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27 DECEMBER 2013

Stephen Downes: Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 (as per 2007)



2007 • co-op learning • conferenceconnectivism • distributed representation • e-learninge-learning 2.0e-portfolioeducationeducation technologiesgame-based learning • immersive learning • intangible creations • keynote presentation • learning networkslearning objectsmobile learningonline learning • Online Learning Environment (OLe) • open coursewareopen learning • patterns of connectivity • Personal Learning Environment • pervasive learning • PLE • podcasting • RSS Writr • Stephen DownesTaipeiTaiwantrends • ubiquitous learning • video lecture • vodcasting • Writely (Upstartle)


Simon Perkins
25 JULY 2012

Stephen Downes: the use of online media and services in education

"Stephen Downes is a senior researcher for Canada's National Research Council and a leading proponent of the use of online media and services in education. As the author of the widely–read OLDaily online newsletter, Downes has earned international recognition for his leading–edge work in the field of online learning. He developed some of Canada's first online courses at Assiniboine Community College in Brandon, Manitoba. He also built a learning management system from scratch and authored the now–classic 'The Future of Online Learning'.

At the University of Alberta he built a learning and research portal for the municipal sector in that province, Munimall, and another for the Engineering and Geology sector, PEGGAsus. He also pioneered the development of learning objects and was one of the first adopters and developers of RSS content syndication in education. Downes introduced the concept of e–learning 2.0 and with George Siemens developed and defined the concept of Connectivism, using the social network approach to deliver open online courses to three thousand participants over two years."

(Stephen Downes)


Canadaconnectivisme-learninge-learning 2.0educationeducation content syndicationGeorge Siemens • leading proponent • learning • learning and research portal • Learning Management Systemlearning objects • municipal sector • National Research Council of Canadanew media • newsletter • OLDaily • online courses • online education media • online education servicesonline learning • online newsletter • open online courses • PEGGAsus • social networkStephen Downessyndicationteaching • The Future of Online Learning • University of Alberta


Simon Perkins
30 JUNE 2012

Pedagogical affordances of syndication, aggregation, and mash-up of content on the Web

"As Internet and online learning become more and more incorporated into our courses, syllabi, and teaching materials, it becomes increasingly important that the impact the Web is having on changing perceptions of literacy carries over to the way we practice teaching and learning. Here we will focus on which collaborative online tools can most appropriately be applied in online and blended courses to foster reading and writing. Specifically, we will discuss some of the freely available social networking platforms and tools, their common features, and how these can help language learners find, aggregate and harvest learning objects while connecting to other people on the Web at large. We will also introduce two web publishing projects, and Writingmatrix, and explain how they function to facilitate this process and encourage connections."

(Barbara Dieu and Vance Stevens, 2007)

Fig.1 Michael Wesch, "The Machine is Us/ing Us (Final Version)" []

2). Barbara Dieu and Vance Stevens (June 2007). TESL–EJ: "Pedagogical Affordances of Syndication, Aggregation, and Mash–up of Content on the Web". TESL–EJ, Volume 11, Number 1. Available online:http://tesl–


2007academic journal • aggregate and harvest • aggregation • blended courses • blended learning • changing perceptions • collaborative online tools • common features • connecting to other peoplecontent on the webcourses • • encourage connections • English as a second language • freely available • impact of the Web • Internetlanguage learnerslearning objectsliteracymash-upMichael Weschonline learning • pedagogical affordances • reading and writing • social networking platforms • social networking tools • syllabi • syllabussyndicationteaching and learningteaching materialsteaching practicewebweb publishing • Writingmatrix


Simon Perkins
25 JUNE 2005

Learning Objects: Independent Elements Organised Through Instructional Models

"Wiley's definition of learning objects [can be defined] as "any digital resource that can be reused to support learning". The idea behind learning objects is clearly grounded in the object–oriented paradigm: independent pieces of instruction that may be reused in multiple learning contexts and that fulfil the principles of encapsulation, abstraction and inheritance. Therefore, they have been historically described as Lego pieces, because as Legos do, learning objects can be assembled into lager instructional structures and reused for building other structures. But there is a substantial difference, learning objects are not at all combinable to any other learning object. It is very likely that assembling learning objects without any instructional model will hardly be educationally useful."

(Baltasar Fernandez–Manjon and Pilar Sancho, Universidad Complutense de Madrid)



Baltasar Fernandez-ManjonDavid Wiley • instructional model • learning objectsLEGOobject-oriented design • OO • pedagogyPilar Sanchoreuse
02 MAY 2005

Customised Collections Of Learning Objects From Multiple Repositories

Alan Levine (Maricopa Community Colleges), Brian Lamb (University of British Columbia), D’Arcy Norman (University of Calgary)
Customised collections of learning objects from multiple repositories are achieved with simple, existing RSS protocols, creating access to a wider range of objects than a single source. This provides discipline–specific windows into collections, contextual wrappers via blogging tools, and a system for connecting objects and implementations via TrackBack.



Alan Levine • blog • Brian Lamb • learning objects • Norman • permalink • persistent identificationrepositoryRSS • TrackBack • XML

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