lisableneologismnonlinearplasticisedpluralityreaderly textsRoland Barthesscriptible • stopped • traversed • UGA • University of Georgia • writerly texts
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