"Sonic Outlaws, a fragmented, gleefully anarchic documentary by Craig Baldwin, approaches this incident from several directions. Some of the film is about the legal nightmare that ensued from Negativland's little joke. In a highly publicized case, U2's label, Island Records, charged Negativland with copyright and trademark infringement for appropriating the letter U and the number 2, even though U2 had in turn borrowed its name from the Central Intelligence Agency. SST then dropped Negativland, suppressed the record and demanded that the group pay legal fees. Trying to remain solvent, Negativland sent out a barrage of letters and legal documents that are now collected in 'Fair Use', an exhaustive, weirdly fascinating scrapbook about the case.
Sonic Outlaws covers some of the same territory while also expanding upon the ideas behind Negativland's guerilla recording tactics. Guerilla is indeed the word, since these and other appropriation artists see themselves as engaged in real warfare, inundated by the commercial airwaves, infuriated by the propaganda content of much of what they hear and see, these artists strike back by rearranging contexts as irreverently as possible. Their technological capabilities are awesome enough to mean no sound or image is tamper-proof today."
"The Copyright Licensing Agency Limited (CLA) are a licensing body as defined by the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988. CLA was set up in 1983 and is owned by the Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society Ltd. (ALCS) and the Publishers' Licensing Society Ltd. (PLS) to perform collective licensing on their behalf. We also have an agency agreement with the Design and Artists Copyright Society Ltd.(DACS) that enables us to license the copying of artistic works on their behalf. We are a leading member of the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations (IFRRO)."
(Copyright Licensing Agency)
Fig.2 Copyright Licensing Agency (May 2012), "Copyright and The Creative Industries".
This video "discusses the Senate version of the PROTECT IP Act, but the House bill that was introduced TODAY is much much worse.
It'll give the government new powers to block Americans' access websites that corporations don't like. The bill would criminalize posting all sorts of standard web content –– music playing in the background of videos, footage of people dancing, kids playing video games, and posting video of people playing cover songs.
This legislation will stifle free speech and innovation, and even threaten popular web services like Twitter, YouTube, and Facebook.
The bill was just introduced: We need to act now to let our lawmakers know just how terrible it is. Will you fill out the form above to ask your lawmakers to oppose the legislation?"
(Fight for the Future, 2011)
[Another naive effort by government & big media to re–conceptualise their economic models in the face of profound change.]
"When awarding any penalties or damages, the Tribunal must consider whether or not at the time of the file sharing and copyright infringement the material in question was freely available for sale in New Zealand for New Zealanders.
If the material wasn't available for sale in New Zealand at the time the infringement is said to have occurred, the rights holder cannot claim a loss due to losing out on one or more sales.
If the download caused no loss to the rights holder, the Tribunal cannot award penalties against the person accused of infringing."
1). public submission by Juha Saarinen to the New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development regarding the Aotearoa New Zealand Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Act.
"(Apr. 18, 2011) On April 14, 2011, the New Zealand parliament passed the Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill. (Press Release, Hon. Simon Power, New Regime for Section 92a Copyright Infringements (Apr. 14, 2011) [Press Release 1]; see also Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill, New Zealand Legislation website (last visited Apr. 14, 2011).)
The bill establishes a new three–notice regime that seeks to deter illegal online file–sharing, replacing the previous approach that was set out by section 92A of the Copyright Act 1994. Section 92A, which was enacted in 2008 but never brought into force, would have required internet service providers (ISPs) to have, and reasonably implement, a policy for terminating the accounts of customers who repeatedly downloaded pirated material. (Press Release, Hon. Simon Power, Government to Amend Section 92A (Mar. 23, 2009); Press Release, Hon. Simon Power, Section 92A Bill Introduced to Parliament Today (Feb. 23, 2010); see also Press Release, Hon. Judith Tizard, Copyright (New Technologies) Amendment Comes into Force (Oct. 3, 2008).) ...
This regime will come into force from September 1, 2011, although it will not apply to cellular mobile networks until October 2013. (Press Release 1, supra.)"
(Kelly Buchanan, Global Legal Monitor, USA Law Library of Congress)