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Which clippings match '1937' keyword pg.1 of 2
21 JULY 2014

Jewish Voice for Peace: Israel/Palestine 101

Fig.1 short animated introduction to Israel–Palestine situation created by Jewish Voice for Peace.

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TAGS

1937194719482D animationautonomyawareness raisingbelligerencecivil libertiesconflictcontested state • David Ben-Gurion • demolition • expropriation • fertile landGaza StripGeneva conventionhegemonyhistoryhistory of conflicthuman rights violationideological intoleranceillegal behaviour • illegal settlement • indignities • international community • international consensus • IsraelIsraeli-Palestinian conflictJewish peopleJewish settlers • Jewish state • Jewish Voice for Peace • Middle Eastmilitarized resistance movements • military force • militia • nationhood • occupied territory • occupying powerownershipPalestine • Palestinian Arabs • Palestinian territories • partition • partition plan • peace • Peel partition plan • Peel plan • polemic • protestrefugeerespectRonald Reagansegregationsettlement • sovereign states • sovereigntyState of IsraelState of Palestineterritorial bordersterritorialisationterritorytoleranceUnited NationsUnited Stateswallwarwar over water • West Bank • Zionist

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
20 SEPTEMBER 2013

The Mass Observation Archive: a UK social history writing project

"The Mass Observation Project (MOP) is a unique UK–based writing project which has been running since 1981. ... [it] differs from other similar social investigations because of its historical link to the original Mass Observation and because of its focus is on voluntary, self–motivated participation. It revives the early Mass Observation notion that everyone can participate in creating their own history or social science. The Mass Observers do not constitute a statistically representative sample of the population but can be seen as reporters or 'citizen journalists' who provide a window on their worlds.

The material is solicited in response to 'directives' or open–ended questions sent to them by post or email three times a year. The directives contain two or three broad themes which cover both very personal issues and wider political and social issues and events.

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TAGS

1937198120th century21st century • Charles Madge • citizen journalismconfessioncultural heritagediagramdiary • directives • drawingseventseveryday lifehistorical archiveshistorical chronicles • Humphrey Jennings • letterslistlongitudinal studymapMass Observation Project (MOP)material culture • memoir • open-ended questionsopinion • ordinary people • personal experiencephotographsplacespolitical issuesposterity • press cutting • qualitative researchresearch resourcesself knowledge • self-identity • self-revelationsocial historysocial issuessocial researchstatistically representative samplestoriessubjectivitytheir storiesthematic patterns • Tom Harrisson • UK • University of Sussex • voluntary participationwriting project

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
27 JUNE 2013

Letritia Kandle's pioneering 1937 National Grand Letar

"This new instrument, known as the 'Grand Letar,' is the invention of Letritia Kandle shown here playing it. She designed it and had it built specially for her. The instrument as 26 strings and a lighting effect that is very new and novel, being he first instrument to change color while it is played.

The string grouping used on the I 'Grand Letar' which has complete harmony has been studied and developed by Miss Kandle over a period of six years, the development being derived from an eighteen string triple–neck Hawaiian guitar which he also designed and had built for her. Miss Kandle has played coast to coast programs over NBC and has done electrical transcription work for RCA. She also has had her own string ensemble for which she did all the arranging.

Miss Kandle demonstrated this instrument at the recent manufacturers convention in New York City."

(Down Beat, 1937)

"Designs New 24 String Guitar", Down Beat Chicago, October, 1937 [http://1.bp.blogspot.com/–RWXEdfUowkI/UKYBHr–Te2I/AAAAAAAABd0/1lOE20w_nC8/s1600/LetritiaDownBeatArticle.jpg]

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TAGS

1937Chicagodevice • Down Beat (magazine) • electric guitar • electric sound production • experimental musical instrumentguitar • Hawaiian guitar • industrial designinnovationinventor • Letritia Kandle • musicmusic historymusical instrument • National Grand Letar • NBC • New York Citypioneering women • RCA Records • women in music

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
16 JANUARY 2013

1937 Munich exhibition of Degenerate Art

"00:25:43 Wide view of the new House of German Art, a museum dedicated to Nazi–approved artwork, with long, white columns. 00:26:03 Across the street, INTs of the 1937 exhibition of Entartete Kunst ['Degenerate Art'] on the second floor of the Institute of Archaeology. Room 1 with 'Kruzifixus' [Crucified Christ] sculpture by Ludwig Gies (1921), formerly in Luebeck cathedral. 00:26:66 Room 3 with 'Maedchen mit blauem Haar' [Girl with Blue Hair] by Eugen Hoffmann. Wall text refers to a Kandinsky piece 'Zweierlei Rot' (1928) purchased for the National Gallery in Berlin for 2,000 marks as 'paid by taxes from the working German people.' 00:26:39 Wide view of the crowds in Room 3, including the mocking inscription by Georg Grosz, 'Nehmen Sie Dada ernst! Es lohnt sich.' [Take Dada seriously! It's worth it.] Male docent showing visitors Room 3 with 'Springendes Pferd' [Jumping Horse] by expressionist Heinrich Campendonk from the National Gallery and the small painting 'Um den Fisch' [Around the Fish] by Paul Klee. 00:27:13 Visitors moving through Room 3, looking at sculptures beneath an inscription in wavy lines, 'We act as if we were painters, poets, or whatever, but we...are just putting one giant swindle over on the world....' 00:27:24 Exhibit lobby with large head sculpture 'Der neue Mensch' [The New Man] by Otto Freundlich (1912), which was used for the cover of the exhibition guide. 00:27:37 EXTs, people coming out of the building, car and bicycle pass by on the street. Large sign over exhibition entrance: 'Ausstellung 'Entartete Kunst' Eintritt frei.' [Exhibition 'Degenerate Art' Free entrance.] INT, Room 4 with 'Der Strand' [The Beach] by Max Beckmann. 00:28:00 Profile view of two women looking at paintings by Ernst Kirchner and Oskar Kokoschka in Room 4 with 'Sitzender Mann' [Sitting Man] by Erich Heckel of the artists' group 'Die Bruecke' [The Bridge] and 'Die Mulattin' [The Mulatto Woman] by Emil Nolde behind them. Men view works in Room 4 and move through exhibit. 00:28:33 Room 5 with 'Bahnhof in Koenigstein' [Koenigstein station] by Ernst Kirchner, 'Blumen und Tieren' [Flowers and Animals] by Heinrich Campendonk (1926), 'Handstand' by Willi Baumeister, 'Im Kanu' [In the Canoe] by Jean Metzinger, 'Komposition' [Composition] by Piet Mondrian (1929), 'Stilleben' [Still Life] by Karl Schmitt–Rottluff (1932). 00:29:07 The inscription over the doorway from Room 6 to Room 7, 'Sie hatten vier Jahre Zeit.' [They had four years' time.] In Room 1, 'Christus und die Suenderin' [Christ and the Sinner] by Emil Nolde (1929). Visitors before the Dada wall in Room 3, pan to right."

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TAGS

1937 • degenerate art • deviant status • Emil Nolde • Entartete Kunst • Erich Heckel • Ernst Kirchner • Eugen Hoffmann • exhibitionExhibition of Degenerate Art • Georg Grosz • Heinrich Campendonk • House of German Art • Jean Metzinger • Julien Bryan • Karl Schmitt-Rottluff • Kruzifixus • Ludwig Gies • Max Beckmann • modern artMunichmuseumNazi Germany • Nazi-approved artwork • Oskar Kokoschka • Otto Freundlich • out-groups • Paul Klee • Piet MondrianUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum • Wassily Kandinsky • white columns • Willi Baumeister

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
16 JANUARY 2013

Call to Order: the pretentious sterility of culture

"In a masterstroke of design, the curator of Chaos and Classicism, Kenneth Silver, chose a work of art to illustrate the Nazi annexation of neoclassicism that at first glance is anything but threatening. The Four Elements by Adolf Ziegler decorated the walls of Hitler's Munich apartment. A member of the Nazi Party, Ziegler was charged by Hitler in 1937 to stage–manage the purge of modern art in the notorious Exhibition of Degenerate Art. Ziegler's depiction of four nude women who symbolize fire, earth, air and water, the four elements of nature recognized in antiquity, personifies little but the pretentious sterility of culture under the Third Reich. Yet, it is the perfect embodiment of the banality of evil."

(Ed Voves, 4 October 2010)

Fig.1 Adolf Ziegler, The Four Elements: Fire, Water and Earth, Air, (Die vier Elemente. Feuer, Wasser und Erde, Luft), before 1937, Oil on canvas, three panels, left to right: 170.3 x 85.2 cm, 171 x 190.8 cm, and 161.3 x 76.7 cm, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Sammlung Moderner Kunst in der Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich.

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TAGS

1937Adolf Hitler • Adolf Ziegler • air • antiquitybanalitycall to orderchaos and classicismclassical beautyclassical formcorrectioncultural productionEarth • elements • emasculation • essential elements of artessentialismExhibition of Degenerate Artfascismfire • Kenneth Silver • masterstroke of design • modern artmodernismMunichnatureNazi • Nazi Party • neoclassical revivalneoclassicismnude women • pretentious sterility of culture • purificationpurity • racial purity • return to ordersterility • The Four Elements • Third Reichwaterwork of art

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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