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31 MARCH 2013

The UK National Centre for Research Methods

"The National Centre for Research Methods (NCRM) forms part of the Economic and Social Research Council's (ESRC) strategy to improve the standards of research methods across the UK social science community. NCRM was established in April 2004 with funding from the ESRC to provide more strategic integration and coordination of ESRC's investment in research methods.

NCRM provides a focal point for research, training and capacity building activities. These activities are aimed at promoting a step change in the quality and range of methodological skills and techniques used by the UK social science community, and providing support for, and dissemination of, methodological innovation and excellence within the UK."

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2004 • capacity building • Economic and Social Research CouncilESRC • methodological innovation • methodological skills • methodological techniques • methodological traditionsNational Centre for Research Methods (NCRM)NCRMresearch methodsresearch scholarshipresearch trainingsocial science • social science community • social science researchsocial sciencesstandards • strategic coordination • strategic integration • UK

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
17 OCTOBER 2012

OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications

"The OpenDocument Format (ODF) is an open XML–based document file format for office applications to be used for documents containing text, spreadsheets, charts, and graphical elements. The file format makes transformations to other formats simple by leveraging and reusing existing standards wherever possible. As an open standard under the stewardship of OASIS, OpenDocument also creates the possibility for new types of applications and solutions to be developed other than traditional office productivity applications."

(Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

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documentfile format • new applications • new solutions • OASIS (acronym) • ODF • office application • office applications • office productivity applications • office software • openopen standard • OpenDocument • OpenDocument Format • Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards • productivity toolsstandardisationstandardstechnology solution • vendor neutral • XML • XML-based • XML-based format

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
15 MARCH 2012

Seeking quality in criterion referenced assessment

"Norm and criterion referenced assessment are two distinctly different methods of awarding grades that express quite different values about teaching, learning and student achievement. Norm referenced assessment, or 'grading on the curve' as it is commonly known, places groups of students into predetermined bands of achievements. Students compete for limited numbers of grades within these bands which range between fail and excellence. This form of grading speaks to traditional and rather antiquated notions of 'academic rigour' and 'maintaining standards'. It says very little about the nature or quality of teaching and learning, or the learning outcomes of students. Grading is formulaic and the procedure for calculating a final grade is largely invisible to students.

Criterion referenced assessment has been widely adopted in recent times because it seeks a fairer and more accountable assessment regime than norm referencing. Students are measured against identified standards of achievement rather than being ranked against each other. In criterion referenced assessment the quality of achievement is not dependent on how well others in the cohort have performed, but on how well the individual student has performed as measured against specific criteria and standards. Underlying this grading scheme is a concern for accountability regarding the qualities and achievements of students, transparency and negotiability in the process by which grades are awarded, an acknowledgement of subjectivity and the exercise of professional judgement in marking."

(Lee Dunn, Sharon Parry and Chris Morgan, 2002)

TAGS

2002 • academic rigour • accountabilityassessmentassessment criteria • assessment regime • awarding grades • banding • benchmark • cohort • criteria and standards • criterion • criterion referenced assessment • education • excellence • fail • fairness • grades • grading • grading on the curve • grading schemeinformation in contextlearninglearning outcomes • marking • measurement • negotiability • norm • norm referenced assessment • norm referencing • pedagogy • predetermined bands of achievements • professional judgement • qualities and achievements • quality of achievement • range • ranked • standardisationstandardised testingstandardsstandards of achievementstudent achievementstudent performancestudentssubjectivityteachingteaching and learning • teaching and learning quality • teaching methodstransparency

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
14 NOVEMBER 2011

The International Society of Typographic Designers

"The International Society of Typographic Designers, ISTD, is a professional body run by and for typographers, graphic designers and educators. As the name suggests, the Society has an international membership, all of whom share its mission to establish and maintain standards of typography and to provide a forum for debate."

(The International Society of Typographic Designers)

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design formalismdesktop publishingeducatorsgraphic designersgraphic representation • international membership • International Society of Typographic Designers • ISTD • printed word • professional association for designprofessional bodystandardstypesettypographers • typographic standards • typographyUK • Vincent Steer • visual communicationvisual design

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
12 MARCH 2011

SMPTE Universal Film Leader

"SMPTE was founded in 1916 to advance theory and development in the motion imaging field. Today, SMPTE publishes ANSI–approved Standards, Recommended Practices, and Engineering Guidelines, along with the highly regarded SMPTE Journal and its peer–reviewed technical papers. SMPTE holds conferences and local Section meetings to bring people and ideas together, allowing for useful interaction and information exchange."

(Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers)

1). SMPTE Universal Film Leader
2). CinemaScope Release Film Leader
3). Universal Film Leader
4). 'Cincinnatus SMPTE Film Leader Test', Internet Archive.
5). Cincinnatus, 'SMPTE Film Leader (Test)', Internet Archive, Creative Commons license [QuickTime 35.4 Mb]
6). Technical document on the Universal Film Leader by the European Broadcasting Union.

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TAGS

16 SOUND START • 16mm1916 • 35 SOUND START • 35mm • Academy Leader • ANSI • cinema • CinemaScope • countdown • engineering guidelines • European Broadcasting Union • film • film countdown • film leader • foot leader • head leader • motion graphicsmoving image • PICTURE START • post productionprojector • recommended practices • SMPTE • Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers • solutionstandardssynchronisation • tail leader • technical document • technical papers • technologytelecine • theatrical motion picture exhibition • timecode • universal film leader • Universal SMPTE Leader

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
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