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11 JULY 2014

The Adventure of English: the evolution of the English language

"The Adventure of English is a British television series (ITV) on the history of the English presented by Melvyn Bragg as well as a companion book, also written by Bragg. The series ran in 2003.

The series and the book are cast as an adventure story, or the biography of English as if it were a living being, covering the history of the language from its modest beginnings around 500 AD as a minor Germanic dialect to its rise as a truly established global language.

In the television series, Bragg explains the origins and spelling of many words based on the times in which they were introduced into the growing language that would eventually become modern English."

[Complete eight part series available on YouTube distributed by Maxwell's collection Pty Limited, Australia]

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TAGS

2002 • A Dictionary of the English Language • American English • American Spelling Book • Anglo-SaxonArabicaristocracyAustraliaAustralian Aborigineauthoritative historyBible • Blue Backed Speller • British televisionCaribbean • Catherine of Aragon • Celtic language • Celts • Church of England • cockney rhyming slang • colonisationcommon languagecommunication • Convicts land • dialectdictionaryDutch • educated people • English languageEsperantoFrenchFrench languageFrisian • Frisian language • Gaelic • Germanic rootsgrammarGreek • Gullah language • Hebrew • Henry V of England • Henry VIII of England • historical eventshistoryhistory of ideas • History of the English language • history of useimmigrationIndiaindustrial revolutioninvasionIsaac NewtonITVJamaicanJane Austen • John Cheke • John WycliffeJonathan Swift • Joseph McCoy • Katherine Duncan-Jones • King James I • languagelanguage developmentLatin wordlinguisticsmedieval churchMelvyn Braggmini-series • modern English • Netherlands • Noah Webster • North America • Old English • peasant • Philip Sidne • pidgin • pronunciation • Queen Elizabeth I • Robert Burns • Rural Rides • Samuel JohnsonSanskritScotland • Scottish language • scripture • spelling • Squanto • television series • The Adventure of English (2002) • theologian • Thomas Sheridan • United Statesuse of wordsvikingvocabulary • Websters Dictionary • West Africa • William Cobbett • William Jones • William Shakespeare • William the Conqueror • William Tyndale • William Wordsworth • words

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
08 MARCH 2010

Encyclopaedia is assumed as an historical production always incomplete, unfinished, precarious, condemned to the voracity of knowledge progress

"In the line of [Francis] Bacon Instauratio Magna, encyclopaedia is assumed as an historical production always incomplete, unfinished, precarious, condemned to the voracity of knowledge progress: "it does not suppose that the work can be altogether completed within one generation, but provides for its being taken up by another"[1]

If encyclopaedia is never a dictionary, yet they have one point in common. They both are discontinuous texts made of independent segments or entries, either alphabetically organised or structured in larger conceptual, thematic or disciplinary frameworks. Those semantic fields never present well–defined borders. Each entry opens (explicitly or implicitly) to other entries which, in turn, open to others in such a way that each entry is virtually connected with all others. In that sense, encyclopaedia is not so much a monumental reunion of all knowledge in one closed place, but the free circulation of unity throughout the dense and sensual effectivity of its volumes and pages. Not a static totality but a dynamic entity, not a mausoleum but a "living intellectual force" as Otto Neurath, the big organiser of neo–positivist International Encyclopaedia of Unified Science (1937–38) used to say [3]. Not an additive totality but a vast, waving horizon, a net of multidimensional elements which can be connected according to multiple relationships. That is to say, encyclopaedia supposes a deep, floating continuity underlying its superficial discontinuity. This is the point in which encyclopaedia most clearly revels itself as a strong configuration of the unity of science. In fact, it is the only attempt of unification of knowledge, which is effectively realised, the only material realisation of unity of science that condenses and presents to the eyes of everybody a large scope of materials, which could never be confronted in any other way."

(Olga Pombo)

[1] F. Bacon, Instauratio Magna, Preface, in The Works of Francis Bacon, edited by J. Spedding, 1857–1874, London: Ellis and Heath, vol. IV: 21.

[3] I quote Neurath from his famous "Unified Science and Encyclopaedic Integration": 'a living being and not a phantom, not a mausoleum or an herbarium, but a living intellectual force', "Unified Science and Encyclopaedic Integration", in O. Neurath (ed.), International Encyclopaedia of Unified Science, Chicago/Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 1938, vol. I: 26.

Leibniz and the Encyclopaedic Project, Actas del Congresso Internacional Ciência, Tecnologia Y Bien Comun: La Catualidad de Leibniz (Valência, 21–23 Marzo de 2001), Valencia: Editorial de la Universidas Politecnica de Valencia, 2002, pp. 267–278.

TAGS

becomingconstellationsdictionarydiscursive fieldencyclopaediaFrancis BaconGottfried Leibnizhorizon • Instauratio Magna • mausoleum • multidimensional • orderingOtto Neurath • segment • semantic • unification of knowledge

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
11 NOVEMBER 2007

Fifteen Uses Of A Corporate Wiki

Dr. Todd Stephens, Saturday: June 2, 2007 10:03 PM
1. Collecting Business and Technical Requirements;
2. Corporate Dictionary;
3. Meeting Agendas, Notes, Attendees, and Attachments;
4. Organisational and Professional Biography;
5. Status Reporting (Project, Personal, Program, Departmental);
6. Release Notes and Issue Tracking;
7. Product and Service Documentation;
8. User Manuals, Guides, and Best Bets (Tips);
9. Policies and Procedures;
10. Brainstorming, Innovation and Patent Processing (Many Eyes);
11. Intranet Replacement;
12. Metrics Reporting;
13. Along with RSS, notification of upcoming Events or Announcements;
14. Error Reporting, Tracking, and Resolution;
15. Locating Like Minded or SME within the Enterprise.

TAGS

biographybusinessbusiness communicationcorporate communication • corporate wiki • dictionarydocumentationguidemanualreportingSMEwiki
17 SEPTEMBER 2005

Objectgraph: Dictionary

The objectgraph: dictionary is an on–line dictionary that dynamically returns results as its users enter their requests.

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TAGS

dictionaryJavaScript • objectgraph • XMLHttpRequest
15 APRIL 2005

Parole: dictionary of the contemporary city

"parole is a dynamic dictionary of the contemporary city, or at least this was the intention when it was launched in June 2000 in occasion of the 7th International Exhibition of Architecture at the Biennale in Venice, Italy.

Since then parole has become a vast, loose, heterogeneous website, probably less easily defined with such a stringent term as 'dictionary'.

Currently about 900 words, related to the transformation of the urban landscape, are organised in a hypermedia database, along with more than 1000 links to & from the Internet.

Images, texts, quotations, comments, fragments of text, links to external websites, videos, sounds, webcams are some of the scattered elements which constitute its fragmented mosaic.

parole acts as an open platform for information, discussion, archive, gathering of data, it is a place where much of the material included is directly provided by its users. As in a type of 'Borgesian' dream it establishes a permanently fluid and unstable mapping of the actual urban condition throughout the world, looking at the variations and alterations in language and in the discourse of several different disciplines. Neologisms, slang terms, theories, utopic projects, nicknames attributed to specific sites, urbanism, architecture, anthropology, contemporary art are some of the multiple material included in parole.

As its nature is permanently unstable and deprived of any hierarchy, parole is subject to shifts and alterations towards directions which are actually unpredictable.

In occasion of its different presentations within localised conditions, such as a museum or a gallery space, we have tried to accomplish a certain degree of interaction with the context, in order to allow the project to present a direct vision of the condition of the contemporary city in its permanent state of change."

(Gruppo A12, Udo Noll and Peter Scupelli)

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TAGS

2000anthropologyarchitecture • architecture biennale • categorisationcityclassificationdictionaryhypertextItalyJorge Luis Borgeslangue and paroleneologism • nicknames • orderingparoleslangtaxonomythesaurusurbanismutopia • Venice
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