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Which clippings match 'Groundbreaking' keyword pg.1 of 1
16 MARCH 2014

Space Invaders (1978): the groundbreaking arcade game

"Space Invaders is quite simply the most influential video–game of all time. A single player moves an armed 'base' left or right along the bottom of the screen and shoots the endless waves of aliens marching relentlessly down the screen towards earth. There are four buildings (shields) at the bottom of the screen that the player can hide behind, but these will eventually be destroyed by either enemy missiles or by direct contact with the invaders themselves. The player's shots will also destroy the shields. The aliens' descent quickens as they are eliminated, making them harder to hit. A flying saucer will fly across the top of the screen at regular intervals and can be shot to earn extra points."

(Alexis Bousiges and Kukulcan, Arcade–History)

Fig.2 Youths play on a Space Invaders machine in Newcastle (UK) in December 1980.

Fig.3 Space World, Auckland (Aotearoa New Zealand), 1982.

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19788-bitalien beingsarcade gamearcade machine • Arcade Video Game • Arcade-History • black and whiteclassic video gamescoin operatedcomputer historygroundbreakinghistory and culturehistory of video gamesinfluential works • misspent youth • shootoutSpace Invadersspacies • Taito Corporation • Tomohiro Nishikado • UFOvideo gamevideo game consolevintage technology

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
28 SEPTEMBER 2012

Tuning In: A Film About Karlheinz Stockhausen

"Karlheinz Stockhausen (August 22, 1928 – December 5, 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. He is known for his ground–breaking work in electronic music, aleatory (controlled chance) in serial composition, and musical spatialization. ... Similar Artists: Iannis Xenakis, John Cage, Luciano Berio, Luigi Nono, Morton Feldman, Olivier Messiaen, Arnold Schönberg"

(last.fm)

Fig.1 Omnibus (1981). "Tuning In: A Film About Karlheinz Stockhausen", television documentary, BBC1 [published on 13 May 2012 by Thiago Carvalho Fernandes, YouTube].

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1981abstractionacoustic • acoustic abstraction • aleatory • Arnold Schonberg • auditory abstraction • authorshipavant-gardeBBCchance artcomposercomputational aesthetics • controlled chance • creative practicedesign formalismdigital mediadigital pioneerselectronic musicexperimental musicexperimentationGermangroundbreakingIannis XenakisJohn CageKarlheinz Stockhausen • Luciano Berio • Luigi Nono • Morton Feldman • multimediamusicmusic composer • musical spatialisation • Olivier Messiaen • Omnibus (television) • operapatch panelpatternpioneer • serial composition • spatial media • Stockhausen • television documentaryvoices

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
12 OCTOBER 2011

Man With a Movie Camera: Dziga Vertov's groundbreaking film

"Dziga Vertov's Man With A Movie Camera is considered one of the most innovative and influential films of the silent era. Startlingly modern, this film utilizes a groundbreaking style of rapid editing and incorporates innumerable other cinematic effects to create a work of amazing power and energy. Film pioneer Dziga Vertov uses all the cinematic techniques available at the time – dissolves, split screen, slow motion and freeze frames."

(Moving Image Archive)

Fig.1 Dziga Vertov (1929). 'Man With A Movie Camera', VUFKU (The Ukrainian Photo and Cinema Administration).

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1929a film without actorsanimation • backward • Chelovek s kino-apparatom • Cinematic Orchestra • cinematic techniquecity symphonyclose-up • CU • daily lifeday in the lifedocumentary film • double exposure • Dutch angle • Dziga Vertov • ECU • extreme close-up • fast motion • filmfilm directorfilm techniquefootagefreeze framegroundbreakinginfluential worksinventionjump cutMan with a Movie Camera • Mikhail Kaufman • RussianRussian filmmakerself-reflexivity • silent documentary film • silent filmslow motionsplit-screentechniquetracking shot

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
23 APRIL 2007

Aspen: pioneering multimedia magazine of the arts

"Aspen, [was] a multimedia magazine of the arts published by Phyllis Johnson from 1965 to 1971. Each issue came in a customized box filled with booklets, phonograph recordings, posters, postcards ? one issue even included a spool of Super–8 movie film."
(Andrew Stafford)

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196519718mmAspen (magazine)avant-garde • culture breaking • groundbreaking • iconoclastic • magazinemoviemultimedia • multimedia magazine • Phyllis Johnson • pioneer • super 8
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