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Which clippings match 'Intermezzo' keyword pg.1 of 1
10 JANUARY 2013

Interstitials: messages or declarations addressed to the viewer

"Interstitials can therefore be found within programmes as well as around them. They constitute a class of television output rather than a genre. They consist of messages or declarations addressed to the viewer from outside the diegetic worlds of fiction or the discourses of news, documentary and factuality. They consist of metadata about both the programme of the moment and the future plans of the broadcaster. They bring together the past and future of broadcasting within its present moment. In addition to this metadata function, other forms of interstitial come from agencies beyond the world of broadcasting who are given conditional access to broadcasting: the advertisers, the sponsors and the government in the form of its public service announcements. This is a whole class of television output: heterogeneous, but occupying a distinct position in relation to the other class of television that is programmes of whatever genre. Sometimes interstitials overlap with or invade programmes. Interstitials make up a class that we have to learn to distinguish. One of the problems of arriving in a new television culture is that of learning how the interstitials work – what they are trying to tell you; how they interlace with the programmes; how they shape the spaces that the programmes occupy; and how they build anticipation and delay into the development of those programmes. It can take an appreciable amount of time to become a skilled viewer as a result."

(John Ellis, 2011, p.95)

Published in: Ephemeral Media, Transitory Screen Culture from Television to YouTube Edited by Paul Grainge Palgrave Macmillan, November 2011 ISBN: 978–1–84457–434–6, ISBN10: 1–84457–434–2


addressed to the vieweradvertisersbeyond the world of broadcastingbringing togetherbroadcaster • building anticipation • class of television output • declarations • delay • diegetic spaceexpositionfactualityfictional world • forms of interstitial • from outside • interlace • intermezzointerstitials • invading • messages • new television culture • positioned around • positioned within • public service announcements • sequential composition • shape the spaces • sponsors • television • television output • television programmes


Simon Perkins
11 JUNE 2004

A Thousand Plateaus: Rhizome

"Write to the nth power, the n – 1 power, write with slogans: Make rhizomes, not roots, never plant! Don't sow, grow offshoots! Don't be one or multiple, be multiplicities! Run lines, never plot a point! Speed turns the point into a line! Be quick, even when standing still! Line of chance, line of hips, line of flight. Don't bring out the General in you! Don't have just ideas, just have an idea (Godard). Have short–term ideas. Make maps, not photos or drawings. Be the Pink Panther and your loves will be like the wasp and the orchid, the cat and the baboon. As they say about old man river:
He don't plan 'tatos
Don't plant cotton
Them that plants them is soon forgotten
But old man river he just keeps rollin' along
A rhizome has no beginning or end; it is always in the middle, between things, interbeing, intermezzo. The tree is filiation, but the rhizome is alliance, uniquely alliance. The tree imposes the verb 'to be,' but the fabric of the rhizome is conjunction, 'and . . . and . . . and' This conjunction carries enough force to shake and uproot the verb 'to be.' Where are you going? Where are you coming from? What are you heading for? These are totally useless questions."
(Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattari, p.24–25)

Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari (2002). 'A Thousand Plateaus Capitalism and Schizophrenia'. London, Continuum.



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