"Efficiency in human behavior is a goal that is rarely questioned in contemporary culture. This course will study and draw connections between disparate fields to trace the development and influence of this view. The course, drawing a mix of humanities and engineering students, will include readings and lectures on 19th and 20th century philosophers with discussions of new technology and team experimental projects.
Frederick Taylor, the father of industrial engineering, analyzed human motion to optimize industrial productivity, which had great influence on Henry Ford, military logistics, and Stalin. Michel Foucault traced the history of the minute analysis of human motion from Napoleon's methods for transforming peasants into soldiers to modern methods for reforming prisoners. Martin Heidegger claimed that 'efficient ordering' was the defining characteristic of modern culture. Through the course, students will learn to recognize how this obsession with efficiency for its own sake relates to technology and to their daily lives."
(Questioning Efficiency: Human Factors and Existential Phenomenology, UC Berkeley course syllabus, Fall 2006)
"A small test getting a drawing animated. I made one main drawing, and on the following page redrew some elements so I could scan both into Photoshop and cobble together a looping animation. I staggered the elements out over more frames for a little more variation than a simple 2 frame flip."
(Yi–Piao Yeoh, 27 January 2012, Eraser Dust Everywhere)
"New York City–based fashion photographer Jamie Beck, in collaboration with Kevin Burg, a web designer with a background in video and motion graphics, has created a series of gorgeous animated GIFs she calls 'cinemagraphs'. A couple of them feature Canadian supermodel Coco Rocha, and these have gained quite a bit of media exposure recently. According to Rocha, cinemagraphs are 'more than a photo, but not quite a video.'
Even though the concept of animated GIFs is as old as the Internet, the ones circling around the web are often tacky and low brow. Jamie Beck's animated GIFs, on the other hand, have an amazing atmosphere that has elevated the art of animated GIFs.
Jamie Beck's first few animated images were sequenced still shots looped in rapid succession which is a fairly common way of making an animated image. Then he began utilizing more fluid motion isolated in certain parts of an image to to capture a moment of time, but also to un–freeze a still photograph by showing that moment's temporal movement."
(Amusing Planet, 16 Apri 2011)